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1.
环境监测市场化若干问题的思考   总被引:8,自引:8,他引:0  
在环境监测市场化内涵辨析的基础上,界定了环境监测市场化包括非公共服务属性的环境监测使市场起决定性作用和公共服务属性的环境监测引入市场机制两层涵义,分析了环境监测市场化中政府与市场的职责和定位,提出了建立健全环境监测市场机制需要重点研究的若干问题。  相似文献
2.
农贸市场噪声对其周围环境的影响   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
对某农贸市场的场内噪声,场界噪声及其周围居民区环境噪声进行了监测,结果表明,农贸市场营业时,噪声监测值内,场界及居民区均超标;农贸市场不营业时,场界除3个测点略超标外,余达标,居民区略超标。就农贸市场噪声对其周围环境的影响,提出了控制对策。  相似文献
3.
Two decades of developing relevant legal and institutional regimes for the sustainable and nondestructive use of natural resources have framed Costa Rica's pioneer approach to mitigate climate change and conserve its rich biological diversity. This policy framework provides an appropriate context for the actual and proposed development of market instruments designed to attract capital investments for carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation, and allows the establishment of mechanisms to use those funds to compensate owners for the environmental services provided by their land. As a developing economy. Costa Rica is striving to internalize the benefits from the environmental services it offers, as a cornerstone of its sustainable development strategy.  相似文献
4.
环境监测适应市场化的思考   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
阐述了环境监测的现状及市场化带来的挑战,指出环境监测站应加快体制调整步伐,适应市场需要;实施人才战略,提高技术创新能力,加大投入,提高自身的能力和水平,加强内部管理,全面引入科学管理机制,优势行业联合,组建联合舰队,引入市场经营理念,调整经营策略。  相似文献
5.
环境污染防治设施运营的市场化特点及对策   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
阐述了环境污染防治设施运营的市场化极大地丰富和完善了我国环境保护“谁污染,谁治理”的政府内涵。在环保实践中,运营市场化将进一步明确污染者治理的经济责任,节省污染防治设施基建费用,降低运行成本,营造“造血”功能。提出了进一步完善环境污染防治设施运营市场化的对策措施。  相似文献
6.
青岛市空气自动监测系统运营模式介绍和相关探讨   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
以青岛市环境空气自动监测系统的运行管理为实例,从管理、技术的角度分析了空气自动监测网络运行特点、管理模式,重点探讨了新型的市场化运营管理模式,力求为今后城市自动监测网络长期、连续、高效的运行提供参考。  相似文献
7.
Loss of vegetation production in arid lands has been difficult to remediate and has signifi- cant economic impacts on human populations. Restoration efforts based on non-local materials and large-scale mechanization have not been capable of efficiently reversing the trend of environmental degradation. The use of traditional knowledge and simplified methods of seed harvesting, storing, marketing and soil preparation have proven that regeneration of native species and efficient land reclamation is possible in areas that have traditionally been considered degraded beyond redemption. This paper describes a method of land reclamation that combines tradition and simple mechanics that can be applied in all arid areas that face desertification. Because the work builds on cultural practices long used in non-industrialized societies, it is particularly adapted to rural areas. The methods described have the potential to open new low-tech economic opportunities to all segments of local non-urban populations while combating desertification and creating a more ecologically sound environment.  相似文献
8.
This paper aims to assess the consequences of the amendments made to the Kyoto Protocol during COP 7 in Marrakech. The major issue of hot air and CDM transaction costs is examined using the CERT model to show that primary supply regions, typically those with hot air availability, might control the emissions reduction permit supply market and maximise net export revenues of permit supply by withholding 40 to 60% of available hot air credits. The assumption that primary permit suppliers control permit price via a restriction of hot air supply to the market will inadvertently leave a portion of the market share open to non-Annex B CDM supply, despite potentially extreme variance in CDM transaction costs. A summary table of policy implications on the emissions reduction permit market is also included.  相似文献
9.
A cost-efficient way to allocate carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reductions among countries or regions is to harmonise their marginal reduction costs. This could be achieved by a market of emission reduction units (ERUs). To model such a market, we use a multi-regional MARKAL-MACRO model. It gives insights into the consequences of co-ordinating CO2 abatement on regional energy systems and economies. As a numerical application, we assess the establishment of a market of ERUs among three European countries for curbing their CO2 emissions.  相似文献
10.
走向市场是环境监测发展的必然趋势   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
阐述了作为事业单位的环境监测行业在市场化经济中的改革问题。指出中国进入WTO后,将遇到体制、机制转变,缺乏准则规范和工作效率低下.资金不足和人才流失.以及面对市场化经济不适应等问题。提出国内环境监测行业在市场化经济的发展中。首先应改变无偿为政府提供数据服务的情况,要敢于摆脱落后机制的诸多束缚和思想观念上的因循守旧,将精力投入到开发市场和拓宽监测领域中去,同时提出了积极转变机制、拓展融资渠道、开拓监测领域、适应市场机制、培育和规范环境监测市场的对策。  相似文献
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