首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   1篇
  完全免费   1篇
  基础理论   2篇
  2017年   1篇
  2014年   1篇
排序方式: 共有2条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1
1.
The occurrence and removal of 13 antibiotics were investigated in five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with advanced wastewater treatment processes in Beijing, China. Most of the target antibiotics were detected in the secondary and tertiary effluents, with the concentrations of 4.8-1106.0 and 0.3-505.0ng·L^-1. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics showed relatively high concentrations in all samples (782-1814ng·L^-1). Different tertiary treatment processes showed discrepant antibiotics removal performances. Ozonation process was found more effective in removing target antibiotics compared to the coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation process and sand filtration process. Investigation of the target antibiotics in three typical urban rivers in Beijing was carried out to understand antibiotics occurrence in surface water environment. Eight antibiotics were detected in the studied rivers, with highest concentration of antibiotics in the fiver which was mainly replenished by reclaimed water. This study showed the necessity of employing more effective advanced treatment facilities to further reduce the discharge amount of antibiotics.  相似文献
2.
分析了4种常见的喹诺酮类抗生素(QNs)对发光菌(Photobacterium phosphoreum)的单一毒性和等毒性比例下的联合毒性作用,基于毒性单位法(TU)、相加指数法(AI)和混合毒性指数法(MTI)评价混合体系联合毒性的作用类型。加替沙星、洛美沙星、左氧氟沙星和诺氟沙星4种喹诺酮类医药品对发光菌的半数效应浓度(EC50)分别为:0.084×10-3、0.137×10-3、0.129×10-3 和0.151×10-3 mol·L-1。不同的评价方法对4种QNs的联合效应评价结果具有较好的一致性,多元混合体系呈现为不同程度的拮抗作用。结合分子结构特征和不同取代基相互作用,初步分析了联合毒性机理,进一步的毒性作用机制还需通过对生物生理生化反应等进行深入研究。本研究多种QNs混合体系呈现拮抗作用为主,揭示了此类医药品在环境中的联合使用可能导致药效降低以及微生物耐药性的产生和传播。  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号