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1.
餐厨垃圾管理的现状、问题及对策   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
针对我国餐厨垃圾产生量大、产生面广,餐厨垃圾含水率高、有机质含量高、容易污染环境的特点,分析研究了我国餐厨垃圾的产生现状、处理技术和工程概况,指出了当前我国餐厨垃圾管理中存在的主要问题,并提出了有关对策。  相似文献
2.
The Chinese government has been implementing a strict pollutants gross control policy during the 11th Five Year Plan period. Primary pollutants reduction (COD & SO2) is one of the major concerns of industrial environmental management. This paper constructs a technology selection model for industrial pollutants reduction by incorporating mass flow analysis of the production system, bottom-up modeling methodology, and linear programming for optimizing annualized discounted cost. A case study of COD emission control is carried out on the Chinese pulp industry, the nation's leading source of industrial COD discharge. The model is used to generate and analyze the technology prospects and COD emission situations under various scenarios for 2010, 2020 and 2030.  相似文献
3.
纤维转盘过滤技术在城市污水深度处理中的应用   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
纤维转盘过滤作为一种污水深度处理新技术,比传统的砂滤具有革新性的原理和结构改进,在实现连续过滤的情况下可稳定去除SS,大幅降低运行成本,全面提高过滤效率,在我国城市污水一级A排放等污水深度处理领域应用前景广阔。  相似文献
4.
The dismantling of printed circuit board assemblies (PCBAs) and the recovery of their useful materials can lead to serious environmental impacts mainly due to their complicated physical structure and the variety of toxic elements contained in their material composition. So far, less attention has been paid to their responsible recycling compared to that of bare printed circuit boards. Combined with other materials recovery process, proper dismantling of PCBAs is beneficial to conserve scarce resources, reuse the components, and eliminate or safely dispose of hazardous materials. In analyzing the generation, resources potential and hazardous risk of scrap PCBAs, technologies used for the dismantling of waste PCBAs have been widely investigated and reviewed from the aspects of both industrial application and laboratory-scale studies. In addition, the feasibility of PCBA dismantling has been discussed, the determinants of which, including the heating conditions and mechanical properties have been identified. Moreover, this paper evaluates the environmental consequences caused by the dismantling of PCBAs.  相似文献
5.
我国环境管理新进展及环境大数据技术应用展望   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
伴随着环境问题复杂性日益凸显和国家对生态环境保护的高度重视,传统环境管理和决策手段已经难以满足新时代环境治理需要。推动大数据技术及其应用是重要的国家战略,环境大数据技术是环境学科热门的技术研究领域之一,将促使我国环境管理逐渐向动态化、数字化、网络化和精细化转变。本文回顾了我国环境管理体系的历史阶段变化和新时期环境管理的需求,总结了大数据技术及其发展趋势和国内外环境大数据技术应用进展,从我国环境管理领域大数据技术应用的需求出发,提出了环境大数据技术应用前景和主要功能,包括环境数据采集与挖掘、多源数据处理与管理、大数据分析与应用和环境管理决策与支撑等。大数据技术作为解决复杂系统问题的重要手段,将在我国环境管理和综合决策中发挥重要作用。  相似文献
6.
The management of the big amount of fly ash as hazardous waste from the municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) has encountered many problems in China. In this study, a feasibility research on MSWI fly ash utilization as partial cement substitute in cement mortars was therefore carried out. MSWI fly ash was subjected to washing process to reduce its chlorine content (from 10.16% to 1.28%). Consequently, it was used in cement mortars. Ten percent and 20% replacement of cement by washed ash showed acceptable strength properties. In TCLP and 180-day monolithic tests, the mortars with washed ash presented a little stronger heavy metal leachability, but this fell to the blank level (mortar without washed ash) with the addition of 0.25% chelate. Therefore, this method is proposed as an environment-friendly technology to achieve a satisfactory solution for MSWI fly ash management.  相似文献
7.
In the late 1990s China started to expand its market economic reform to the public sector, such as water services. This reform led to major changes in urban water management, including water tariff management. The reforms in water tariff management relate not only to tariffs, but also to the decision-making on tariffs. Water tariff decision-making seems to move away from China's conventional mode of highly centralized and bureaucratic policy- and decision-making. The legalization, institutionalization and performance of public hearings in water tariff management forms a crucial innovation in this respect. This article analyzes the emergence, development and current functioning of public hearings in water tariff setting, and assesses to what extent public hearings are part of a turning point in China's tradition of centralized bureaucratic decision-making, towards more transparent, decentralized and participative governance.  相似文献
8.
近年来化工园区安全环保事故多发,园区生存发展面临极大挑战。深入推进绿色发展,是破解化工园区乃至整个行业发展瓶颈的唯一出路。本文以国内典型的精细化工园区——杭州湾上虞经济技术开发区为例,梳理该园区建设以来在产业发展、安全生产、污染整治方面的创新实践及成效,凝练出具有启示意义的管理与规划特点,以期为其他精细化工园区提供借鉴。实践显示,发展较成熟的化工园区向非化工园区转型难度大且代价高,而化工产业是国民经济的重要支柱,产业向园区集聚发展是趋势所在,科学地实施规划管理,是化工园区绿色发展的首要。化工园区推进绿色发展,宜在充分摸清园区"家底"基础上,强化顶层设计,即:以重点行业清洁生产、循环经济关键技术突破带动全产业链绿色发展;以大企业为核心,构建产品间、企业间协作的动-静脉耦合产业链接和共生网络;建设清洁化、多功能、集中与分散相结合的基础设施组团;构建全过程环境和安全管理体系,提高本质安全;资源环境要素约束倒逼产业结构调整及准入控制。2006-2015年,上虞园区整体实现了经济发展与资源能源消耗及污染物排放的相对脱钩,产生了积极的经济环境效益。其绿色发展实践对其他化工园区具有积极借鉴意义。  相似文献
9.
我国工业园区生态化轨迹及政策变迁   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
本文梳理了我国工业园区生态化过程中,包括生态工业示范园区、循环经济园、低碳园区、绿色园区建设的政策变迁,总结出工业园区生态化的轨迹和特点,并分析了工业园区生态化过程中的不足和未来面临的挑战。我国工业园区生态化特点包括:试点-示范-推广的一般模式、学习型的政策、逐步多样的政策工具、参与政府部门的逐步多样化与最终整合的趋势、产业共生与多种环境管理措施并行的状态。未来的工业园区生态化工作需要注重理清产业共生的内涵,确定相应的政策目标、政策工具和评价体系,同时需要注重园区的能力建设。  相似文献
10.
Planning for environmental justice in an urban national park   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Urban national parks were designed in the 1970s to bring nature and recreational opportunities to socio-economically disadvantaged communities in the USA. Using the theoretical frame of environmental justice, this paper discusses findings of a recent survey of visitors to Los Angeles' Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area – the United States' largest urban national park. Findings show park visitors were predominantly white, affluent, and lived nearby. People of colour travelled further, were significantly less likely to be return visitors, and were less inclined to use the park for active recreation. Seemingly, this park fails to meet the needs of the disadvantaged urban communities for whom it was created, a problem that may also affect other parks in the United States and potentially parks in other countries. Park planners and managers can take practical steps to increase accessibility to this park for people of colour and low-income earners, and should monitor other parks for patterns of ethno-racially differentiated access and utilisation.  相似文献
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