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1.
降尘监测可以较客观地反映与评价城市区域扬尘污染水平。及时掌握降尘污染状况,对区域扬尘污染治理措施成效和评价城市区域环境空气质量具有实际意义。降尘监测具有采样设备简单、操作简便易行、成本相对较低等特点。但是监测周期长、环节多等都会影响降尘监测的准确性。本文通过对吴泾工业区扬尘污染治理中降尘数据分析发现,降尘监测中存在降尘数据波动大、受周边环境影响大、人为损坏多等诸多因素的影响,就这些影响因素进行分析探讨,并提出了若干建议和解决方法。  相似文献   
2.
环境水样前处理对监测结果准确度的影响不容忽视,是保证监测结果准确度的一个重要环节,样品前处理技术方法及需要注意的问题是保证监测结果真正可靠的保障。  相似文献   
3.
在水质监测及诸多行业的工业废水监测中,COD是一个必测项目,微波密封消解测定COD是一种新方法,此方法与国标(GBll914—89)重铬酸钾法回流测定COD相比,具有成本低、操作安全、快速便捷等优点,其测定结果同标准重铬酸钾回流法相比对线性相关系数r大于0.999,是值得推广使用的一种方法。但为了得到准确可靠的分析结果,提高测定COD的工作效率,必须严格把握好一些关键性的技术问题。  相似文献   
4.
HANNA C200离子分析仪测定水中的氨氮操作简便、快速、试剂用量小;经统计学处理,标准样品在中间浓度精密度、准确度较高;测定值更准确。  相似文献   
5.
通过对环境监测实验室质量控制的方法进行分析,从而提出实验室质量控制的目的与意义。针对准确度与精密度的作用进行探讨,从两者的涵义中明确准确度与精密度在整个监测数据中的重要性与意义。  相似文献   
6.
INTRODUCTION: Some research suggests that conducting safety observations of another's safety performance may serve as an effective tool in increasing the safety performance of the observer. The primary purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of conducting safety observations on the postural safety performance of observers engaging in an assembly task for short time periods. The secondary objectives of the study were: (a) to measure productivity, and (b) to measure the accuracy of participant safety observations. METHOD: An ABC (A: baseline, B: information, C: observation) multiple-baseline design counterbalanced across postural behaviors (back, shoulder, and feet position) was implemented with six participants. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Substantial improvements in postural safety occurred after participants conducted safety observations, and these improvements did not appear to negatively affect productivity. Results also suggest that there is no relation between the accuracy of an observer's safety observation and their subsequent safety performance. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: This research provides evidence that a safety observation process can function to increase safe postural behavior of observers. Thus, the implementation of such a process may contribute to the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders and related costs in the workplace.  相似文献   
7.
This paper presents quantitative methods that allow scientists to compare the patterns in two maps that show a shared real variable. Specifically, this paper shows how to budget various components of agreement and disagreement between maps. The components are based on the separation of a map’s information of quantity from its information of location. The technique also examines how variation in resolution influences the measurement of the components of information. The manner in which the measurements change as a function of spatial resolution can be more important and interesting than the results at any single particular resolution, because the results at a single particular resolution may indicate more about the format of the data than about the overall pattern in the landscape. An example illustrates the mathematical concepts, and an application compares mapped vegetation indices in Africa to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed approach vis-à-vis a conventional approach. The results are presented visually in the form of stacked bar graphs that show separable components of information. The entire analysis is performed twice, each time with a different mathematical measurement of deviation: (1) root mean square error, and (2) mean absolute error. This paper compares these two approaches and discusses their relative advantages and disadvantages. Hopefully, this approach of budgeting components of information at multiple resolutions will become adopted as standard practice in the measurement of patterns.
Robert Gilmore Pontius JrEmail:
  相似文献   
8.
本文旨在规范泥浆样品的分割、前处理、萃取方法和测定结果表达方式。采用自行设制的泥浆分割器迅速冷冻和解冻方法,均匀、快速地完成泥浆样品的制备;通过对两种前处理方法精密度和加标回收率实验结果的分析比较,论述了现行泥浆前处理方法的弊端,证实了均匀分割全量萃取法具有样品缩分科学、省时保鲜、全量萃取等优点,提高了样品分析的精密度和准确度。  相似文献   
9.
从仪器精密度、方法检出限、准确度、工作曲线线性范围等角度对总有机碳测定仪TOC-5000A(高温燃烧+非分散红外法)与Aurora 1030W(湿式氧化)的性能进行比较.研究结果显示,TOC-5000A方法检出限(0.535ppm)高于Aurora1030W(0.047ppm),且在较低有机碳浓度下(1ppm)精密度差于Aurora 1030W.但在较高有机碳浓度条件下(10ppm),TOC-5000A精密度优于Aurora 1030W.在不同水样中加入标准物质后计算方法回收率,两台仪器的测试结果均大于90%.在样品量较低的情况下,碳加入量与两台仪器响应值的线性关系均较差,响应因子随碳加入量的增加呈现显著降低的趋势,并分别在升至2μg(Aurora 1030W)与0.16μg(TOC-5000A)后达到稳定.  相似文献   
10.
QuickBird multispectral satellite imagery was evaluated for distinguishing giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta Mitchell) in a large reservoir in east Texas. The imagery had four bands (blue, green, red, and near-infrared) and contained 11-bit data. Color-infrared (green, red, and near-infrared bands), normal color (blue, green and red bands), and four-band composite (blue, green, red, and near-infrared bands) images were studied. Unsupervised image analysis was used to classify the imagery. Accuracy assessments performed on the classification maps of the three composite images had producer’s and user’s accuracies for giant salvinia ranging from 87.8 to 93.5%. Color-infrared, normal color, and four-band satellite imagery were excellent for distinguishing giant salvinia in a complex field habitat.  相似文献   
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