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1.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are important organic contaminants with great significance for China, where coal burning is the main source of energy. In this study, concentrations, distribution between different phases, possible sources and eco-toxicological effect of PAHs of the Yangtze River were assessed. PAHs in water, suspended particulate matters (SPM) and sediment samples at seven main river sites, 23 tributary and lake sites of the Yangtze River at the Wuhan section were analyzed. The total concentrations of PAHs in the studied area ranged from 0.242 to 6.235 μg/l in waters and from 31 to 4,812 μg/kg in sediment. The average concentration of PAHs in SPM was 4,677 μg/kg, higher than that in sediment. Benzo(a)pyrene was detected only at two stations, but the concentrations were above drinking water standard. The PAHs level of the Yangtze River was similar to that of some other rivers in China but higher than some rivers in foreign countries. There existed a positive relationship between PAHs concentrations and the TOC contents in sediment. The ratio of specific PAHs indicated that PAHs mainly came from combustion process, such as coal and wood burning. PAHs may cause potential toxic effect but will not cause acute biological effects in sedimentary environment of the Wuhan section of the Yangtze River.  相似文献
2.
The relationship of polycyclic aromatichydrocarbons (PAH) and smoke concentrationwas analysed at four different locations in Zagreb during theheating season. At two sampling sitessmoke pollution came primarily from domestic heating while theother two sites were under a directinfluence of traffic. At locations away from trafficcorrelations between smoke and PAH concentrationswere stochastically significant at 0.01 level. Takingbenzo-a-pyrene (BaP) as a PAH representative itwas shown that for these two locations the smoke/BaPrelationship can be presented with a singleregression line which can serve for rough assessment of BaPlevels in the air. The BaP concentrationof 10 ng/m3 – proposed by the German FederalEnvironmental Agency as orientation < mark (Lahman et al., 1984) – might be expected to occurat smoke levels 60 g/m3,and above this level it is recommended to start measuringactual concentrations of PAH.  相似文献
3.
This paper presents the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured in all four seasons in suspendedparticulate matter (SPM) collected with a high-volume sampler on one measuring site in the northern part of Zagreb. About 30 samples of SPM were analysed for each season, including workdays and weekends and there were no differences amongst them. The concentrations of all PAHs were highest in winter andlowest in summer. The spring PAH concentrations were lower thanthe autumn ones, as the spring had more sunny and warm days. Theprofiles of PAH/BaP at the measurement sites showed that the mainsource of PAHs in spring and summer was traffic while asubstantial amount of autumn and winter PAHs, besides traffic,came from heating.  相似文献
4.
本文以高压液相色谱仪作为样品分析手段,对C18键合相吸附剂富集饮用水中苯并(a)芘回收效率的影响因素逐一进行系统研究。实验结果显示,在优化的样品富集和样品分析条件下,该方法具有快速、安全、高效和低耗等优点,在绝对进样量0025~03mg之间,线性良好,方法最低检出限为05ng/L,同时准确度和精密度也得到很好地控制。另外,该方法在自来水及其源水的样品分析中获得了良好的结果。  相似文献
5.
采用加速溶剂萃取一高效液相色谱法荧光检测器测定环境空气中的苯并(a)芘,以乙腈/水为流动相,检测器激发波长为290nm,发射波长为430nm。方法线性良好,检出限为0.08μg/L,当采样体积为1080m。时,最低检测质量浓度为3×10^-7μg/m^3(标准状态下),实际样品加标回收率为87.2%~109%。与超声波萃取法相比,两种方法回收率相近,而加速溶剂萃取法乙腈用量更少。  相似文献
6.
通过全国多家实验室的大量监测数据,研究分析了土壤中苯并[a]芘测定的精密度控制指标,并与EPA8270D进行了比较,旨在为环境监测工作提供质量控制依据和质量控制指标。研究表明,标准样品的室内相对标准偏差的质量控制范围≤28%,室内相对偏差的质量控制范围≤34%。  相似文献
7.
用快速溶剂萃取法ASE300对土壤样品进行前处理,以配有荧光检测器的高效液相色谱仪分析土壤样品中苯并(a)芘的含量,该方法以乙腈、水梯度比例混合作为流动相,流速为1.0ml/min;激发波长和发射波长分别为255nm和420nm;保留时间为27.58min。样品的称样量为25g时,测定检出限为8.28×10^-5mg/kg,相对标准偏差(RSD)为1.0%~12%,回收率为60%~87%,以上指标均能满足环境中土壤样品的检测要求。  相似文献
8.
采用超声提取-高效液相色谱法测定玉米作物中苯并(a)芘,优化了试验条件。方法在0mg/L-100mg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.15mg/L,玉米样品测定的相对标准偏差为5.3%~10.0%,加标回收率〉86.9%。  相似文献
9.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analysed in 39 soil samples (0–10 cm upper layer) collected in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. The sampling sites were randomly selected from urban, urban/recreational and rural areas; the samples were collected in April and December 2003 and July and October 2004. The sum of the 16 PAHs corresponding to the recreational zone (298 μg/kg) was close to the urban zone (375 μg/kg). Mean soil ΣPAH concentration from rural areas was 18 μg/kg dry weight. Comparing to values observed in the urbanized locations around the world, the overall levels of PAHs in this study are low. The PAH ratios obtained pointed to a domination of pyrogenically formed PAHs in the examined soils. The dominant PAHs in soil samples in urban zones were fluoranthene, benz[a]anthracene, phenanthrene and pyrene, mostly emitted from noncatalyst vehicles which are still in use in Serbia. The total carcinogenic potency for each sampling site was calculated. Regardless of the used carcinogenic activity factors, carcinogenic potency of 7 sites were 3–9 times higher than the reference ones indicating the increased carcinogenic burden of soils from these sites.  相似文献
10.
采用ASE萃取-弗罗里硅土净化-HPLC法和ASE萃取-GPC净化-HPLC法测定土壤中苯并(a)芘,并将2种方法的测定结果作比对。试验表明,方法在0.02 mg/L~0.500 mg/L之间线性良好,当取样量为10 g时,弗罗里硅土净化土壤样品方法检出限为8.93×10-5  mg/kg,平均加标回收率为72.7%~73.8%,3次测定结果的RSD为4.0%~4.5%;凝胶色谱净化土壤样品方法检出限为1.98×10-5  mg/kg,平均加标回收率为88.8%~90.2%,3次测定结果的RSD为 2.1%~2.8%  相似文献
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