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1.
MODIS aerosol retrievals onboard Terra/Aqua and ground truth data obtained from AERONET(Aerosol Robtic Network) solar direct radiance measurements are collocated to evaluate the quality of the former in East Asia. AERONET stations in East Asia are separated into two groups according to their locations and the preliminary validation results for each station. The validation results showed that the accuracy of MODIS aerosol retrievals in East Asia is a little worse than that obtained in other regions such as Eastern U.S., Western Europe, Brazil and so on. The primary reason is due to the improper aerosol model used in MODIS aerosol retrieval algorithm, so it is of significance to characterize aerosol properties properly according to long term ground-based remote sensing or other relevant in situ observations in order to improve MODIS retrievals in East Asia. Cloud contamination is proved to be one of large errors, which is demonstrated by the significant relation between MODIS aerosol retrievals versus cloud fraction, as well as notable improvement of linear relation between satellite and ground aerosol data after potential cloud contamination screened. Hence, it is suggested that more stringent clear sky condition be set in use of MODIS aerosol data. It should be pointed out that the improvement might be offset by other error sources in some cases because of complex relation between different errors. Large seasonal variation of surface reflection and uncertainties associated with it result in large intercepts and random error in MODIS aerosol retrievals in northern inland of East Asia. It remains to be a big problem to retrieve aerosols accurately in inland characterized by relatively larger surface reflection than the requirement in MODIS aerosol retrieval algorithm.  相似文献
2.
分析了MODIS C006 3 km卫星遥感气溶胶产品的算法流程,并与AERONET观测数据进行对比验证,综合新疆阿克苏地区地面空气子站1年的颗粒物质量浓度(PM10)、环境气象资料(能见度、湿度等),评估了该高分辨率气溶胶产品的精度和稳定性.分析表明,MODIS 3 km AOD与AERONET地基AOD(Issyk-Kul)的相关系数(r)达到0.8836,满足期望误差要求,但存在高估;研究区AOD和PM10存在同步变化趋势,新疆阿克苏市区2个空气子站PM10质量浓度与AOD的相关系数(r)均大于0.55,直接对比的相关性好于类似研究;经高度订正和湿度订正后AOD-PM10的相关系数和拟合优度均有所提高,标准误差和变异系数均下降,但提升并不明显.这一相关性结果与研究区本底气象环境条件有关.MODIS 3 km AOD的季平均结果表明,阿克苏地区AOD存在显著的季节性变化,春季明显高于其他季节,主要城市春季平均AOD在1.5以上,夏季和秋季AOD均值基本介于0.6~0.7之间,阿克苏市主城区夏秋季AOD季均值仍在1.0以上,反映人口集聚、城市交通工业发展等大气人为污染的增加导致AOD的增高.结果表明,MODIS C006 3 km AOD产品质量稳定,其月、季平均等长时间尺度结果有更好的空间覆盖,可满足区域环境空气质量评估的需要.  相似文献
3.
基于A-train卫星对中国北方地区气溶胶分布的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
利用A-train(CALIPSO和MODIS-Aqua)卫星的数据资料,对比分析了中国北方地区(分为3个部分西部-W区,中部-M区和东部-E区)2007年1月~2010年10月AOD的年平均和季节平均分布特征,结果发现:MODIS-Aqua的卫星资料在我国北方地区区域基本具有适用性;MODIS和CALIPSO卫星反演的AOD年平均分布特征基本一致,AOD的高值区分布在南疆盆地(主要受沙尘气溶胶的影响)和地势较低的华北平原地区;MODIS和CALIPSO卫星反演的北方地区AOD季节平均分布的结果基本一致:W区AOD的高值区在季节上分布特征是:春季最高,夏季次之,秋季最小,冬季又慢慢增大;E区AOD的高值区的分布特征是:夏季最大,春季次之,秋冬季最小.  相似文献
4.
利用AERONET观测网数据,结合MODIS(中分辨率成像光谱仪)及Himawari-8(新一代地球同步气象卫星)的气溶胶产品分析了亚洲41个站点2015—2016年细模态气溶胶光学特性.结果表明,MODIS和Himawari-8反演气溶胶细模态比例(FMF)及细模态气溶胶光学厚度(fAOD)落在误差区间EE(期望误差)内的比例均不超过80%,其中8个典型站点则不超过50%,总体上MODIS要优于Himawari-8,但与AERONET地基观测资料相比还存在一定的误差.因此,需要进一步研究反演方法,提升地表反射率的确定精度,从而提高卫星遥感反演精度.通过季节平均的比较,发现春、夏、秋、冬四季MODIS和Himawari-8的反演值均有所低估,MODIS fAOD各季节平均偏差相对较小.Himawari-8 FMF秋季在Dhaka_University站的平均偏差较大,MODIS FMF春、冬季的平均偏差最大值相对较大,夏、秋季则相对较小;对于同一站点在相同季节均为Himawari-8 fAOD偏差较大,并且MODIS fAOD各季节的平均偏差最大值均小于Himawari-8 fAOD的偏差值.同时,利用卫星观测分析了亚洲地区FMF和fAOD年均及季节平均分布特征,发现MODIS和Himawari-8 FMF年均分布高值区主要位于华北平原、东北平原、四川盆地和中南半岛,MODIS fAOD年均分布高值区主要位于中南半岛,Himawari-8 fAOD年均值则普遍较低.MODIS FMF和fAOD季节平均分布呈现出夏秋高、春冬低的趋势,Himawari-8 FMF和fAOD季节平均分布则呈现出春秋高、夏冬低的特征,高值区的位置和量值均有明显的季节变化.  相似文献
5.
近年来对PM_(2.5)估算的研究大多是从卫星遥感的气溶胶光学厚度出发,而从气溶胶粒子谱本身出发的研究较少.基于此,本文提出一种新方法,利用2016—2017年AERONRT北京、香河、徐州和太湖4个站点的气溶胶粒径分布数据估算了近地面PM_(2.5)质量浓度,经标高订正和湿度订正后用地面监测数据对估算结果进行评价检验.结果表明:①估算的2016—2017年PM_(2.5)日均值和地面实测数据的拟合度R~2分别为北京0.42、香河0.31、徐州0.05和太湖0.49,经标高订正和湿度订正后分别提升至0.69(RMSE=39.33μg·cm~(-3))、0.79(RMSE=35.36μg·cm~(-3))、0.49(RMSE=32.93μg·cm~(-3))和0.75(RMSE=15.24μg·cm~(-3));②将估算的PM_(2.5)季均值与地面实测季均值进行对比分析,结果也显示二者基本相当,同时基于该方法估算了2006—2017年北京和香河地区PM_(2.5)年均值,分析了其变化趋势.由此可见,基于AERONET的粒子谱数据能够较好地估算近地面PM_(2.5)质量浓度,并且可以利用该方法估算PM_(2.5)历史数据,分析变化趋势.  相似文献
6.
赵仕伟  高晓清 《环境科学》2017,38(7):2637-2646
通过与AERONET太阳光度计站点数据进行对比验证,确认了MODIS C6 AOD融合产品在西北地区的适用性.利用2006~2015年MODIS/AQUA C6 MYD08-M3产品分析中国西北地区气溶胶光学厚度的时空变化特征和形成原因.结果表明:1从空间分布特征来看,塔里木盆地和关中盆地是高值区,青海南部、甘肃西南部是低值区;准噶尔盆地是前后5年年均AOD对比增量区,柴达木盆地和河套地区是对比减量区.2从时间变化特征来看,近10年西北地区年均AOD变化范围为0.18~0.22, 2011年起呈缓慢下降趋势,平均年降幅约为0.32%;南疆地区呈现较为明显的年际变化特征,与沙尘天气强弱、频次的年份分布直接相关;东部地区在2011~2015年,下降趋势显著,平均年降幅达到1.1%;北疆和青藏地区年均AOD整体保持平稳;西北地区不同区域AOD季节变化均呈现从春季至秋季逐步下降,冬季再次回升的相同关系.  相似文献
7.
本文以京津冀为研究区,对该地区的大气气溶胶光学厚度的分布及变化进行分析.利用AERONET地基观测的气溶胶光学厚度(AOD)数据,对最新发布的MODIS/Aqua C6.1 3 km AOD产品在京津冀地区的适用性进行验证,并将3 km产品与MODIS/Aqua C6.1 10 km产品进行对比.分析结果表明:MODIS 3 km AOD产品比AERONET地基AOD的相关性高,相关系数达到了0.95;与MODIS 10 km AOD产品相比,其下垫面为城市地区的反演精度低;在时空分布上,MODIS 3 km AOD产品更好的呈现了气溶胶梯度变化,季平均结果中,四季3 km AOD值都略高于10 km产品.以上结论可为MODIS 3 km AOD产品在京津冀地区的使用提供了借鉴与参考.  相似文献
8.
贺欣  陆春松  朱君 《环境科学学报》2020,40(11):4070-4080
利用AERONET网站中国地区各区域多个站点长期的观测数据,通过各类气溶胶光学特性的差异(Extinction Angstrom Exponent,EAE;Single Scattering Albedo,SSA)将中国地区华北区域北京、香河站点,华东区域太湖站点,华南区域香港站点,西北区域SACOL站点气溶胶进行分类分析其气溶胶占比特征及年际变化,并进一步研究不同地区各类气溶胶光学及辐射特性差异.研究结果表明,不同地区各类气溶胶占比特征显著,华北区域北京、香河站点混合吸收型气溶胶Type5占比最多,分别占比35%、31%;其次为城市/工业型气溶胶Type3和Type4;华东区域以Type3、Type4和Type5三类气溶胶为主,分别占比32%、26%、25%;华南区域Type3、Type4气溶胶占比最为突出,占比分别达到46%、21%.西北区域Type5占比高达45%,出现高达34%的沙尘型气溶胶Type7.以不同地区各类气溶胶占比特征为基础,不同气溶胶的年际变化趋势差异较大.不同地区各类气溶胶光学特性参数(AOD(Aerosol Optical Depth)、EAE、SSA)年变化特征表明,华北、华东区域AOD减少、EAE变化小、SSA增大;华南区域整体AOD增大,但近年来AOD显著减少、EAE变化小、SSA增大;西北区域AOD增大、EAE增大、SSA减少,即除了西北区域外,其余区域环境空气质量逐渐好转,粒子尺度变化较小,吸收能力下降.地表气溶胶直接辐射强迫效率(ARFE-BOA)结果显示,除华东区域太湖站点外,Type1对地表的降温冷却作用最大,绝对值均大于210 W·m-2,其次为Type2,即吸收型粒子对地表的贡献大于散射型粒子;关于ARFE-TOA的平均特征,Type4或Type7对大气顶的降温冷却作用最强,而各类气溶胶对大气层的加热作用与ARFE-BOA的平均特征类似,吸收型细粒子对大气层的加热作用较强.  相似文献
9.
This study presents detailed analysis of spatiotemporal variations and trend of dust optical properties i.e., Aerosol Optical Depth(AOD) and Angstrom component over Asian desert regions using thirteen years of data(i.e., 2001–2013) retrieved from Aerosol Robotic Network(AERONET), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS) and Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer(MISR). These regions include Solar Village, Dunhuang and Dalangzadgad and are considered as origin of desert aerosols in Asia. Mann–Kendall trend test was used to show the trend of AOD. The relationship of AOD with weather parameters and general AOD trend over different wavelengths has also been shown. AOD's trend has been observed significant throughout the year in Solar Village, while in Dunhuang and Dalanzadgad the significant trend has been found only in peak period(March–June).Analysis show high values of AOD and low values of angstrom in Solar Village during peak period. In Chinese desert regions, high values of AOD have been found during peak period and low values in pre-peak period. Significant relationship has been observed between AOD and average temperature in Solar Village and Dalanzadgad whereas rainfall and wind speed showed no significant impact on AOD in all desert regions.  相似文献
10.
A bias in clear-sky conditions that will be involved in estimating particulate matter (PM) concentration from aerosol optical depth (AOD) was examined using PM10 from two Aerosol Robotic Network sites in Korea. The study periods were between 2004 and 2007 at Anmyon and between 2003 and 2011 at Gosan, when both PM10 and AOD were available. Mean PM10 when AOD was available (PMAOD) was higher than that from all PM10 data (PMall) by 5.1 and 9.9 μg/m3 at Anmyon and Gosan, which accounted for 11% and 26% of PMall, respectively. Because of a difference between mean PM10 under daytime clear-sky conditions (PMclear) and PMAOD, the variations in ΔPM10, the difference of PMall from PMclear rather than from PMAOD, were investigated. Although monthly variations in ΔPM10 at the two sites were different, they were positively correlated to those in ΔT, similarly defined as ΔPM10 except for temperature, at both sites. ΔPM10 at Anmyon decreased to a negative value in January due to an influence of the Siberian continental high-pressure system while ΔPM10 at Gosan was high in winter due to an effect of photochemical production at higher temperatures than at Anmyon.  相似文献
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