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1.
甘家湖荒漠梭梭林自然保护区管理问题的初探   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
结合西北实际对甘家湖梭梭林自然保护区的现状及管理进行了初步分析,并提出应如何加强管理的对策和建议。  相似文献
2.
阿尔金山国家级自然保护区人为活动的影响简析   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
马超 《干旱环境监测》2004,18(2):101-102,123
通过对阿尔金山国家级自然保护区生态环境现状的调查,分析了保护区内偷猎、采金以及过度放牧等人为活动对保护区生态环境退化的影响,并提出了解决问题的建议。  相似文献
3.
新疆卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区生物多样性保护研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
生物多样性具有多重价值,如生态价值、社会价值和经济价值。卡拉麦里山自然保护区生物多样性不但关系到当地经济发展和人民生存安全,而且关系到整个保护区、整个新疆的可持续发展。本文分析了卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区生物多样性特点及生物多样性遭受严重破坏的原因,提出了保护该区生物多样性的对策措施:①加强卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区生物多样性的调查研究工作。②加强保护区的建设。③加大立法与执法制度。④加强生物多样性保护的宣传教育。⑤加强生物多样性保护的公众参与。⑥加强当地居民的基本生产、生活条件建设。⑦在保护区推行生态旅游。  相似文献
4.
新疆艾比湖湿地自然保护区建设及效益分析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
艾比湖是典型的干旱区湖泊,具有特殊湿地的干旱生态系统.晚更新世晚期开始,由于气候逐渐变干,艾比湖不断萎缩.20世纪50年代至80年代末,由于湖区人口的激增及其对水土资源的不合理开发利用,加速了湖泊干缩的进程,80年代后期至今,随着新疆北部的气候向暖湿转变,以及湖区人口和耕地增长趋缓,艾比湖湖面出现波动扩张态势.本文对艾比湖湿地自然保护区的建设及效益情况进行了阐述.  相似文献
5.
The efficacy of simultaneously advancing two distinct conceptual designs (referred to here as fixed-site and non-fixed-site) for species conservation and protection is addressed. In the literature, numerous models can be found that typically stem from a particular design, but rarely are comparisons made between approaches. This paper presents a more integrated optimization framework that models landowner behavior and species viabilities at a landscape scale. Regional demand for resource extraction is used as the economic driver, a variant of simulated annealing is used to solve the model under different species protection approaches, and a detailed species population simulator is utilized to measure biological responses. When directly comparing the outcomes of different species protection strategies from a case study in Oregon (USA), it was found that neither approach was universally superior in terms of financial value or degree of protection for two late seral forest dependent species.  相似文献
6.
An optimization model for land reservation was developed that explicitly selects parcels in the most compact or contiguous manner possible while meeting habitat requirements and a budget limitation. The model was used to compare the effects of an existing reserve network on future parcel spatial locations and total cost. Using habitat and land value data from Josephine County, Oregon, it was found that a system of existing reserves created by various policies and overseen by different agencies can decrease future reserve compactness and contiguity, and increase total cost. This work suggests that coordinated planning can result in more efficient conservation efforts for less cost.  相似文献
7.
The science of nature reserve design has benefited from crossover between ecology and operations research since the 1980s. Applications of ecological theory had generated debate about reserve design in the 1970s and 1980s, when problems of reserve design were reformulated to draw on the methods of operations research and decision science. Advances in simulation modeling, especially models of forest growth, provided new tools for understanding ecological dynamics. A synthesis of these approaches provides ways to advance the science and facilitate its application to practical problems.  相似文献
8.
The lagoon of Biguglia (northeastern Corsica) is one of a number Nature Reserve. Anthropogenic activities are increasing over its watershed however. The present study aims to examine the state of health of the lagoon with the example of two pollutants (Cd and Cu). Water samples were collected in spring and summer 1997. The trace metal fluxes between the various compartments were measured. Transfer processes from the watershed to the lagoon were also examined. The temporal evolution of Cd and Cu content is assessed on the one hand by comparing the present data with former reference work (1992). On the other hand, a 5-box model is implemented in order to reduce the complex functioning of the lagoon to a system of differential equations. With the help of a numerical resolution method, the increase of metallic concentration levels is estimated since 1992. On the basis of 1997 data, two hypotheses are compared. The hypothesis that takes into account a growing increase of anthropogenic activities on the watershed gives, by extrapolation, results that are closer to field measurements. However, even with this hypothesis, the cadmium content in the lagoon is underestimated. This may signify that for this metal the evolution of the lagoon pollution is more important than a linear increase.  相似文献
9.
罗布泊野骆驼国家级自然保护区水源十分缺乏,基本无地表水系,水源主要以泉水形式存在。目前保护区内分布的泉水点有40多个,泉水点主要分布在保护区东部阿奇克谷地区域和南部阿尔金山区,北部的库鲁克塔格山区也有少量分布。本文介绍了保护区的自然地理环境、水文条件、泉水点分布情况、水质情况及矿产开发、非法放牧及道路建设等人类活动对水源的影响,并提出了水环境保护的意见和措施。  相似文献
10.
基于遥感影像、无人机航摄与移动核查技术,构建了集自然保护区“一张图”、图斑任务管理、移动核查为一体的天地一体化自〖JP3〗然保护区人类活动监管系统,并以防城金花茶国家级自然保护区为例,进行试点监测监管研究。结果表明,利用监管系统可提高自然保护区监管时效性,有效解决监管盲区。对防城金花茶国家级自然保护区的人类活动进行监测评价,该保护区有工矿用地、农田、居民点、道路、其他人工设施等5类,以农田、居民点、普通道路为主,人类活动影响一般。  相似文献
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