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为了解我国商品农药三氯杀螨醇是否具有明显的雌激素活性,利用整体给药方式检测了不同剂量三氯杀螨醇对未成熟小鼠子宫的作用。结果表明,较低剂量的三氯杀螨醇未使小鼠子明显增重,当剂量增加到4mg和8mg时,子宫重量明显增加,与对照组结果相比 ,有显著差异。  相似文献
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南海北部沿岸海域近江牡蛎体中的三氯杀螨醇   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
在南海北部沿岸23个观测站,于2008~2010每年春季分别采集成体近江牡蛎(Crassostrea rivularis),取其软组织进行均质,有机溶剂超声萃取,浓硫酸净化,硅土/氧化铝柱层析,然后用气相色谱法测定其中三氯杀螨醇(DCF)。测定结果(10-9,湿重)显示:DCF含量在65.2%样本中低于检出限,在其余样本中为0.244~4.42,明显低于发达国家的最大残留限量和国际组织的容许摄入量。牡蛎体中DCF的区域平均含量在北部湾顶明显较高(1.41),在粤西(0.278)和海南岛(0.199)相对较低,在珠江口(0.769)高于总体平均含量(0.547),在粤东为0.466。牡蛎体DCF含量的年际变化明显,总体在2009年(0.778)明显高于2010年(0.489)和2008年(0.373),在不同区域、不同测站的年际变化大小不一。  相似文献
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滴滴涕是《关于持久性有机污染物(POPs)的斯德哥尔摩公约》中首批受控物质。本文调查了国内传统三氯杀螨醇生产工艺情况,分析了生产过程和产品使用过程中滴滴涕环境排放途径及环境风险,结合公约中有关滴滴涕风险控制的相关要求,分析了有限场地封闭体系三氯杀螨醇生产的基本要素,提出了生产过程中的环境排放限值建议,明确了控制环境排放和环境风险的有效途径。为相关生产企业开展技术改造和实施自我考核以及相关部门开展监督管理工作提供建议。  相似文献
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A new technique whereby cellulase immobilized on aminated silica was applied to catalyze the degradation of dicofol, an organochlorine pesticide. In order to evaluate the performance of free and immobilized cellulase, experiments were carried out to measure the degradation efficiency. The Michaelis constant, Km, of the reaction catalyzed by immobilized cellulase was 9.16 mg/L, and the maximum reaction rate, Vmax, was 0.40 mg/L/min, while that of free cellulase was Km = 8.18 mg/L, and Vmax = 0.79 mg/L/min, respectively. The kinetic constants of catalytic degradation were calculated to estimate substrate affinity. Considering that metal ions may affect enzyme activity, the effects of different metal ions on the catalytic degradation efficiency were explored. The results showed that the substrate affinity decreased after immobilization. Monovalent metal ions had no effect on the reaction, while divalent metal ions had either positive or inhibitory effects, including activation by Mn2 +, reversible competition with Cd2 +, and irreversible inhibition by Pb2 +. Ca2 + promoted the catalytic degradation of dicofol at low concentrations, but inhibited it at high concentrations. Compared with free cellulase, immobilized cellulase was affected less by metal ions. This work provided a basis for further studies on the co-occurrence of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and heavy metal ions in the environment.  相似文献
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It remains unclear whether dicofol should be defined as a persistent organic pollutant. Its environmental persistence has gained attention. This study focused on its degradation by cellulase. Cellulase was separated using a gel chromatogram, and its degradation activity towards dicofol involved its endoglucanase activity. By analyzing the kinetic parameters of cellulase reacting with mixed substrates, it was shown that cellulase reacted on dicofol and carboxyl methyl cellulose through two different active centers. Thus, the degradation of dicofol was shown to be an oxidative process by cellulase. Next, by comparing the impacts of tert-butyl alcohol (a typical OH free-radical inhibitor) on the removal efficiencies of dicofol under both cellulase and Fenton reagent systems, it was shown that the removal of dicofol was initiated by OH free radicals produced by cellulase. Finally, 4,4′-dichloro-dibenzophenone and chloride were detected using gas chromatography mass spectrometry and ion chromatography analysis, which supported our hypothesis. The reaction mechanism was analyzed and involved an attack by OH free radicals at the orthocarbon of dicofol, resulting in the degradation product 4,4′-dichloro-dibenzophenone.  相似文献
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