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The characteristics of anaerobic phosphorus release and anoxic phosphorus uptake were investigated in sequencing batch reactors using denitrifying phosphorus removing bacteria (DPB) sludge. The lab-scale experiments were accomplished under conditions of various nitrite concentrations (5.5, 9.5, and 15 mg/L) and mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) (1844, 3231, and 6730 mg/L). The results obtained confirmed that nitrite, MLSS, and pH were key factors, which had a significant impact on anaerobic phosphorus release and anoxic phosphorus uptake in the biological phosphorous removal process. The nitrites were able to successfully act as electron acceptors for phosphorous uptake at a limited concentration between 5.5 and 9.5 mg/L. The denitrification and dephosphorous were inhibited when the nitrite concentration reached 15 mg/L. This observation indicated that the nitrite would not inhibit phosphorus uptake before it exceeded a threshold concentration. It was assumed that an increase of MLSS concentration from 1844 mg/L to 6730 mg/L led to the increase of denitrification and anoxic P-uptake rate. On the contrary, the average P-uptake/N denitrifying reduced from 2.10 to 1.57 mg PO4^3--P/mg NO3^--N. Therefore, it could be concluded that increasing MLSS of the DEPHANOX system might shorten the reaction time of phosphorus release and anoxic phosphorus uptake. However, excessive MLSS might reduce the specific denitrifying rate. Meanwhile, a rapid pH increase occurred at the beginning of the anoxic conditions as a result of denitrification and anoxic phosphate uptake. Anaerobic P release rate increased with an increase in pH. Moreover, when pH exceeded a relatively high value of 8.0, the dissolved P concentration decreased in the liquid phase, because of chemical precipitation. This observation suggested that pH should be strictly controlled below 8.0 to avoid chemical precipitation if the biological denitrifying phosphorus removal capability is to be studied accurately.  相似文献
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不同厌氧环境下土著微生物对沉积物砷释放的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为查明土著微生物在氮气和甲烷2种厌氧环境中对沉积物中砷释放的影响,采用河套平原高砷含水沉积物中分离纯化的一株耐砷细菌YH001进行了微宇宙实验。实验结果表明:在氮气环境中,pH值最低降到7.0,溶液中铁的质量浓度不断增加,并在第14天达到最大值8.17 mg/L,砷的质量浓度最高达到64μg/L。在甲烷环境中,pH值最低降到7.5,溶液中铁的质量浓度呈下降趋势,砷的质量浓度最高达到84.8μg/L。在不同的厌氧环境中,砷的释放趋势一致,但控制砷的释放过程有所不同。在氮气环境中,微生物将铁氧化物还原的同时能将砷释放出来。在甲烷环境中,未发现铁从沉积物中释放出来。  相似文献
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碳钢的厌氧菌腐蚀电化学过程   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
通过电化学试验,研究了碳钢在厌氧的硫酸盐还原茵环境中的腐蚀过程.结果表明:碳钢的腐蚀过程主要由阴极极化控制.从理论上计算出阴极极化控制程度高达95%.  相似文献
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活性污泥厌氧Fe(Ⅲ)还原氨氧化现象初探   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
李祥  林兴  杨朋兵  黄勇  刘恒蔚 《环境科学》2016,37(8):3114-3119
采用常规化学分析和微生物群落变性梯度凝胶电泳(DGGE)监测技术,探究了厌氧条件下活性污泥中Fe(Ⅲ)还原氨氧化(Feammox)反应的存在及微生物群落动态响应. 结果表明,当反应器运行至第24 d时NH4+发生转化,同时检测到NO3-和Fe(Ⅱ)的生成,表明活性污泥中存在着Fe(Ⅲ)还原NH4+氧化反应,产物主要为NO3-和Fe(Ⅱ),并伴随少量N2生成. 经过84 d培养,氨氮最大转化量达29.85 mg·L-1,转化率为59.7%,出水NO3-最高值达24.56 mg·L-1. 活性污泥中Feammox为产酸过程,体系中pH值下降. 整个培养过程中微生物群落条带分布发生变化,参与活性污泥中Feammox反应的部分群落在培养过程获得保留,部分优势菌群获得富集.  相似文献
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The productivity and e ciency of cellulase are significant in cellulose hydrolysis. With the accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), the pH value in anaerobic digestion system is reduced. Therefore, this study will find out how the pH and the amount of acetate influence the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. The e ects of pH and acetate on cellulase produced from Bacillus coagulans were studied at various pH 5–8, and acetate concentrations (0–60 mmol/L). A batch kinetic model for enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis was constructed from experimental data and performed. The base hypothesis was as follows: the rates of enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis rely on pH and acetate concentration. The results showed that the suitable pH range for cellulase production and cellulose hydrolysis (represents e ciency of cellulase) was 2.6–7.5, and 5.3–8.3, respectively. Moreover, acetate in the culture medium had an e ect on cellulase production (KI = 49.50 mmol/L, n = 1.7) less than cellulose hydrolysis (KI = 37.85 mmol/L, n = 2.0). The results indicated that both the pH of suspension and acidogenic products influence the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose in an anaerobic environment. To enhance the cellulose hydrolysis rate, the accumulated acetate concentration should be lower than 25 mmol/L, and pH should be maintained at 7.  相似文献
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