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江苏省太湖流域入湖河流污染物入湖总量监测   总被引:9,自引:1,他引:8  
介绍了江苏省太湖流域主要污染物入湖总量研究性监测结果,提出了主要入湖河流总量核定办法和简易测流方法,并优化了监测频次.  相似文献
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畜禽养殖业产排污系数核算体系构建   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
现代农业污染已成为环境污染的重要来源,其中畜禽养殖业污染是"十二五"污染减排的重点。着重分析了畜禽养殖业产排污特征,并构建了污染系数核算体系,从而为推动污染减排提供基础技术支撑。  相似文献
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The authors have developed the Activity Accounting Technique for predicting far field noise levels due to operation of specific set of mining machinery. The technique is based on the breaking down of the mining operations into a number of activities and establishing their duration and average location. By estimating the noise levels due to these activities, the overall noise field near a surface mine can be predicted. Experiments were undertaken at a quarry to validate the model developed based on this technique. Results of these experiments are discussed in this paper. The Activity Accounting Technique has the scope of elaborate application for prediction of environmental noise near mining sites. In a system where the activities involved and their duration can be estimated one can develop a noise quality prediction model based on near field spectrum of the sound pressure levels due to the activities. However, this method will be more useful if an acoustic database can be evolved for all the possible activities for different alternative equipment system.  相似文献
4.
The goal of restoring environmental health and qualities to Hamilton Harbour Great Lakes Area of Concern, an embayment at the western end of Lake Ontario, is considered to be achievable by the year 2015. Restoring Hamilton Harbour is a dynamic process that relies heavily on research and monitoring to direct remediation efforts. Three principle means of coordinating this research and monitoring include: research and monitoring workshops; a monitoring catalogue outlining both government and nongovernment initiatives; and an annual report written by a local community group. These tools increase the effectiveness of remedial actions by: (i) improving stakeholders' ability to track trends; (ii) allowing program decision-makers to utilize adaptive management techniques to continuously modify programs based on new results; (iii) integrating interdisciplinary fields, and (iv) increasing accountability. This paper describes in detail these tools used for coordinating research and monitoring in implementing the Remedial Action Plan of the Hamilton Harbour Great Lakes Area of Concern, along with lessons learned to assist other implementers who are considering similar programs.  相似文献
5.
The authors have developed the Activity Accounting Technique for predicting far field noise levels due to operation of specific set of mining machinery. The technique is based on the breaking down of the mining operations into a number of activities and establishing their duration and average location. By estimating the noise levels due to these activities, the overall noise field near a surface mine can be predicted. Experiments were undertaken at a quarry to validate the model developed based on this technique. Results of these experiments are discussed in this paper. The Activity Accounting Technique has the scope of elaborate application for prediction of environmental noise near mining sites. In a system where the activities involved and their duration can be estimated one can develop a noise quality prediction model based on near field spectrum of the sound pressure levels due to the activities. However, this method will be more useful if an acoustic database can be evolved for all the possible activities for different alternative equipment system.  相似文献
6.
The sustainability of development is closely linked to changes intotal per capita wealth. This paper presents estimates of the wealth of nations for nearly 100 countries, broken down into produced assets, natural resources and human resources. While thelatter is the dominant form of wealth in virtually all countries,in low income natural resource exporters the share of natural resources in total wealth is equal to the share of produced assets. For low income countries in general, cropland forms thevast majority of natural wealth. The analysis suggests the process of development can be viewed as one of portfolio management: sustainable development entails saving the rents fromexhaustible resources, managing renewable resources sustainably,and investing savings in both produced assets and human resources.  相似文献
7.
The methodology of materials accounting is presented and applied to developing nutrient balance (nitrogen and phosphorus) in a river basin. The method is based on the balance principle: inputs and outputs of each nitrogen and phosphorus related sub-systems were balanced. The application of the methodology strategies was illustrated by means of a case study of the Krka river, Slovenia. Different pathways of emission to surface waters were taken into account: WWTP discharges, direct discharges, erosion/runoff and baseflow. Total annual emission into the river Krka was estimated to be 362 tonnes N/year and 73.3 tonnes P/year. The main sources of nitrogen are diffuse sources, emitted via baseflow (52%). Other important sources are effluents from WWTP, which account for 36% of total emissions. Other sources like erosion and direct discharges to surface water (animal manure, industry, households) are of lower magnitude. Erosion is main source of phosphorus emission (55% of total emission), WWTP effluents account for 37% of total emission, while other sources are less important. Besides reduction of point sources by means of wastewater collection and implementation of nutrient removal technology, managing agricultural nitrogen and phosphorus to protect water quality should become a major challenge in the Krka river basin.  相似文献
8.
简述了水污染物排放总量核算与评价的基本概念。结合实际工作经验,对新建项目水污染物排放总量核算与评价、改扩建项目水污染物排放总量核算与评价分别进行分析与探讨,并提出了核算与评价方法和建议。  相似文献
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