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基于典型的希瓦氏金属还原菌(Shewanella decolorationis S12)和石英砂负载铁砷(As-IOCS)的相互作用,探讨了不同来源及组分溶解有机质和生物/非生物条件下对上述作用过程的影响.结果表明,不同类型及组分溶解有机质(DOM)均能使石英砂上负载的铁砷微生物还原解离/解吸程度得到一定程度的加强.而非生物反应体系中,只有含氧化还原敏感官能团结构的蒽醌类物质(0.1 mmol·L-1AQS)对铁砷的解离/解吸作用产生明显影响.在0.1 mmol·L-AQS和有机络合物(2 mmol·L-1 EDTA)的影响下,使得石英砂上负载铁的微生物异化还原程度加强,导致As(Ⅴ)从石英砂负载铁上的解吸程度也随之得到加强;在未加菌体系中,AQS和EDTA和不同组分的DOM类似,对As(Ⅴ)从IOCS上解吸程度影响微弱.对于As(Ⅲ)来说,只有在AQS的影响下,其含量得到显著增加,这可能是作为氧化还原中介体的AQS,在厌氧的生物/非生物条件下,能促进电子在As不同形态之间的转移,使得高价态As(Ⅴ)向还原态As(Ⅲ)的还原转变更易进行.当S12菌液接种含量增加时,在污泥不同组分DOM的影响下,As(Ⅴ)的解吸程度在反应300h前得到明显加强,而As(Ⅲ)的含量在整个反应期间,均快速上升,表明菌液含量高的体系,微生物铁异化还原过程得以持续进行,同时也促进了As(Ⅴ)向As(Ⅲ)的还原转变.  相似文献
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Chengdu is a megacity in the southwest of China with high ozone (O3) mixing ratio. Observation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), NO2 and O3 with high temporal resolution was conducted in Chengdu to investigate the chemical processes and causes of high O3 levels. The hourly mixing ratios of VOCs, NO2, and O3 were monitored by an online system from 28 August to 7 October, 2016. According to meteorological conditions, Chengdu, with relative warm weather and low wind speed, is favorable to O3 formation. Part of the O3 in Chengdu may be transported from the downtown area. In O3 episodes, the average mixing ratios of NO2 and O3 were 20.20?ppbv and 47.95?ppbv, respectively. In non-O3 episodes, the average mixing ratios of NO2 and O3 were 16.38?ppbv and 35.15?ppbv, respectively. The average mixing ratio of total VOCs (TVOCs) was 40.29?ppbv in non-O3 episodes, which was lower than that in O3 episodes (53.19?ppbv). Alkenes comprised 51.7% of the total O3 formation potential (OFP) in Chengdu, followed by aromatics which accounted for 24.2%. Ethylene, trans-pentene, propene, and BTEX (benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, m/p-xylene, o-xylene) were also major contributors to the OFP in Chengdu. In O3 episodes, intensive secondary formations were observed during the campaign. Oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs), such as acetone, Methylethylketone (MEK), and Methylvinylketone (MVK) were abundant. Isoprene rapidly converted to MVK and Methacrolein (MACR) during O3 episodes. Acetone was mainly the oxidant of C3-C5 hydrocarbons.  相似文献
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