首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   5篇
  完全免费   6篇
  综合类   11篇
  2017年   2篇
  2011年   2篇
  2010年   1篇
  2009年   3篇
  2006年   1篇
  2001年   1篇
  1995年   1篇
排序方式: 共有11条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
MBR中影响同步硝化反硝化的生态因子   总被引:37,自引:0,他引:37       下载免费PDF全文
研究了DO、C/N、pH等生态因子对膜生物反应器同步硝化反硝化的影响.结果表明,只有在各生态因子保持得当的条件下,同步硝化反硝化才能顺利地进行.DO为1mg/L左右、C/N比为30左右、进水pH值约7.2左右时COD、NH4+、TN的去除率分别为96%、95%和92%.  相似文献
2.
分别采用分子量分级膜和XAD-8树脂,研究了污水厂二级出水中有机物分子量分布特征及不同分子量分布区间亲疏水有机物的相对含量,考察了分子量分布及亲疏水特性对纳滤膜透水性能的影响.结果表明,二级出水有机物中,小分子亲水性有机物含量最高,小于2k的有机物占总有机物含量的45.61%,其中亲水性物质占28.07%,疏水性物质占17.54%;不同特征的原水分别经纳滤膜过滤,分子量分布对膜污染影响较大,分子量小于30k时,分子量区间越小,比通量衰减越快,分子量大于30k时,分子量区间越大,比通量衰减越快,且分子量较小的有机物通量衰减程度大于分子量较大有机物;在分子量分布相同区间内,亲水性有机物的比通量衰减较慢,说明相同分子量时,膜对亲水性物质的截留率较低,而疏水性物质是引起膜通量衰减的主要原因.  相似文献
3.
新一代切流直流式低阻高效旋风除尘器的研制   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
切流直流式旋风除尘器是一种新型低阻高效除尘器,由于取消了内旋涡流,使阻力损失降低了50%以上,对于0~50μm的锅炉烟道飞灰,其总除尘效率达99%。本文介绍了该型除尘器研制的理论依据、技术关键、结构特点、工作原理、试验台系统的设计以及主要性能的测试结果。  相似文献
4.
Inoculated with conventional anaerobic activated sludge, the Anammox process was successfully developed in an anaerobic rotating biological contactor (AnRBC) fed with a low ratio of C/N synthetic wastewater. Operated in a single point feed mode, the AnRBC removed 92.1% (n = 126) of the influent N at the highest surface load of 12 g/(m2.day). The biomass increased by 25% and 17.1 g/(m2.day) of maximum N removal surface load was achieved by elevating flow rate with another feed point. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that the Anammox genus Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis dominated the community. Both Anammox and denitrifying activity were detected in biofilm by the application of microelectrodes. In the outer layer of the biofilm (0-2500 μupm), nitrite and ammonium consumed simultaneously in a ratio of 1.12/1, revealing the occurrence of Anammox. In the inner layer (> 2500 μupm), a decrease of nitrate was caused by denitrification in the absence of nitrite and ammonium.  相似文献
5.
鸡粪腐解过程中不同溶性腐殖质结合铜的变化   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
以鸡粪为材料,添加不同比例的铜锌进行腐解试验,研究了腐解过程中不同溶性腐殖质结合态铜(水溶性、氢氧化钠溶性、氢氧化钠-焦磷酸钠混合液溶性)浓度的动态变化、受锌含量的影响及其与有效铜的关系.结果表明,粪肥原样H2O-Cu(水溶性腐殖质结合态铜)占其全铜量的10.97%,在腐解过程中先上升后下降;随着粪肥中添加铜量的增加(1:1、2:1、3:1处理),H2O-Cu占其全铜的比例相应减少了(平均分别占其全铜的比例的7.10%、5.18%和3.74%);H2O-Cu随着腐解时间延长呈增加趋势;在腐解的后期(45、60d),粪肥中锌含量的增加会降低H2O-Cu含量.腐解初期粪肥原样NaOH浸提腐殖质-铜(NaOH-Cu)占其全铜量的70.87%,随腐解进行其比例大幅度下降;NaOH-Cu占其全铜的比例随着加入铜的增大而有所下降,分别为55.59%、46.04%和38.08%,且随着腐解时间延长呈下降趋势;粪肥中锌含量的增加对NaOH-Cu含量变化影响较小.粪肥原样中NaOH-Na4P2O7提取腐殖质结合态铜(NaOH-Na4P2O7-Cu)占其全铜量的24.29%,随腐解过程呈增加趋势,NaOH-Na4P2O7-Cu量随着加入铜量的增加而增加,占其全铜比例的15%~25%;粪肥中锌含量增加对NaOH-Na4P2O7-Cu有促进作用.粪肥添加铜锌后,3种浸提剂提取的可溶性腐殖质结合态铜有55%~80%分配在NaOH的溶液中,10%~30%分配在NaOH-Na4P2O7碱性混合液中,0~10%在水溶液中;随加入铜含量和锌含量的增加,NaOH-Na4P2O7-Cu平均分配比(占3种町浸提性腐殖质-Cu的比例)增加,NaOH-Cu和H2O-Cu的分配比减少.相关性分析结果表明:H2O-Cu、NaOH-Cu和NaOH-Na4P2O7-Cu之间显著正相关,它们与有效铜之间呈显著正相关关系(p<0.01).  相似文献
6.
采用膜-序批式生物反应器处理生活污水,在不排泥条件下考察了系统连续运行的稳定性。结果表明在气水比为35∶1、运行周期为5.75h时,系统出水稳定,COD_(Cr)、氨氮和浊度平均去除率分别为89.8%、99.3%、99.6%;膜自身的平均去除率分别为10.2%、0.1%、9.5%。膜分离过程强化了系统处理效果;膜操作压力(TMP)上升缓慢,出水水质优于生活杂用水水质标准。  相似文献
7.
To investigate the nitrogen transport and conversion inside activated sludge flocs, micro-profiles of O2, NH4+, NO2, NO3, and pH were measured under different operating conditions. The flocs were obtained from a laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactor. Nitrification, as observed from interfacial ammonium and nitrate fluxes, was higher at pH 8.5, than at pH 6.5 and 7.5. At pH 8.5, heterotrophic bacteria used less oxygen than nitrifying bacteria, whereas at lower pH heterotrophic activity dominated. When the ratio of C to N was decreased from 20 to 10, the ammonium uptake increased. When dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the bulk liquid was decreased from 4 to 2 mg·L−1, nitrification decreased, and only 25% of the DO influx into the flocs was used for nitrification. This study indicated that nitrifying bacteria became more competitive at a higher DO concentration, a higher pH value (approximately 8.5) and a lower C/N.  相似文献
8.
介绍了预焙阳极生产过程中废气产生的主要工段——原料破碎、石油焦煅烧、煅后料冷却、配料、混捏成型、阳极焙烧,主要废气污染物为粉尘、煅烧废气、沥青烟气。结合国内外现有的烟气治理措施,详细评述了现有的废气的治理技术及存在的问题。同时,针对沥青烟气产生的不同工段,提出采用不同净化处理措施。  相似文献
9.
涪陵国家级页岩气示范区取得重大突破对中国页岩气行业产生了重大影响,但开发过程中的环境风险也不容忽视,主要包括:钻井液漏失、废水污染物、固体废物等.对此,涪陵示范区创新环境管理模式,通过构建完善的环境管理体系、优化井场选址、强化井场标准化建设、细化污染防治措施、开展环境监理工作、强化日常环境监测、加强新技术研究与应用等手段,有效的控制了页岩气开发过程中的环境风险,较好的保护了当地的环境,具有很好的示范和推广作用.  相似文献
10.
To clarify the e ects of molecular weight of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the toxicity and bioavailability of copper (Cu) to plants, DOM extracted from chicken manure was ultra-filtered into four fractions according to their molecular weights by means of sequential-stage ultrafiltration technique. Lettuce seeds were germinated by being exposed to the solutions containing Cu2+ with or without di erent fractions of DOM. The concentration of copper in roots, leaves, sprouts and the length of roots were investigated. The results showed that not all fractions of DOM could improve copper availability or toxicity. The fraction of DOM with larger molecular weight more than 1 kDa had higher complexation stability with Cu2+ and caused lower concentration of free Cu2+ ion in the solution of copper plus the fraction, resulting in lower availability and toxicity of copper to lettuce, but the fraction with molecular weight less than 1 kDa had the opposite function. Therefore, the molecular weight of 1 kDa may be the division point to determine DOM to increase or decrease copper availability and toxicity.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号