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分子印迹技术在环境监测领域的研究进展   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
分子印迹技术是近年来集高分子合成、分子设计、分子识别、仿生生物工程等众多学科优势发展起来的一门边缘学科分支。分子印迹聚合物(Molecular Imprinting Polymers,MIPs)是由模板分子、功能单体及交联剂共聚而成。以此为原理的分离和检测方法日益增多。综述了印迹技术的发展,特别介绍了MIPs在痕量有机污染物分析中的应用和发展前景,并对目前存在的问题进行了探讨。  相似文献
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刚果红分子印迹聚合物纳米微球的合成及吸附性能   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
本研究以刚果红为模板分子,α-甲基丙烯酸(MAA)为功能单体,二甲基丙烯酸乙二醇酯(EGDMA)为交联剂,乙腈为致孔剂,2,2-偶氮二异丁腈(AIBN)为引发剂,采用沉淀聚合法制备了刚果红分子印迹聚合物纳米微球(MIP)。通过扫描﹑透射电镜对聚合物的结构和形貌进行了表征,结果显示制备的 MIP 微球的粒径在90 nm 左右,粒径较为均匀。利用氮气吸附脱附实验测定了聚合物颗粒的比表面积和孔容。并对诸多吸附影响因素以及分子印迹聚合物的吸附能力﹑选择性和重复利用率进行了分析。结果表明,MIP 对刚果红表现出较好的选择性识别能力,可多次循环使用,能用于染料废水中刚果红的选择性吸附。  相似文献
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熊振湖  朱乐 《环境科学学报》2013,33(5):1264-1271
通过羧化、酰氯化、酰胺化反应在多壁碳纳米管(MWCNTs)表面引入不饱和侧链(-CH=CH2),然后以双酚A(BPA)为模板分子,4-乙烯吡啶(4-VP)为功能单体,乙二醇二甲基丙烯酸酯(EGDMA)为交联剂,在MWCNTs-CH=CH2表面制备一种新型的分子印迹聚合物纳米材料.采用扫描电镜、傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)、热重分析对制备吸附剂(MWCNTs@BPA-MIPs)的结构与形态进行了表征且证实有一层稳定的分子印迹聚合物(MIPs)接枝在MWCNTs的表面通过平衡结合实验与斯卡查德(Scatchard)分析证实了印迹聚合物的吸附性质.结果证实,BPA的吸附容量高达123.8 mg·g-1,而且与模板分子BPA的类似物双酚C(BPC)和邻硝基酚(o-NP)比较,MWCNTs@BPA-MIPs对BPA具有更好的选择性和更快的吸附动力学特性.  相似文献
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以对苯二胺为模板分子,甲基丙烯酸为功能单体,在甲醇水体系中制备了分子印迹聚合物,通过高效液相色谱评价,该聚合物固定相表现出良好的分离选择性,能够对苯二胺与其结构类似物-对氨基苯甲酸,有较好的分离效果。通过对流动相中水含量与色谱分离效果关系的探讨,结果表明,溶质与印迹固定相的疏水作用是分子识别中的主要作用力。  相似文献
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Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), as a potential persistent organic pollutant, has been widely detected in water environments, and has become a great concern in recent years. PFOS is very stable and difficult to decompose using conventional techniques. Sorption may be an attractive method to remove it from water. In this study, the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) adsorbents were prepared through the polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine under different preparation conditions in order to remove perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) from water. The MIP adsorbents using perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) as the template had good imprinting effects and could selectively remove PFOS from aqueous solution. The sorption behaviors including sorption kinetics, isotherms, and effect of pH, salt, and competitive anions were investigated. Experimental results showed that the sorption of PFOS on the MIP adsorbents was very fast, pH-dependent, and highly selective. The achieved fast sorption equilibrium within 1 h was attributed to the surface sorption on the fine adsorbents. The sorption isotherms showed that the sorption selectivity of PFOS on the MIP adsorbents decreased at high PFOS concentrations, which may be due to the double-layer sorption and the formation of PFOS micelles on the sorbent surface. The sorption of PFOS on the MIP adsorbents was mainly dominated by the electrostatic interaction between the protonated vinylpyridine on the adsorbent surface and the anionic PFOS. The prepared MIP adsorbents can potentially be applied in water and wastewater treatment for selective removal of PFOS.  相似文献
6.
Natural organic matter(NOM), present in natural waters and wastewater, decreases adsorption of micropollutants, increasing treatment costs. This research investigated mechanisms of competition for non-imprinted polymers(NIPs) and activated carbon with humic acid and wastewater. Three different types of activated carbons(Norit PAC 200,Darco KB-M, and Darco S-51) were used for comparison with the NIP. The lower surface area and micropore to mesopore ratio of the NIP led to decreased adsorption capacity in comparison to the activated carbons. In addition, experiments were conducted for single-solute adsorption of Methylene Blue(MB) dye, simultaneous adsorption with humic acid and wastewater, and pre-loading with humic acid and wastewater followed by adsorption of MB dye using NIP and Norit PAC 200. Both the NIP and PAC 200 showed significant decreases of 27% for NIP(p = 0.087) and 29% for PAC 200(p = 0.096) during simultaneous exposure to humic acid and MB dye. There was no corresponding decrease for NIP or PAC 200 pre-loaded with humic acid and then exposed to MB. In fact, for PAC 200, the adsorption capacity of the activated carbon increased when it was pre-loaded with humic acid by 39%(p = 0.0005). For wastewater, the NIP showed no significant increase or decrease in adsorption capacity during either simultaneous exposure or pre-loading. The adsorption capacity of PAC 200 increased by 40%(p = 0.001) for simultaneous exposure to wastewater and MB. Pre-loading with wastewater had no effect on MB adsorption by PAC 200.  相似文献
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