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污水厂二维沉淀池水流和悬浮物运动数值模拟   总被引:24,自引:0,他引:24       下载免费PDF全文
 以典型城市污水处理厂平流矩形沉淀池速度和浓度分布计算为例,利用涡量-流函数法建立控制方程,并以有限差分法中的控制容积法对方程进行了离散,求出速度分布场后,利用二维浓度迁移方程对沉淀池浓度分布进行了计算.通过与实验数据的对比,验证了方法的有效性与可行性.另外还对沉淀池数值模拟的应用进行了初步探索.  相似文献
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Bio-surfactant is a new type of surfactant that is produced in microbial metabolism. Adding bio-surfactant during composting process, especially to those contain some toxic substances, has been proved to be a promising way. In this study, Strains Ⅲ(2), a bacterial with high activity to produce bio-surfactant, were isolated firstly. Following comparison experiments with and without adding Strains Ⅲ(2), namely Run 1 and Run R, were conducted, respectively. The experimental results showed that, by adding Strains Ⅲ (2),the surface tension could reduce from 46.5 mN/m to 39.8 mN/m and the corresponding time to maintain the surface tension under 50 mN/m could prolong from 60 h to 90 h. The oxygen uptake rate and total accumulated oxygen consumption with Stains Ⅲ (2) were both higher than those without Strains Ⅲ (2), while the accumulation of H2S in outlet gas was reduced to around 50% of Run R. Moreover, two additional experiments were also carried out to examine the effects of strains coming from different systems. One is adding Strains Ⅲ (2)with a dose of 0.4% (Run 2), and the other is seedling commercial Strains at the same conditions, the composting experiments showed that: Run 2 was more effective than Run 3, because the commercial Strains can be suppressed significantly in a complex composting system with different pH, high temperature and some of metals. The bio-surfactant was also added into the solid waste, which contained some toxic substances, the corresponding results showed that the remove rate of Hg and sodium pentachlorophenolate(PCP-Na) could be improved highly. Thus, the microenvironment, reactionrate and composting quality could be enhanced effectively by adding bio-surfactant to the composting process.  相似文献
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The paper establishes the relationship between the sttling efficiency and the sizes of the sedimentation through the process of numerical simulation,which is taken as of the constraints to set up a simple optimum dsigning model of sedimentation tank.The feasibility and advantages of this model based on numerical calculation are verified through the application of practical case.  相似文献
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IntroductionInwatertreatmenttechnology ,themostcommonlyusedmethodofsolidliquidseparationisgravitationalsedimentation .Fromstatistics,onequarterofthetotalinvestmentofthewastewatertreatmentplantisusedforsedimentationtanks (Swamee ,1 996) .Withthedevelopmentofc…  相似文献
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IntroductionCompostingisanatureprocess,butmanyman inducedinnovativemeasureshavebeendevelopedtoacceleratecompostingefficiency .Variousspecializedseedinoculumshavebeenappliedforpracticalengineering(Biey ,2 0 0 0 ) .ThemicrobialfloraandthemassconcentrationofmicrobesinMSWcompostingprocessesunderlyinginoculationaredifferentinvariousstages(Lei,2 0 0 0 ;Akihito ,1998) .Atthesametime ,thelivingenvironmentofmicroorganismsisalsoincessantlychangingduetotheincreaseofmetabolizingproductionandconsumption…  相似文献
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A newly developed model for the optimum municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) design is presented. Through introducing the interval variables, the model attempts to consider the effects of uncertainties caused by the fluctuation of the wastewater quality and quantity during the design of MWTP. The model solution procedure is illustrated in detail, and a numerical example is given to verify the feasibility and advantage of the model. Furthermore, the possibility of the model application is briefly outlined.  相似文献
7.
In practical water environmental planning, the influence of the non-linear characteristics on the benefit of environmental investment was seldom taken into consideration. This paper demonstrates that there exist a lot of non-linear behaviors in water environment by emphatically analyzing the influence of the non-linear characteristics of the economic scale, the meandering river and the model on water environmental planning, which will make a certain impact on the water environmental planning that sometimes cannot be neglected. This paper also preliminarily explores how to integrate the non-linear characteristics into water environmental planning. The results showed that compared with traditional methods, water environmental planning considering non-linear characteristics has its prevalence and it is necessary to develop the relevant Dlannin,. theories and methods.  相似文献
8.
 在实际环境规划中,很少考虑到非线性特征对环境投入的效益影响.以国内外目前主要3类水环境规划为例,研究了环境投入与环境改善之间的关系.对每一类环境规划,环境改善均随投入的增加而迅速减少.由于传统的环境管理或规划在选择下一种措施之前总是将大部分费用投入到前一种措施中,因此传统的环境管理或规划忽略了环境系统有关的非线性特征.应将有关费用投入以保证下一步措施获得最大的环境改善.与传统的环境管理或规划相比,这种考虑环境系统有关非线性特征影响的投入策略可以达到用较少的经费获得迅速的环境改善.  相似文献
9.
Taking the distributing calculation of velocity and concentration as an example,the paper established a series of governing equations by the vorticity-stream function method, and dispersed the equations by the finite differencing method.After figuring out the distribution field of velocity, the paper also calculated the concentration distribution in sedimentation tank by using using the two-dimensional concentration transport equation.The validity and feasibility of the numerical method was verified through comparing with experimental data.Furthermore,the paper carried out a tentative exploration into the application of numerical simulation of sedimentation tanks.  相似文献
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