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Bauxite residue is a highly alkaline byproduct which is routinely discarded at residue disposal areas. Improving soil formation process to revegetate the special degraded lands is a promising strategy for sustainable management of the refining industry. A laboratory incubation experiment was used to evaluate the effects of gypsum and vermicompost on stable aggregate formation of bauxite residue. Aggregate size distribution was quantified by fractal theory, whilst residue microstructure was determined by scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron-based X-ray micro-computed tomography. Amendments addition increased the content of macro-aggregates( 250 μm) and enhanced aggregate stability of bauxite residue. Following gypsum and vermicompost addition, fractal dimension decreased from 2.84 to 2.77, which indicated a more homogeneous distribution of aggregate particles. Images from scanning electron microscopy and three-dimensional microstructure demonstrated that amendments stimulate the formation of improved structure in residue aggregates. Pore parameters including porosity, pore throat surface area, path length, and path tortuosity increased under amendment additions. Changes in aggregate size distribution and microstructure of bauxite residue indicated that additions of gypsum and vermicompost were beneficial to physical condition of bauxite residue which may enhance the ease of vegetation.  相似文献
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A column leaching experiment was used to investigate the efficacy of amendments on their ability to remove alkaline anions and metal ions from bauxite residue leachates. Treatments included, simulated acid rain(AR), phosphogypsum + vermicompost(PVC), phosphogypsum +vermicompost + simulated acid rain(PVA), and biosolids + microorganisms(BSM) together with controls(CK). Results indicated that amendment could effectively reduce the leachate pH and EC values, neutralize OH~-, CO_3~(2-), HCO_3~-, and water soluble alkali, and suppress arsenic(As)content. Correlation analysis revealed significant linear correlations with pH and concentrations of OH~-, CO_3~(2-), HCO_3~-, water-soluble alkali, and metal ions. BSM treatment showed optimum results with neutralizing anions(OH~-, CO_3~(2-), and HCO_3~-), water soluble alkali, and removal of metal ions(Al, As, B, Mo, V, and Na), which was attributed to neutralization from the generation of small molecular organic acids and organic matter during microbial metabolism. BSM treatment reduced alkaline anions and metal ions based on neutralization reactions in bauxite residue leachate, which reduced the potential pollution effects from leachates on the soil surrounding bauxite residue disposal areas.  相似文献
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