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青岛市区土壤天然放射性核素的外照射水平估算研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
城市的辐射环境质量对于人居和发展规划有重要意义。利用伽玛能谱仪对青岛市区内的天然放射性核素进行了大规模高密度的现场测量,采用Beck公式计算了离地面1m高处的空气吸收剂量率,进而计算了外照射年有效剂量、外照射指数和等效镭浓度,对研究区的外照射水平进行了系统的评价。与和其他国家全国比较,虽然该区的空气吸收剂量率较高,但是其他衡量天然放射性核素外照射水平的指标均在容许范围之内。因此该区属于外照射水平的安全区域,人居环境不受影响。  相似文献
2.
王旭辉  Shaw G  朱永官 《环境化学》2003,22(5):511-515
采用水浸取法和硅胶色层法,通过紫外吸收光谱峰定性鉴定了英格兰七种土壤水溶性腐殖酸。沉积土中水溶性腐殖酸均展示了二组峰值,而在草原土中低分子量组份消失。选用γ谱仪测定了沉积土水溶性腐殖酸中的放射性核素^137Cs,采用中子活化测量技术分析了常量钠和氯。结果表明,在高盐含量的沉积土中存在的大量竞争络合离子钠可能是使放射性核素^137Cs与沉积土中水溶性腐殖酸没有直接关系的原因。  相似文献
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The impact on the environment ofradionuclide release from nuclear power plants has attracted increased attention, especially after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan. Based on the mechanisms of adsorption/desorption at solid/liquid interfaces and a surface micromorphology model of sediments, a theoretical expression of the distribution coefficient Kd is derived. This coefficient has significant effects on the distribution of radionuclide in seawater, suspended sediment and seabed sediment. Kd is then used to simulate ^90Sr transport in the sea near the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant. The simulation results are compared with field measurements of tidal level, current velocity, suspended sediment concentration and ^90Sr concentrations in the same period. Overall, the simulated results agree well with the field measured data. Thus, the derived expression for Ka is capable of interpreting realistic adsorption/desorption processes. What's more, conclusion is drawn that about 40% ^90Sr released by Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant will be adsorbed by suspended sediment and 20% by seabed sediment, only about 40% ^90St will remain in the sea near Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant in South China Sea.  相似文献
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