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实验室间比对能力验证中的两种稳健统计技术探讨   总被引:6,自引:4,他引:2  
对环境监测实验室能力验证中两种稳健数据统计技术以及z比分数评价准则进行了探讨,并介绍了如何使用Excel电子表格软件实现数据的统计处理。四分位数法和迭代法均可作为实验室比对能力验证的数据处理技术,相对于四分位数稳健统计方法,迭代法是一种更加温和且可靠的稳健统计方法,但不适用于分割水平设计的能力验证计划。  相似文献
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Consistent estimators of change and state becomes an issue when sample data come from a mix of permanent and temporary observation units. A joint maximum likelihood estimator of state and change creates estimates of state that depend on antecedent viz. posterior survey results and may differ from estimates of state derived from a single-date analysis of the sample data. A constrained estimator of change in relative categorical frequencies that eliminates this potential inconsistency is proposed and a model based estimator of their sampling variance is developed. The performance of the constrained estimator is quantified against six criteria and a joint maximum likelihood estimator in simulated sampling from 15 populations with three combinations of permanent and temporary samples, four to six categorical class attributes, and constant size between sampling dates. Bias of the constrained estimators was negligible but larger than for joint maximum likelihood estimators. Mean absolute deviations and variances of constrained estimators were generally at par with the joint estimators. Constrained estimators of root mean square errors and achieved coverage of nominal confidence intervals of constrained estimators were occasionally better. A generalized variance function for the constrained estimates of change is provided as a computational shortcut.  相似文献
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