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1.
系统比较了DOAS大气监测系统与传统点式采样设备在测定环境空气中二氧化硫的性能。  相似文献
2.
长光程大气自动监测中异常数据的分析及处置   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
长光程大气自动监测系统部件较多,结构复杂,中心站对子站监控通过在线方式完成,因此对系统中故障的判断和排除有一定难度。通过对中心站调出的异常数据进行诊断和分析,帮助操作者提升对系统的了解和对异常数据处理的技能。  相似文献
3.
In this paper, the applicability of a Long-Path Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (LP-DOAS) system was checked for the feasibility of the simultaneous measurement of trace gases (such as O3, NO2, SO2, and HCHO) and atmospheric visibility (light extinction by aerosols) in Asian urban areas. Field studies show that an LP-DOAS system can simultaneously measure the key pollutants (such as O3, NO2, SO2, and HCHO) at detection limits in the ppb/sub-ppb range as well as the Mie extinction coefficient with an uncertainty of 0.1 km–1 at time resolution of a few minutes. It is thus concluded that the use of LP-DOAS system is feasible for simultaneous measurement of gaseous pollutants as well as an atmospheric extinction coefficient which is tightly bound to fine particulate concentration.  相似文献
4.
LGH - 01型空气质量自动监测系统常见故障及维修   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
介绍了 LGH-01型空气质量自动监测系统,对使用该系统时出现的常见故障和排除办法提供了解决思路,并且提出了使用该仪器时应严格按规程操作,要加强巡检工作和注意用电安全等日常维护的注意事项.  相似文献
5.
DOAS环境空气质量自动化监测系统运行维护   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
介绍了DOAS环境空气质量自动化监测系统的性能和特征,指出该系统在日常运行时,需要进行预防性定期例行维护和现场故障排除,总结分析了该系统运行维护的方法,并对常见故障作了剖析.  相似文献
6.
The concentrations of ozone, NO2 and SO2, measured with a DOAS system 70 m above ground level in the city of Graz were compared with data from conventional ground stations. The dependence of vertical trace-gas distributions on stability categories and time of the day or year was investigated. Concerning the maximum ozone concentrations in summer, the DOAS data are representative for the ground-level situation. In average, the concentrations 70 m above ground are more than twice the ground-level concentrations. It has been shown that beside the reaction with NO, dry deposition is an important sink for ozone near the surface. The DOAS NO2-concentrations are representative for ground-level conditions in summer, except for the morning maximum of NO2. In winter the DOAS NO2-concentrations amount for 73% of the ground level values in average. Concerning the slow reacting trace gas SO2, the DOAS data are always representative for the ground-level conditions.  相似文献
7.
差分光谱法(简称DOAS)已广泛用于空气中SO2、NO2、苯、甲苯监测.通过对差分光谱法监测结果与其他传统仪器进行时比,发现用DOAS监测SO2、NO2与点式仪器有较好的一致性,但用DOAS系统监测苯、甲苯与气相色谱法有机物连续监测结果差异较大,相关性较差,运行有一定的局限性.另外,本文对DOAS的最佳运行条件进行了探讨,发现影响光强的氙灯老化和气候条件对DOAS系统运行有较大影响.  相似文献
8.
DOAS是一种全新的空气监测仪器 ,由 DOAS组成的空气监测系统和传统的点式监器空气监测系统在工作原理、运行维护、及质量控制等方面有很大的不同 ,就 DOAS系统的质量保证和质量控制作一阐述。  相似文献
9.
邹爱华 《干旱环境监测》2010,24(4):251-253,256
根据乐山市空气自动监测系统多年来的运行管理实践,通过对长光程环境空气质量自动监测系统的性能和特征的了解掌握,论述了进行预防性维护、定期巡检维护和现场故障排除的重要性,提出了系统运行维护和管理的方法以及常见故障分析处理技术。  相似文献
10.
The atmosphere is a particularly difficult analytical system because of the very low levels of substances to be analysed, sharp variations in pollutant levels with time and location, differences in wind, temperature and humidity. This makes the selection of an efficient sampling technique for air analysis a key step to reliable results. Generally, methods for volatile organic compounds sampling include collection of the whole air or preconcentration of samples on adsorbents. All the methods vary from each other according to the sampling technique, type of sorbent, method of extraction and identification technique. In this review paper we discuss various important aspects for sampling of volatile organic compounds by the widely used and advanced sampling methods. Characteristics of various adsorbents used for VOCs sampling are also described. Furthermore, this paper makes an effort to comprehensively review the concentration levels of volatile organic compounds along with the methodology used for analysis, in major cities of the world.  相似文献
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