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排序方式: 共有12条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
柴油机排放碳颗粒物的催化燃烧   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
在热天平装置上考察了柴油机和碳颗粒物燃烧催化剂的活性,讨论了样品制备因素对样品失重的影响,这些因素包括碳颗粒物组成、催化剂栽体、催化剂与碳颗粒物质量比,着重筛选了催化剂的组份,得到了组份催化剂CuCl2-KCo-NH4VO3其550℃焙烧后能使样品的Tm和Tf值都降低180℃以上,并对催化剂的热稳定性进行了研究。  相似文献
2.
炼油装置腐蚀适应性评价   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
介绍了湛江东兴石油企业有限公司开展的装置腐蚀适应性评价情况.根据相关数据及McConomy曲线、API581标准、ASME推荐的方法等和实际腐蚀速率、最小承压壁厚,并将设备管道的实际用材与中国石油化工股份有限公司《加工高含硫原油部分装置在用设备及管道选材指导意见》和设计选材导则进行对比,结合工艺防腐现场情况和专家经验,对炼油装置加工劣质原料进行适应性安全评价,对于存在以及可能存在安全隐患的部位,给出可操作的解决方案.  相似文献
3.
为了提高高炉干法除尘布袋的寿命,在重力除尘器和布袋除尘器之间加入旋风除尘装置,得到的旋风灰可以作为煤粉添加剂。对首秦高炉旋风灰进行粒度和化学成分分析,研究发现高炉旋风灰可以降低煤粉着火温度,提高燃烧效率,且其粒度分布与喷吹煤粉相似,可以作为高炉喷吹煤粉添加剂。通过实验室测定煤粉添加不同比例旋风灰后的燃烧率,确定在富氧率为3%,旋风灰添加比例为6%的条件下,可达到最佳的煤粉燃烧效果。旋风灰作为高炉自产的喷煤添加剂,与煤粉混合喷吹可以为企业减轻固废处理负担,同时带来可观的经济效益和社会效益。  相似文献
4.
In this study, greatly enhanced Mn(II) adsorption was achieved by as-synthesized diethylenetriaminepentaacetate acid intercalated Mg/Al layered double hydroxides(LDHsDTPA). The adsorption capacity of LDHs-DTPA was 83.5 mg/g, which is much higher than that of LDHs-EDTA(44.4 mg/g), LDHs-Oxalate(21.6 mg/g) and LDHs(28.8 mg/g). The adsorption data of aqueous Mn(II) using LDHs-DTPA could be well described by the pseudosecond order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm model. Thermodynamics study results also showed that the adsorption process of Mn(II) by LDHs-DTPA was exothermic as indicated by the negative ΔH value. Furthermore, based on the structural, morphological and thermostable features, as well as FT-IR and XPS characterizations of LDHs-DTPA and the pristine LDHs, the adsorption mechanism of Mn(II) was proposed. The carboxyl groups of DTPA were proposed to be the main binding sites for Mn(II), and the hydroxyl groups of LDHs also played a minor role in the adsorption process. Among the three common regeneration reagents, 0.1 mol/L Na_2CO_3 was the best for reusing LDHs-DTPA in Mn(II)adsorption. Besides, the Mn(II) adsorption performance could be hindered in the presence of typical inorganic ions, especially cations. Further specific modifications of LDHs-DTPA are suggested to get more selective adsorption of Mn(II) in practical applications.  相似文献
5.
Membrane filtration combined with pre-coagulation has advantages in advanced wastewater treatment. As a model of a microbial polysaccharide, research on the effect of sodium alginate(SA) on alum hydrolysis has been rare; therefore, it is necessary to gain insight into the interface interaction between SA molecules and Al species, and the role SA plays during floc formation. In this study, the interaction mechanism between SA and Al species has been investigated, by evaluating the effect of SA on floc characteristics and membrane fouling during coagulation–ultrafiltration with different Al species coagulants(AlCl3 and preformed Al13). Al 2 p X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) confirmed that the complexation of ligands and Al species strongly affects the reaction pathways for Al hydrolysis and the final nature of the flocs, as Al13 can be decomposed into octahedral precipitates when SA is added. The presence of SA can affect floc properties, which have important impacts on the characteristics of the cake layer and membrane fouling. Due to the bridging ability of SA, the floc strength increased by about 50% using Ala, which was much better than preformed Al13, with a percentage increase of only about 6%. Moreover,the recovery factor of HA-flocs was decreased from 96% to 43% with SA addition of 0.5 mg/L.It was concluded that SA can affect the characteristics of the cake layer and membrane fouling through participating in the formation of primary flocs and altering the Al hydrolysis pathway.  相似文献
6.
Variation of CH4, CO2, and O2 concentrations in layers of different depths in semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfills was analyzed over a period of 5 years. The results showed that most of the municipal solid waste became basically stable after 5 years of landfill disposal. In the upper and middle layer, the concentration of CH4 in the semi-aerobic landfill was significantly lower than that in the anaerobic landfill in different landfill periods, while in the lower layer, there was little difference in the CH4 concentration between the semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfills. The average concentration of CH4 and CO2 in the anaerobic landfill was always higher than that in the semi-aerobic landfill, while the O2 concentration showed an opposite variation in different landfill periods. This was related to the aerobic reaction of landfill waste around the perforated pipe in the semi-aerobic landfill, which inhibited effective landfill gas generation.  相似文献
7.
The pollution characteristic of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in common used mineral oils, semi-refined oils, refined oils and solid wastes produced during the used mineral oil regeneration process was analyzed. The results showed that total PAHs content in six common used mineral oils was as follows: used engine oil > used quenching oil > used casting oil > used hydraulic oil > used antirust oil > used industrial lubricating oil. Furthermore, this order was dependent on the source of PAHs and oil working temperatures. Additionally, total PAHs content in regenerated oils was as follows: semi-refined oil > refined oil > crude oil, which was related to the catalytic cracking process of crude oil and adsorption refining process of semi-refined oil. The ranking of total PAHs content in regenerated wastes varied depending on the regeneration technology used as follows: waste adsorption sand > acid sludge > waste clay > precipitation sludge > cracked residue. In all types of used mineral oils and regenerated wastes, the maximum and minimum proportions of the total PAHs content were composed of 2–3 ring-PAHs and 5–6 ring-PAHs, respectively. The majority of PAHs in the used mineral oils entered into regenerated wastes during regeneration process, while a small number remained in the regenerated oil.  相似文献
8.
9.
为了解我国农村地区生活垃圾与玉米秸秆焚烧处置过程烟气中多环芳烃(PAHs)释放特征,对我国农村地区生活垃圾可燃组分以及生活垃圾与玉米秸秆混合焚烧组分在焚烧过程烟气中PAHs化合物释放特征进行分析,利用气相色谱-质谱仪(GC-MS)对样品中的16种PAHs进行分析,研究气态以及颗粒态PAHs的释放因子、环数比例、气固态分配以及排放特征值.结果表明气态PAHs排放因子为当垃圾与秸秆混合比例为1∶2时PAHs的总量最多,而颗粒态为当垃圾与秸秆混合比例为1∶3时PAHs的总量最多;气态PAHs主要集中于2~3环低环数化合物,颗粒态PAHs则主要以中低环数(3~4环)化合物为主,本研究为促进我国村镇生活垃圾处理与资源化运用提供理论依据.  相似文献
10.
利用Traj Stat软件和全球资料同化系统数据,计算了2014—2016年银川市逐日72 h气流后向轨迹,并采用聚类分析方法,结合银川市同期PM~(10)和PM~(2.5)质量浓度数据,分析了银川年及四季气流轨迹特征及其对银川颗粒物浓度的影响.同时,运用潜在源贡献因子分析法(PSCF)和浓度权重轨迹分析法(CWT),探讨了影响银川颗粒物质量浓度的潜在源区及不同源区对银川颗粒物质量浓度的贡献.结果表明,输送距离最长、高度最高、移速最快的西北气流轨迹占总轨迹的比例最高,达66.7%,且气团移动速度和高度与轨迹距离呈正比;输送高度较低、距离最短、移速最慢的北方气流轨迹占总轨迹数的24.3%;东南气团占总轨迹数的9%,输送距离和移速介于前两者之间,但输送高度较西北气流和北方气流低.四季各类气流轨迹变化特征与年变化特征基本一致,春、秋、冬三季,中、短距离西北气流占气流轨迹总数的比例最高,夏季东南气流占比最高,且夏季南方气流和北方气流占比较春、秋两季高,冬季未出现南方气流和北方气流,春季和冬季气流轨迹输送距离普遍比夏季和秋季长;春、夏、秋三季,偏南气流的输送高度均最低,四季长距离西北气流的输送高度均最高.年及四季都表现为西北气流轨迹对应的银川PM_(10)和PM_(2.5)平均浓度均较高,是影响银川颗粒物质量浓度的最重要输送路径,其次是东南气流轨迹,北方气流轨迹对银川颗粒物浓度影响较小.PSCF和CWT分析发现,位于新疆、甘肃、蒙古国、内蒙古、青海的西北源区及四川、陕西的东南源区是影响银川PM_(10)和PM_(2.5)浓度的两个主要潜在源区,各季节区域范围有所差异.  相似文献
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