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Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been reported in air, surface waters, suspended sediments, soil, sediment, fish, marine mammals, and bird eggs throughout Canada, from the St. Lawrence Estuary to the Strait of Georgia and the northernmost reaches of the Canadian Arctic. Canadian scientists have detected the presence of PBDEs in breast milk in every Canadian province. In fact, recent data on temporal trends strongly suggests that the concentrations of PBDEs are on the rise in the Canadian environment. These findings are similar to those reported in other nordic countries, and have prompted several countries to implement environmental monitoring programs. Among the key challenges currently facing Canada and other countries concerns how best to measure these chemicals in different matrices. In this paper, several analytical methods cited in the scientific literature for determining PBDE concentrations in different abiotic and biological matrices are reviewed. The critical criteria required for accurate determination of PBDEs in complex environmental matrices are discussed, including instrument sensitivity, reliability, potential interference's and the need for specialized instrumentation for the determination of compounds up to 975 Daltons. While a single analytical method that meets these and other criteria has not yet been perfected by scientists, GC/HRMS-based methods amenable to isotope dilution techniques warrant further refinement, and likely represent the best tools for future environmental monitoring programs.  相似文献
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气相色谱-质谱法测定环境空气中恶臭硫化物成分   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
摘要:采用苏玛罐采样、冷阱顶浓缩处理样品、气相色谱质谱联用法测定环境空气中的甲硫醇、乙硫醇、甲硫醚、乙硫醚、甲乙硫醚、二甲二硫、二硫化碳等7种恶臭硫化物。结果表明,该方法的线性较好,7种硫化物的检出限为8.0×10-4~1.4×10-3mg/m3,混合标准气体平行测定时RSD范围在3.32%~6.17%,加标回收率为100%~117%。该方法对于环境空气恶臭硫化物的测定准确可靠,能够用于常规环境空气中恶臭硫化物的分析检测。  相似文献
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王伟 《中国环境监测》2019,35(1):135-141
建立了基质固相分散-ASE提取-GC/MS法同时测定土壤中8种有机氯农药和16种多环芳烃的方法。对方法的线性、检出限、精密度、回收率及土壤质控样品进行了分析,结果表明,8种有机氯农药和16种多环芳烃线性良好,相关系数为0.997 5~0.999 8,方法检出限为0.39~1.57μg/kg,空白加标样品的相对标准偏差小于20%,实际土壤样品加标回收率为60.6%~125%,土壤质控样品结果均在范围内。该方法能够满足土壤中8种有机氯农药和16种多环芳烃的检测要求。  相似文献
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采用动态固相微萃取技术富集水样中2-异丙基-3-甲氧基吡嗪、2-异丁基-3-甲氧基吡嗪、2-MIB、β-环柠檬醛、2,4,6-三氯苯甲醚、GSM、α-紫罗酮和β-紫罗酮等8种异味有机物,并用气相色谱质谱法测定。通过优化试验条件,使方法在2. 00 ng/L~100 ng/L范围内线性良好,方法检出限为1. 0 ng/L~4. 4 ng/L。空白水样3个质量浓度水平的加标回收率为81. 0%~121%,6次测定结果的RSD为1. 7%~8. 9%。将该方法用于一水库实际水样的测定,结果 2-MIB、β-环柠檬醛、α-紫罗酮和β-紫罗酮检出,其余均为未检出。  相似文献
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采用气相色谱-质谱法(GC-MS)研究了不同溶剂对有机氯农药测定的影响。结果表明,有机氯农药在不同溶剂中的GC-MS响应值是有差异的,但保留时间不变,且随着有机氯农药质量浓度的增加,这种溶剂效应对大部分有机氯农药的作用减弱。经分析溶剂的极性对有机氯农药测定有显著的影响。  相似文献
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