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Two continuously regenerating diesel particulate filter (CRDPF) with different configurations and one particles oxidation catalyst (POC) were employed to perform experiments in a controlled laboratory setting to evaluate their effects on NO2, smoke and particle number emissions. The results showed that the application of the after-treatments increased the emission ratios of NO2/NOx significantly. The results of smoke emissions and particle number (PN) emissions indicated that both CRDPFs had sufficient capacity to remove more than 90% of total particulate matter (PM) and more than 97% of solid particles. However, the POC was able to remove the organic components of total PM, and only partially to remove the carbonaceous particles with size less than 30 nm. The negligible effects of POC on larger particles were observed due to its honeycomb structure leads to an inadequate residence time to oxidize the solid particles or trap them. The particles removal efficiencies of CRDPFs had high degree of correlations with the emission ratio of NO2/NOx. The PN emission results from two CRDPFs indicated that more NO2 generating in diesel oxidation catalyst section could obtain the higher removal efficiency of solid particles. However this also increased the risk of NO2 exposure in atmosphere.  相似文献
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在一台直列4缸增压中冷电控单体泵柴油机的进气道上增加甲醇喷射装置,实现柴油甲醇二元燃料燃烧(DMDF)模式.利用废气分析仪对其主要气体排放进行测量,研究在排气管上加装的柴油颗粒氧化催化转化器结构参数对尾气催化效率的影响,试验结果表明:POC长度越长,对碳烟、THC、和未燃甲醇的转化效果越好,甲醇替代率为30%、POC长度为100 mm时,对碳烟、CO、THC和未燃甲醇的平均净化效率分别为15.00%、91.61%、75.56%、66.96%,长度增加至200 mm后,上述效率明显提高,分别提高到30.37%、99.29%、67.55%、95.44%;POC孔密度增加,POC对碳烟、CO及未燃甲醇的转化效率有小幅增加,甲醇替代率为30%时,孔密度从200目增加到300目,对碳烟、CO和未燃甲醇的催化效率分别从19.61%、94.66%、86.07%提高到23.06%、97.44%和88.56%;POC结构参数的改变对NOx的转化效率影响不大.  相似文献
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