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1.
洪泽湖富营养化与环境理化因子间的关系   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
利用淮安市环境监测中心站1998年—2000年洪泽湖水质监测资料,以洪泽湖水体最能表征营养化状态进程的叶绿素a为基准因子,分析了洪泽湖水质富营养化的原因。通过QBASIC多元逐步回归分析,得出洪泽湖水质富营养化的主控因子是悬浮物、透明度,总磷是富营养化的潜在限制性营养盐。  相似文献
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杭州西湖水体生态环境参数的相互关系   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
采用 2 0 0 0年的西湖常规监测数据 ,分析了西湖水体中生态环境特征参数的季节变化和相互关系。分析表明 ,西湖水体各生态环境参数 ,除总氮外 ,均呈现出明显的季节性变化 ,总磷、溶性正磷酸盐、叶绿素 a和藻类季节变化一致 ,在夏季形成高峰 ,冬季最低 ;三无机氮高峰值出现在冬季 ,夏季含量为全年最低。 2 0 0 0年西湖水体总氮年均值为 2 .0 5 m g/L ,总磷年均值为 0 .12 6mg/L ,N/P大于 16,西湖属于磷控制型富营养湖泊。通过相关分析 ,从另一方面说明磷是西湖水体的限制因子 ;硝酸盐对西湖沉积物和湖水之间的磷酸盐平衡有一定的影响 ;硝酸盐对西湖水体中浮游植物生长繁殖可能有抑制作用  相似文献
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Water Quality Assessment of Osun River: Studies on Inorganic Nutrients   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
The present investigation provides data of some ions, namely Na+, Ca2+, NH4 +,Cl-, NO3 -,CN- and PO4 3- on water samples of river Osun,selected rivers in the region and groundwaters. The pH,temperature, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolvedsolids (TDS), total hardness (TH) and total carbon (IV) oxide(TCO2) have also been determined to asses the chemicalstatus and pollution levels of these water sources. The highervalues of certain parameters with respect to the acceptablestandard limits for drinking water indicate the pollution inboth groundwater and river water samples of the study area, and make the waters unsuitable for various applications. Thehigh pollution river water source showed higher levels ofphosphate, nitrate and ammonium ions (P < 0.05). There is nosignificant difference (P < 0.05) between the meanconcentrations of other inorganic nutrients in the high and lowpollution water source types. The correlation coefficientbetween quality parameter pairs of river water and groundwatersamples are determined and the significance of these parametersin both types of water sources are discussed.  相似文献
6.
In an effort to combat rising groundwater tables andexpanding saline lakes, saline water has been disposedof into the aquatic environment, despite there beinglittle information as to the environmental effects.Monitoring of the effect of saline lake water disposalon aquatic macroinvertebrates and water quality wasconducted in the Barwon River, south west Victoria,Australia, in association with toxicity tests. Thedisposal of saline lake water was associated withchanges in macroinvertebrate community structure.Contrary to expectations, increases in electricalconductivity (a measure of salinity) was not the onlywater quality parameter associated with saline waterdisposal. An experiment was conducted where thetoxicity of saline lake water was compared to that ofa prepared solution of the same electricalconductivity. Toxicity was greater in the saline lakewater than the prepared solution. The results suggestthat saline water disposal is impacting onmacroinvertebrate fauna but electrical conductivity isnot the only factor responsible. These results haveconsequences for both management of aquatic resourcesand for monitoring programs which are discussed.  相似文献
7.
钦州湾枯水期富营养化评价及其近5年变化趋势   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
利用近5年枯水期现场调查的结果,采用富营养化指数法对该海湾富营养化程度进行评价并探求其变化趋势。结果表明近5年钦州湾枯水期富营养化指数的变化为0.08~10.2,其空间分布表现为沿着盐度梯度从茅岭江或钦江河口往外富营养化逐渐减轻。从2006年到2010年钦州湾富营养化从贫营养化往中度和重富营养化程度发展,富营养化显逐渐加重的趋势,在近两年河口区达到了重富营养化程度。陆源径流污染源的输入是富营养化空间分布的主要决定因素,而近5年富营养化逐渐加重的趋势主要是由不断增加的磷酸盐导致。海湾富营养化程度的增加并没有引起浮游植物生物量的急剧增加,但却增加了赤潮等生态灾害的风险。  相似文献
8.
Derivation of Nutrient Guidelines for Streams in Victoria, Australia   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Human induced increases to nutrientconcentrations in streams have led to many agenciesdeveloping strategies and criteria for nutrientreduction. National or statewide guidelines aregenerally inappropriate, due to the natural variabilityin stream ecosystems within political boundaries. Thisstudy used an extant aquatic macroinvertebrate-basedregionalisation for the state of Victoria, Australia, asthe basis for defining regions of relatively homogeneousenvironmental character. This enabled the selection ofecologically-based regional reference sites andsubsequent characterisation of the nutrient status ofthese sites. Using an extensive biological and nutrientdata base for streams across the State, we calculated50th and 75th percentile concentrations forreference sites within each region. Using thesepercentiles in conjunction with impact and recoverystudies, we defined nutrient guidelines for each region. Although the nutrient data largely supported thebiological regionalisation, patterns in the nutrient datadid require some minor modifications for the nutrientregions. Relatively unimpacted regions with referencesites in very good-to excellent-condition were assignedguidelines largely based on the 75th percentiles. The more impacted regions, where best availablereference sites were of poorer quality, were assignedguidelines based largely on the 50th percentiles. Professional judgement and known extents of impactsacross each region provided important contributions tothe decision-making process. The derived guidelineconcentrations are comparable to several cited in theliterature and are proposed for use in monitoring,assessment and restoration targets.  相似文献
9.
PLS and PCR Methods in the Assessment of Coastal Water Quality   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Partial least squares regression analysis (PLS) and principal component regression analysis (PCR) were examined asmethodological procedures for assessing the quality of coastalwaters in a tourist area. Four variables related to the trophicstate of waters, namely nitrate, nitrite, ammonia and phosphate were analyzed. The models resulting from PLS and PCR were verysimilar. Both defined three groups of water masses characterizedby different nutrient loadings. These groups were in accordancewith those obtained by numerical classification. The PLS methodwas selected as the optimal model, on the basis of its lowerprediction errors (lower Press and Rmsd values). For managementpurposes, this statistical model allows mesotrophic conditions,reflecting some nutrient enrichment over background conditions,to be characterized and the successful diagnosis of additionalsamples within this context.  相似文献
10.
钦州湾春季水质营养状况分析与评价   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
根据2010年4月对钦州湾海域调查结果,分析并评价了该海域春季的营养状况。结果表明,表层海水中DIN和SiO3-Si都为茅尾海钦江入海口含量较高,PO4-P为茅尾海西南部沿岸增养殖区含量较高,DIN、PO4-P和SiO3-Si水平分布上均表现为湾内含量高于湾外。从营养结构看,与Justic等提出的营养盐化学计量限制标准比较,符合P限制条件,PO4-P可能成为浮游植物生长的潜在限制因子。根据营养状态指数评价模式和有机污染评价指数计算结果显示,2010年春季钦州湾海域营养水平属于中营养水平,有机污染程度属4级,表明钦州湾表层海水水质已达到中度污染。  相似文献
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