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1.
V2O5-WO3/TiO2脱硝催化剂的制备及其性能研究   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
对选择性催化还原脱硝用催化剂V2O5-WO3/TiO2的制备工艺进行了实验研究.采用溶胶-凝胶法制得TiO2凝胶,对凝胶进行不同条件下的干燥和煅烧处理,然后通过浸渍法在TiO2上依次负载WO3和V2O5,最终得到V2O5-WO3/TiO2催化剂.结果表明,TiO2凝胶的处理温度对催化剂结构和脱除NO的性能有一定的影响,TiO2凝胶干燥温度为105 ℃时制得的催化剂活性较高,在实验条件下NO脱除率最高可达98.3%.  相似文献
2.
广东省农业循环经济发展的DEA分析与有效性评价   总被引:6,自引:2,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
运用数据包络分析方法中的超效率DEA(Super-efficiency Data Envelopment Analysis, SE-DEA)模型对2004、2005年广东21个地市农业循环经济发展的有效性进行了评价,并应用DEA模型(C2R和BC2)对于非DEA有效城市的主要原因进行了分析,提出了非有效向有效转化和调整的方向与建议。结果表明,两年间全省农业循环经济发展的平均超效率值均在2.0以上,平均综合效率、技术效率和规模效率值分别为0.967 0、0.974 8和0.991 0。2005年中有11个地市的效率值都呈现上升趋势,农业循环经济发展整体状况良好。5个非DEA有效的地市中,技术有效而规模无效率的地市只有汕尾,该地区的规模报酬处于递增状态。惠州、清远、梅州和江门地区均表现为技术、规模无效。其中梅州的技术效率最低,规模报酬显示出下降趋势。非DEA有效地市可对相对无效的投入、产出作适当调整,即缩减过多的投入或增加不足的产出,以改善和提高农业循环经济的运行效率。  相似文献
3.
结合2008年年底在竺山湖进行的底泥清淤工程,调查了底泥疏浚6个月后对大型底栖动物的群落结构的影响及水质变化.结果表明,疏浚区和未疏浚区底栖动物均以霍普水丝蚓、摇蚊和铜锈环棱螺3种生物为主;同未疏浚区相比,疏浚后生物多样性降低,但生物量增加.受外源污染影响,上覆水体中TN、TP含量变化幅度分别为1.64~4.45mg/L和0.133~0.258 mg/L,较高的水体营养盐含量,使得疏浚后的新生底泥仍处于营养盐较高的状态,从而使得底栖动物群落组成以生活于污染较重的物种为主.采用Shannon-Weaver、Simpson和Goodnight指数对底栖生物进行评价,结果表明疏浚区处于中度污染,未疏浚区处于中-重度污染状态.结合底栖动物调查和水质监测结果,只有在严格控制外源污染对水体的影响后,底泥疏浚才能起到应有的作用.  相似文献
4.
贵州省典型煤矿区水体水质分析及其急性生物毒性   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为了解煤矿开采对周围水环境的影响,对贵州四个煤矿区水体的理化指标进行了测定,并用隆线溞对水样进行了急性生物毒性实验。结果表明,各煤矿的开采对研究区的地表水体均造成了不同程度污染,水体中SO42-、Fe与Mn的最高含量分别达到了2 588.96 mg/L,58.301 mg/L,7.097 mg/L,pH值最低为2.85。煤矿酸性废水对隆线溞有极强的急性生物毒性,其24 h LC50范围为2.27%~82.09%。不同煤矿区水体的生物毒性差异较大,花溪麦坪煤矿废水生物毒性最大,而水城大河边煤矿区水体最小,24 h内对隆线溞无致死作用。  相似文献
5.
采用UV-Fenton技术对中药废水进行氧化处理,对主要影响因素及其对废水处理效果的影响进行了实验研究。主要考察了废水pH、H2O2投加量,Fe2+投加量,Fe2+/H2O2投加比、温度等对废水中CODcr去除率的影响。实验结果表明,在pH=3.83,H2O2投加量为1倍理论投加量Qth,Fe2+投加量为7.9×10-3mol.l-1,Fe2+:H2O2=1:27,23℃的情况下反应80 min后CODcr去除率达到80.25%,UV-Fenton氧化系统对中药废水有比较好的处理效果,改善了废水的可生化性,有利于进一步进行生化处理。  相似文献
6.
土壤既是大气汞与水体汞的汇,又是汞再次释放的源.土壤汞最终通过迁移等方式进入周边环境,危害人体和动植物的健康.综述了传统的汞污染场地修复技术,总结了热解析技术的影响因素、添加剂的协同处理以及热解前后土壤形态变化等,并对热解析技术处理汞污染土壤所存在的问题以及后续发展进行了展望.  相似文献
7.
A series of cobalt doped TiO2 (Co-TiO2) and CoOx loaded TiO2 (Co/TiO2) catalysts prepared by sol–gel and impregnation methods respectively were investigated on selective catalytic reduction with NH3 (NH3-SCR) of NO. It was found that Co-TiO2 catalyst showed more preferable catalytic activity at low temperature range. From characterization results of XRD, TEM, Raman and FT-IR, Co species were proved to be doped into TiO2 lattice by replaced Ti atoms. After being characterized and analyzed by NH3-TPD, PL, XPS, EPR and DRIFTS, it was found that the better NH3-SCR activities of Co-TiO2 catalysts, compared with Co/TiO2 catalyst, were ascribed to the formation of more oxygen vacancies which further promoted the production of more superoxide ions (O2). The superoxide ions were crucial for the formation of low temperature SCR reaction intermediates (NO3) by reacting with adsorbed NO molecule. Therefore, these aspects were responsible for the higher low temperature NH3-SCR activity of Co-TiO2 catalysts.  相似文献
8.
TiO2 nanotubes (TiNT) were prepared by a hydrothermal treatment and modified by three kinds of amines,namely ethylenediamine,polyetherimide and tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA),to study their CO2 adsorption properties from gas streams.The resultant samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction,transmission electron microscopy,and infrared spectroscopy,as well as low temperature N 2 adsorption.CO2 capture was investigated in a dynamic packed column at 30℃.TEPA-modified TiO2 nanotubes showed the highest adsorption capacity of 167.64 mg/g because it had the highest amino-group content among the three amines.CO2 fixation on TiNT impregnated by TEPA was investigated at 30,50,and 70℃,and the adsorption capacity increased slightly with temperature.Following the adsorption step,the sorbents were regenerated by temperature programmed desorption,and the TiNT-TEPA sample,as CO2 sorbent,was found to be readily regenerated and energy-efficient.The cycle test also revealed that the TiNT-TEPA adsorbent is fairly stable,with only a 5% drop in the adsorption capacity after 10 adsorption/desorption cycles.In addition,the CO2 adsorption behavior was investigated with the deactivation model,and which showed an excellent prediction for the TiNT-TEPA breakthrough curves.  相似文献
9.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption on a standard metal-organic framework Mg2(dobdc) (Mg/DOBDC or Mg-MOF-74) and a tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) modified Mgz(dobdc) (TEPA-Mg/DOBDC) were investigated and compared. The structural information, surface chemistry and thermal behavior of the adsorbent samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm analysis. CO2 adsorption capacity was measured by dynamic adsorption experiments with N2-CO2 mixed gases at 60℃. Results showed that the CO2 adsorption capacity of Mg/DOBDC was significantly improved after amine modification, with an increase from 2.67 to 6.06 mmol CO2/g adsorbent. Moreover, CO2 adsorption on the TEPA-Mg/DOBDC adsorbent was promoted by water vapor, and the adsorption capacity was enhanced to 8.31 mmol CO2/g absorbent. The adsorption capacity of the TEPA-Mg/DOBDC adsorbent dropped only 3% after 5 consecutive adsorption]desorption cycles. Therefore, this kind of adsorbent can be considered as a promising material for the capture of CO2 from flue gas.  相似文献
10.
TiO2 supports doped with different amounts of Si were prepared by a sol-gel method, and 1 wt% vanadia (V2O5) loaded on Si-doped TiO2 was obtained by an impregnation method. The mole ratio of Si/Ti was 0.2, NOx conversion exceeds 94% at 300℃ and GHSV of 41,324 hr-1 , which is about 20% higher than pure V2O5/TiO2 . The catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, TEM, FT-IR, NH3-TPD, XPS, H2-TPR, Raman and in situ DRIFTS. The results of FT-IR and XPS indicated that Si was doped into the TiO2 lattice successfully and a solid solution was obtained. V2O5 active component could be dispersed well on the support with the increasing of surface area of the catalyst, which was confirmed by Raman and XRD results. Above all, the numbers of acid sites (especially the Br nsted-acid) and oxidation properties were enhanced for Si-doped V2O5/TiO2 catalysts, which improved the deNOx catalytic activity.  相似文献
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