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Chlorella salina was successfully cultivated in secondarily treated domestic sewage effluent of salinity (14%) in an outdoor cultivation tank. Removal efficiencies of NH4+ -N, NO3 -N, and PO43− -P by this alga from secondarily treated sewage effluent were 89–100%, 35–66% and 100%, respectively. The high removal efficiencies of inorganic N and P means that this process can be used as a tertiary sewage treatment. The yield of the sewage-grown algae was 5.1 g m−2 day−1 for a retention time of 6 days. The high protein content (46.8%), relatively good amino-acid profile and low metal content enabled the use of algal biomass as feed supplement for the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). The food conversion ratios (FCR) of 5% and 10% sewage-grown algae supplemented fish food were better than on the control diet (i.e. artificial fish food alone), while the FCR of 20% sewage-grown algae supplemented fish food and live sewage-grown algae alone were inferior to that on the control diet. These results indicate that cultivation of C. salina in secondarily treated sewage effluent of high salinity can be used as a tertiary sewage treatment to remove inorganic N and P from secondarily treated sewage effluent to reduce pollution problems, and to produce algal protein suitable as a supplement for fish feed in aquaculture.  相似文献
2.
Chlorella salina was successfully cultivated in secondarily treated domestic sewage effluent of salinity (14%) in an outdoor cultivation tank. Removal efficiencies of NH4+ -N, NO3 -N, and PO43− -P by this alga from secondarily treated sewage effluent were 89–100%, 35–66% and 100%, respectively. The high removal efficiencies of inorganic N and P means that this process can be used as a tertiary sewage treatment. The yield of the sewage-grown algae was 5.1 g m−2 day−1 for a retention time of 6 days. The high protein content (46.8%), relatively good amino-acid profile and low metal content enabled the use of algal biomass as feed supplement for the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). The food conversion ratios (FCR) of 5% and 10% sewage-grown algae supplemented fish food were better than on the control diet (i.e. artificial fish food alone), while the FCR of 20% sewage-grown algae supplemented fish food and live sewage-grown algae alone were inferior to that on the control diet. These results indicate that cultivation of C. salina in secondarily treated sewage effluent of high salinity can be used as a tertiary sewage treatment to remove inorganic N and P from secondarily treated sewage effluent to reduce pollution problems, and to produce algal protein suitable as a supplement for fish feed in aquaculture.  相似文献
3.
This is the first detailed characterization of the airborne bacterial profiles in indoor environments. Two restaurants were selected for this study. Fifteen genera of bacteria were isolated from each restaurant and identified by three different bacterial identification systems including MIDI, Biolog and Riboprinter®. The dominant bacteria of both restaurants were Gram-positive bacteria in which Micrococcus and Bacillus species were the most abundant. Most bacteria identified were representative species of skin and respiratory tract of human, and soil. Although the bacterial levels in these two restaurants were below the limit of the Hong Kong Indoor Air Quality Objective (HKIAQO) Level 1 standard (i.e., < 500 cfu/m3), the majority of these bacteria were opportunistic pathogens. These results suggested that the identity of airborne bacteria should also be included in the IAQ to ensure there is a safety guideline for the public.  相似文献
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