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The effect of incubation temperature and wet-dry cycle on the availabilities of Cd, Pb and Zn was studied. Three soils with pH ranging from 3.8 to 7.3, organic carbon (OC) from 0.7% to 2.4%, and clay from 12.3% to 35.6% were selected. Soils were spiked with reagent grade Cd(NO3)2, Pb(NO3)2, and Zn(NO3)2 at concentrations of 30 mg Cd/kg soil, 300 mg Zn/kg soil and 2000 mg Pb/kg soil. The soils were incubated at 35, 60, 105℃, respectively and went through four wet-dry cycles. Metal availability in soils was estimated by soil extraction with 0.1 mol/L Ca(NO3)2. According to this study, the effect of the spiking temperature on the metal availabilities was different among the metals, soils and wet-dry cycles. Mostly, 35 ~C was the first recommended spiking temperature for Cd and Pb while no spiking temperature was obviously better than others for Zn. Three wet-dry cycles was recommended regardless of the type of metals and incubation temperature.  相似文献
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模拟海水与空气的干湿交替条件,对四种海船常用牺牲阳极的自放电行为进行了研究。通过测定工作电位、发生电流、溶解性能、溶解产物成分,分析了四种牺牲阳极在经历不同间浸工作周期后的电化学性能,特别是再活化性能。结果表明:在干湿交替条件下,Zn-Al-Cd阳极的电化学性能降低幅度最大,Al-Zn-In-Cd阳极次之,它们均不适合在此环境中使用;Al-Zn-In-Mg-Ti的电化学性能比前两者好,Al-Zn-In-Mg-Ga-Mn则最适合作为干湿交替环境中的牺牲阳极。  相似文献
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