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石油类测定质量自控方法探讨   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
探讨了水中石油类测定中自控标准样品的配制方法,按1∶1∶1的比例配制正十六烷、姥鲛烷和甲苯混合标准溶液,对国家标准样品的测定值在保证值范围内。配制的20.0 mg/L和1.00 mg/L高、低两种质量浓度的混合标准溶液,连续7 d随水样同时测定的相对误差≤7.0%,RSD在1.3%~6.7%范围。  相似文献
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Within the Sino-Italian environmental protection cooperation framework established in 2002, a comprehensive air quality monitoring network has been developed in urban Suzhou, a medium-sized Chinese city, in compliance with European standards (Directive 96/62/EC). This paper is among the first attempts to present a systematic and scientific analysis of benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX) pollution in China. It presents our analysis of BTX space-related and time-related measurement results. Background BTX concentrations were investigated by passive sampler Analyst® in 2003. We depicted the spatial distribution of average BTX concentrations collected from three 15-day campaigns on isoconcentration maps. This is the first time such detailed BTX concentration maps have been developed in China in a city scale. Continuous measurement of BTX by automatic gas chromatography was carried out at two fixed monitoring stations, one in an urban residential zone and one in a heavy traffic zone, from April to December 2005. The results show similar seasonal trends at both sites, the similarities reaching their greatest level in December and their lowest level in August. The average daily profile of BTX shows greater fluctuation in spring and winter with clear morning and evening peaks. Daily average benzene, toluene, and m,p-xylenes concentrations for the study period were 2.64, 11.52, and 3.52 μg m???3, respectively. The benzene/toluene ratio we found was lower in Suzhou than those published in studies of other worldwide cities, which indicates serious levels of toluene pollution from local stationary sources. The similarities in seasonal trend and spatial distribution in these manual and automatic measurement results were compared with each other, though the concentration values differed.  相似文献
3.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) partitioning among dissolved phase, suspended particulate matter, pore water, and sediment was studied in one moderately contaminated river (Yongding New River) and two highly contaminated drainage canals (South Drainage Canal and North Drainage Canal) of Tianjin, China. PAHs concentrations in sediment (ranged from 0.2 to 195 μg/g) showed positive relations with both total organic carbon contents (ranged from 0.7% to 31.1%, dw) and black carbon contents (ranged from 0.1% to 2.1%, dw) in the sediments. Moreover, most of the measured organic carbon normalized partition coefficients of PAHs in the three streams were 0.76 to 1.54 log units higher than the predicted values. These indicated that strong and nonlinear sorption of PAHs by carbonaceous geosorbents such as black carbon (BC) existed in the streams, and BC was an important part of the carbonaceous particles controlling the partitioning of PAHs in the sediments of this study. PAH component ratio analyses suggested that PAHs in the three streams, effluent samples from wastewater treatment plants, and soil samples by the riverbank had similar main sources, which is coal/petroleum combustion. We suggested the transportation and transformation of both carbonaceous particles and PAHs during wastewater treatment process, surface runoff, etc, should be studied further in order to make decisions on PAHs controlling measures.  相似文献
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利用快速溶剂萃取-气相色谱-质谱法对建设用地土壤中11种半挥发性有机物(SVOCs)进行分析,并优化了萃取溶剂、温度和循环次数。经测定,标准曲线的相关系数(R2)>0.990,相对标准偏差(RSD)为1.7%~14%,加标回收率为65.0%~86.4%,方法检出限为0.01~0.06 mg/kg。结果表明,方法的精密度、准确度、灵敏度均能满足建设用地土壤中11种SVOCs的分析要求。  相似文献
5.
采用消解仪替代高压蒸汽灭菌器消解水样,用麝香草酚分光光度法替代紫外分光光度法测定总氮.试验表明,方法在0mg/L~10.0mg/L范围内线性良好,相关系数R为0.9999;方法检出限为0.04mg/L;测定低、中、高质量浓度的标准溶液,RSD为1.1% ~5.5%;对3份实际水样进行加标回收试验,回收率为94.6% ~98.2%,测定总氮标准品,结果在保证值范围内;用该方法与国标方法同时测定水样,测定结果的相对偏差〈5%.  相似文献
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介绍了我国第三方环境检测行业的现状,指出了存在的问题,分析了我国第三方环境检测行业发展趋势,并对完善我国第三方环境检测行业发展提出了健全机制,建立资质、能力验证、市场监管,全面的实验室比对,限制服务范围,创建高端品牌化第三方环境检测实验室的建议.  相似文献
7.
通过对苏州市近几年开展的突发环境事件应急预案编制工作的分析,总结了企业突发环境事件应急预案编制中存在的问题,探索了“十二五”期间突发环境事件应急预案规范化管理中面临的挑战,并结合实际提出了针对企业突发环境事件应急预案编制管理工作的一些建议。  相似文献
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对昆山市区域7个点位夏秋季的5中水溶性无机阴离子(SO2-4、NO-3、NO-2、Cl-、F-)的污染特征进行了调查,结果表明,昆山市夏季大气PM2.5中5种离子平均值排序为:ρ(SO2-4)ρ(Cl-)ρ(NO-3)ρ(F-)ρ(NO-2);秋季平均值排序为:ρ(SO2-4)ρ(NO-3)ρ(Cl-)ρ(F-)ρ(NO-2)。SO2-4、NO-3和Cl-3者的总量在PM2.5中占比20%。除F-以外各区域离子的平均值秋季比夏季要高。ρ(NO-3)/ρ(SO2-4)表明,固定污染源在昆山市大气颗粒物污染中仍然占很大比重,但大部分测点的比值接近1,说明移动源也是昆山大气颗粒物的重要污染源。  相似文献
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