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1.
采用固相萃取-高效液相色谱法同时测定水中12种磺酰脲类除草剂,样品经磷酸调节pH值为2后,经Wa-ters Oasis HLB SPE柱净化浓缩,乙腈洗脱,选择检测波长为230 nm,以乙腈-水溶液(0.02%磷酸)为流动相梯度洗脱,保留时间在14 min-32 min范围内。12种磺酰脲类除草剂在0.050 mg/L-5.00 mg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.20μg/L-0.50μg/L,在0.500μg/L-10.0μg/L4个质量浓度水平的空白水样平均加标回收率为80.6%-127%,RSD为0.3%-11.7%。  相似文献
2.
主动生物监测技术在水环境风险评价中的应用   总被引:4,自引:3,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
采用生物监测技术综合分析污染物的环境行为和污染诱导的生物学效应,用于评估和预测水环境中化学品的生态风险,对保护有限的水资源和维持生态系统健康具有重要意义。介绍了主动生物监测的概念、操作流程,以及相对传统的被动生物监测所具有的优势,综述了主动生物监测技术在海洋和淡水环境质量监测中常用的指示生物,以及能对不同污染物作出响应的各种生物标志物,讨论了该领域国内外的最新研究进展。  相似文献
3.
流动注射分光光度法在线分析水中总铁   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
采用流动注射邻菲哕啉分光光度法在线分析水中总铁,考察了显色剂、消解液、酸度、反应盘管长度、载流流量、注样体积、采样时间等因素对试验的影响。方法在0.100mg/L-10.0mg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.04mg/L,实际水样平行测定的RSD≤3.7%,加标回收率为95.0%-96.0%。  相似文献
4.
水源地水污染风险等级判别方法及应用   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
以广西柳州市柳南水厂水源地为研究对象,建立了水源地风险等级判别模型,模型主要考虑企业风险等级,以及风险影响后水源地水质超标倍数、水质超标持续时间、污染团到达时间等因子,模型参数根据调查及分析得到。通过风险判别模型,计算得到柳南水厂取水口的风险等级,为该区域进行环境风险管理提供了技术支撑。  相似文献
5.
基于SWAT模型的圩区农业非点源污染模拟   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
以荻泽联圩为研究对象,应用SWAT模型模拟太湖流域典型圩区农业非点源产污规律,建立了研究区域的非点源污染基础信息库,实现了流域的空间参数化过程;将参数化过程中提取的模型参数纳入到数据库中统一管理,按照模型要求建立了数据库字段和参数内容的对应表,解决了模型运行时众多离散单元的自动赋值问题;采用虚拟水库控制技术,解决了SWAT模型在控制出流的圩区中的应用弊端。  相似文献
6.
流动注射分光光度法测定环境水样中镉   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
建立了镉-氨水·氯化铵缓冲溶液-对偶氮苯重氮氨基偶氮磺酸-甲醛高灵敏度显色体系下,采用流动注射技术测定环境水样中镉的方法,优化了试验条件,讨论了共存离子与色度的影响及消除办法。方法在6.00μg/L~460μg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.1μg/L,实际水样测定的加标回收率为986%~102%。  相似文献
7.
The contamination of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in the surface sediments of the Guan River Estuary, China was fully investigated. Total concentrations of 56 species of SVOCs ranged from 132 to 274 ng/g with an average of 186 ng/g (dry weight). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations were positively correlated with clay content and negatively correlated with sediment grain size. Source identification indicated that PAHs originated mainly from pyrolytic sources. However, intense ship traffic in the estuary may provide sources of petrogenic PAHs. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) mainly originated from direct input of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) during some industrial processes. The SVOC concentrations were also compared with International Sediments Quality Guidelines and Sediments Quality Criteria, and the results indicated that negative biological impacts may originate from high concentrations of FLO, p,p′-DDE, and total DDTs.  相似文献
8.
In this study, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected in sewage sludge samples from four wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Qingdao, China. These WWTPs differ in the type of treatment used and in the origin of the wastewater. The total amounts of PAHs in digested sludges ranged from 1.9645 to 6.5752 mg/kg, which did not exceed the projected European Union cut-off limits (6 mg/kg) for sludge found in farmland, except for the Haibohe WWTP. Significant differences were observed in overall PAH values between WWTPs receiving domestic effluents and those receiving industrial effluents. The total amounts of PAHs in digested sludge from the Licunhe and Haibohe WWTPs, which mainly received industrial effluents, were markedly higher than those of the Tuandao and Huangdao WWTPs, which received only domestic effluents. The distribution of PAH compounds in digested sludges were analysed. At the Tuandao, Huangdao and Licunhe WWTPs, 2-, 3-, 4-benzene rings were predominant, accounting for 100%, 99.8% and 99.0% of the sum concentration of 16 PAHs (∑PAHs), respectively. At the Haibohe WWTP, a large number of high molecular weight PAHs (5-, 6-benzene rings) were observed, accounting for 30% of the ∑PAHs. The sum of seven carcinogenic PAHs (∑PAHs-c) ranged from 0.8694 to 3.0389 mg/kg in four WWTPs. The highest value was found in the Haibohe WWTP. Moreover, the PAH concentrations in sludges from the different treatment processes in the Licunhe and Tuandao WWTPs are discussed.  相似文献
9.
Kendall τ has reasonable theoretic background than Pearson correlation. It can be applied more widely in all aspects. Instead of using widely adopted Pearson correlation or its extensions in a large number of principal component analysis (PCA) instances, we introduce the Kendall τ into the PCA method. PCA is a well-known statistical data analysis algorithm and is aimed to extract feature from high-dimensional data. It is designed to reduce the number of variables to a small number of indices while attempting to preserve the relationships present in the original data. This paper uses PCA based on Kendall τ in water security assessment of Haihe River Basin.  相似文献
10.
PCR技术在水生毒理学研究中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
介绍了聚合酶链式反应(PCR)技术的基本原理,并在此基础上综述了PCR技术在水生毒理学研究中的应用及国内外最新研究进展,其中涉及的模式生物包括原生动物、浮游植物、浮游动物和鱼类等。PCR技术不仅为污染物对水生生物的毒性检测带来了便利,还有助于从分子水平上阐述污染物的毒性作用机制。最后指出了目前PCR技术应用的局限性及未来的发展前景。  相似文献
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