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Fenton改性多壁碳纳米管对亚甲基蓝的吸附性能研究   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
崔春月  马东  郑庆柱 《中国环境科学》2011,31(12):1972-1976
通过催化裂解法制备多壁碳纳米管,利用Fenton试剂对多壁碳纳米管改性,研究了Fenton改性对多壁碳纳米管表面物理化学特性的影响和对亚甲基蓝的吸附特性.投射电镜(TEM)、比表面积(BET)分析表明,Fenton改性多壁碳纳米管纯度高,孔隙均匀,外径为30nm左右,比表面积为120m2/g;且表面引入了大量含氧基团,等电点为1.8.未改性和Fenton改性多壁碳纳米管对亚甲基蓝的吸附动力学均符合Langergren模型,其平衡吸附量分别为24.5,36.4mg/g;吸附等温线均符合Freundlich模型,未改性和Fenton改性多壁碳纳米管的kF分别为7.92和25.37;温度和pH值升高均有利于Fenton改性多壁碳纳米管对亚甲基蓝的吸附.  相似文献
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双信号细胞电化学法检测氯酚类的毒性   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
以多壁碳纳米管和离子液体复合修饰电极(MWCNTs-IL/GCE)为工作电极,运用线性扫描伏安法(LSV)研究了人乳腺癌(MCF-7)细胞的电化学行为,检测到了2个明显的氧化峰,其氧化峰电位分别为0.725 V和1.038 V.结合4种嘌呤碱基与模型细胞的电化学行为比较与高效液相色谱分析,确定细胞的电化学响应来源分别为细胞质中黄嘌呤与鸟嘌呤、次黄嘌呤与腺嘌呤的电化学氧化.基于2个响应信号峰电流的变化,研究了五氯酚(PCP)、2,4,6-三氯酚(TCP)和2,4-二氯酚(DCP)对MCF-7细胞的毒性效应,根据剂量-效应关系曲线计算半数抑制效应浓度(IC50)值,并与四甲基偶氮唑盐(MTT)比色法进行比较.结果发现,氯酚类污染物对MCF-7细胞活性有明显抑制作用,细胞电化学法与MTT法测得细胞毒性顺序均为:PCP > TCP > DCP,表明细胞电化学法可以快速、准确地评价氯酚类污染物的细胞毒性.该研究结果可从核苷酸代谢角度为危害化学品的安全无标记、准确客观的毒性评价方法建立提供新思路.  相似文献
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熊振湖  朱乐 《环境科学学报》2013,33(5):1264-1271
通过羧化、酰氯化、酰胺化反应在多壁碳纳米管(MWCNTs)表面引入不饱和侧链(-CH=CH2),然后以双酚A(BPA)为模板分子,4-乙烯吡啶(4-VP)为功能单体,乙二醇二甲基丙烯酸酯(EGDMA)为交联剂,在MWCNTs-CH=CH2表面制备一种新型的分子印迹聚合物纳米材料.采用扫描电镜、傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)、热重分析对制备吸附剂(MWCNTs@BPA-MIPs)的结构与形态进行了表征且证实有一层稳定的分子印迹聚合物(MIPs)接枝在MWCNTs的表面通过平衡结合实验与斯卡查德(Scatchard)分析证实了印迹聚合物的吸附性质.结果证实,BPA的吸附容量高达123.8 mg·g-1,而且与模板分子BPA的类似物双酚C(BPC)和邻硝基酚(o-NP)比较,MWCNTs@BPA-MIPs对BPA具有更好的选择性和更快的吸附动力学特性.  相似文献
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文章制备了多壁碳纳米管修饰电极(MWCNT-ME)并考察了其对焦化废水中难降解有机物的电催化性能。对MWCNT-ME的表面形貌、有机污染物吸附性能及苯胺和苯酚单项污染物电化学特性进行初步表征分析,在此基础上结合气质联用(GC/MS)检测和COD检测分析对比了MWCNT-ME与IrSnSb金属电极对焦化废水中难降解有机污染物的电化学降解能力。MWCNT-ME对于苯胺和苯酚单项污染物有高的电化学反应活性;MWCNT-ME与粉体吸附介质比较表现出较低的吸附活性,电化学降解是MWCNT-ME处理废水时有机污染物浓度降低的主要因素;在相同工作条件下,MWCNT-ME降解焦化废水中难降解有机物的COD降解效率的高于IrSnSb电极,具有降解焦化废水中难降解有机物的应用潜力。  相似文献
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碳纳米管作为新型碳材料,具有独特的一维管状的微结构特性,使它具有优异的吸附性能,近几年受到研究者的高度重视。文章采用催化裂解法制备多壁碳纳米管,先经空气纯化,再以浓硝酸-浓硫酸氧化,将其用于处理水中难降解多氯代有机物-五氯苯酚。经透射电镜和比表面积分析表明,碳纳米管纯度高,孔隙均匀,内径为30nm左右,比表面积为150m2/g。考察碳纳米管对五氯苯酚的吸附性能和主要影响因素结果表明:碳纳米管对五氯苯酚吸附平衡时间为1h,是活性炭的1/10,吸附速率常数为0.0994min-1;吸附等温线符合Freundlich型;随着温度的升高,碳纳米管对五氯苯酚的吸附量减小;pH在4~10时随pH增加碳纳米管对五氯苯酚的吸附降低,pH大于10之后又上升,存在最低吸附量的pH值。  相似文献
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Thiosemicarbazide-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes were prepared and employed to investigate the pre-concentration of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) from aqueous solution prior to their determination by ICP-OES. The resulting material was characterized by FT-IR, TGA and SEM. Various factors influencing the separation and pre-concentration were investigated. The enrichment factor typically is 60. Under optimized experimental conditions, the maximum adsorption capacities of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) were found to be 1.98, 10.94, 3.69 mg/g, and the relative standard deviations are 〈 3.5% (n = 6). The new adsorbent shows superior reusability and stability. The procedure was successfully applied to the determination of trace quantities of Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) in water samples.  相似文献
7.
Synthesised triphenylphosphine-linked multiwalled carbon nanotubes (Tpp-MWCNTs) were used to study the adsorption of nickel in aqueous solutions and their adsorption capabilities were compared with purified MWCNTs. The adsorption capacity increased with an increase in pH for all adsorbents. The adsorption equilibrium was reached in 40 and 30 min for purified MWCNTs and Tpp-MWCNTs, respectively. Both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms used to investigate the adsorption process fitted the experimental data well with the correlation coefficient R2 close to 1 for all adsorbents. On the other hand, the experimental data fitted well with a pseudo second-order model. The speciation of nickel also influenced the adsorption on the purified and Tpp-MWCNTs. The adsorbents used in this study showed superior adsorption capacity when compared to other adsorbents reported in the literature.  相似文献
8.
In this study we investigated the enrichment ability of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and established a new method for the determination of trace cadmium in environment with flame atomic absorption spectrometry.The MWCNTs were oxidized by potassium permanganate under appropriate conditions before use as preconcentration packing.Parameters influencing the recoveries of target analytes were optimized.Under optimal conditions,the target analyte exhibited a good linearity (R~2=0.9992) over the concentration range 0.5-50 ng/ml.The detection limit and precision of the proposed method were 0.15 ng/ml and 2.06%, respectively.The proposed method was applied to the determination of cadmium in real-world environmental samples and the recoveries were in the range of 91.3%-108.0%.All these experimental results indicated that this new procedure could be applied to the determination of trace cadmium in environmental waters.  相似文献
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