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A column leaching experiment was used to investigate the efficacy of amendments on their ability to remove alkaline anions and metal ions from bauxite residue leachates. Treatments included, simulated acid rain(AR), phosphogypsum + vermicompost(PVC), phosphogypsum +vermicompost + simulated acid rain(PVA), and biosolids + microorganisms(BSM) together with controls(CK). Results indicated that amendment could effectively reduce the leachate pH and EC values, neutralize OH~-, CO_3~(2-), HCO_3~-, and water soluble alkali, and suppress arsenic(As)content. Correlation analysis revealed significant linear correlations with pH and concentrations of OH~-, CO_3~(2-), HCO_3~-, water-soluble alkali, and metal ions. BSM treatment showed optimum results with neutralizing anions(OH~-, CO_3~(2-), and HCO_3~-), water soluble alkali, and removal of metal ions(Al, As, B, Mo, V, and Na), which was attributed to neutralization from the generation of small molecular organic acids and organic matter during microbial metabolism. BSM treatment reduced alkaline anions and metal ions based on neutralization reactions in bauxite residue leachate, which reduced the potential pollution effects from leachates on the soil surrounding bauxite residue disposal areas.  相似文献
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Biomass fermentation provides a potential route toward the ecological disposal for the bauxite residue(BR) with high alkalinity issues. However, how to accelerate the remediation of the alkaline problem with a long-term durability is still a big challenge. Herein, we investigated the acceleration of the decomposition of straw toward organic acid species via a pyrolysis strategy as well as the pH stability during long-term dry-wet aging for the treated BR. The pH of pyrolytic BR at 300 °C is stab...  相似文献
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