首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   15篇
  完全免费   2篇
  评价与监测   17篇
  2019年   1篇
  2018年   1篇
  2017年   1篇
  2016年   1篇
  2015年   2篇
  2014年   1篇
  2013年   1篇
  2012年   2篇
  2008年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
  2006年   2篇
  2003年   1篇
  2001年   1篇
  2000年   1篇
排序方式: 共有17条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
城市区域大气颗粒物的健康效应研究   总被引:8,自引:4,他引:4  
从大气颗粒物的来源和转化、人体损伤及毒理学角度3个方面探讨了其对人体健康效应的影响。结果表明,次微米和纳米粒径级别的大气颗粒物及其化学组成能在最大程度上损伤人体机能。粒径不一的颗粒物有不同的沉积机制、沉积部位和沉积量,化学价态是重金属离子毒性大小的首要因子。从次微米级水平来研究颗粒物的毒性,才能为制定更为有效的大气颗粒物污染防治措施以及在研究大气颗粒物对人体损伤机理方面提供相应的科学依据。  相似文献
2.
X-荧光光谱法在土壤调查中的应用   总被引:4,自引:2,他引:2  
采用硼酸镶边、垫底压制土壤粉末样品,用X-荧光光谱仪分析其中铜、铅、铬、锌、镍等元素浓度。主要讨论了样品粒度对分析元素测定结果的影响。分析了标准样品及实际样品,其结果与标准值及化学法、原子吸收法测定结果相吻合。用土壤标准物质作精密度试验,统计结果表明,各组分RSD均小于3.74%。  相似文献
3.
太原市大气颗粒物中重金属的污染特征及来源解析   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1  
为了解太原市采暖期大气颗粒物不同粒径中重金属的污染特征及其来源,于2012年10月—2013年2月对环境空气中颗粒物采样,用原子吸收分光光度法测定样品中Fe、Pb、Cu、Ni、Cr、Cd、Mn、Zn等8种元素的含量。结果表明,太原市采暖期重金属浓度从高到低依次为Fe>Pb>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Cd。重金属Pb、Mn、Zn、Ni、Cd主要富集在PM2.5中;Cr主要富集在PM10中;Cu主要富集在PM5中;Fe主要在粒径大于2.5μm的粗粒子中富集。除Zn外,其他7种元素浓度均表现为灰霾期>采暖期>采暖前。通过主因子分析表明,太原市大气颗粒物中重金属主要来源于冶金、有机合成工业、燃煤、汽车尾气、土壤尘等。  相似文献
4.
西宁市典型开放源颗粒物粒径组成特征分析   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
采用BT-9300S激光粒度仪分析了西宁市道路尘、扬尘、土壤尘、建筑尘4种典型开放源的粒径组成。结果表明,4种类型尘中大粒径颗粒物占主导地位,粒径大于10 μm颗粒占到全部颗粒的73.80%以上,可吸入颗粒物的含量仅占7.06%~26.20%;建筑尘的细颗粒物含量最高,粒径小于2.5、1 μm的颗粒含量分别为8.36%±4.25%、2.42%±1.02%;道路尘的细颗粒物含量最低,粒径小于2.5、1 μm的颗粒含量分别为2.30%±0.94%、0.73%±0.28%;4种类型尘的体积平均直径、面积平均直径、中位直径分别在37.70~87.99 μm、8.50~23.53 μm、28.95~74.98 μm之间,其中道路尘的3种粒径参数最大,建筑尘最小;开放源颗粒物的粒度分布曲线主要呈头长尾短的不对称单峰分布,累积频率曲线为两段式,存在较为明显的拐点。  相似文献
5.
株洲市某交通干道夏季细颗粒物分布特征及相关因素   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
2014年夏季采用扫描电迁移率粒径谱仪,选取株洲市某交通干道附近,对其环境细颗粒物进行连续测量,并统计干道的车流量。实验结果表明:环境中的细颗粒物数浓度呈双峰分布,峰值一般出现在9.47~17.5、98.2~121.9 nm粒径段,晴天和雨天不同粒径段的细颗粒物数浓度的波动性不一致,降水过程对细颗粒有一定的去除作用。结合所观测的机动车流量和所排放的细颗粒物粒径谱,分析其与细颗粒物浓度之间的关系,可初步判断该环境中爱根核模态的细颗粒物来源于机动车排放。  相似文献
6.
宁波和温州地区夏季大气中不同粒径颗粒物特征分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
对宁波地区北仑和奉化站、温州地区乐清站3个监测点夏季TSP、PM10、PM2.5和PM1.0进行监测,测试分析各种粒径颗粒物浓度水平和粒径分布特征,并通过化学质量平衡(CMB)受体模型对颗粒物进行源解析。监测结果显示,夏季宁波、温州地区TSP和PM10日均浓度为0.049~0.134mg/m3和0.025~0.084mg/m3,均未超过我国环境空气质量二级标准;PM2.5日均浓度为0.007~0.069mg/m3,按美国2006年EPA最新标准限值0.035mg/m3衡量,奉化、乐清、北仑站的超标天数占总监测天数的比例分别为75%、40%和37.5%。粒径分布统计结果显示,3个监测站点PM10占TSP的比例为48.78%~86.96%;PM2.5占TSP的比例为33.33%~72.46%;奉化和乐清监测点PM10中PM2.5和PM1.0的比例平均值在50%以上。源解析结果显示,夏季TSP主要来源于土壤尘,其次是建筑尘和煤烟尘,其贡献率分别为40.70%~55.49%、9.62%~13.64%和5.85%~17.28%。  相似文献
7.
The paper presents a study into air borne respirable dust (ARD) concentration at various workplaces in two open cast chromite mines of Sukinda chromite belt, India. One of these mines is mechanised and the other one is semi-mechanised. The study has been conducted in three phases and ARD concentration has been measured at various workplaces in both the mines. Apart from the determination of ARD concentration, the dust samples collected on filter papers were analysed for hexa-valent chromium by colorimetric method and Cr(VI) direct absorption measurement. In addition, the particle size ranges in ARD have been determined by using cascade impactor fitted onto high volume samplers and laser guided particle size analyser. The paper finally presents a comparison between ARD concentration vis-à-vis the presence of hexa-valent chromium concentration in collected samples of both mechanised and semi-mechanised mines.  相似文献
8.
Lignite mining operations and lignite-fired power stations result in major particulate pollution (fly ash and fugitive dust) problems in the areas surrounding these activities. The problem is more complicated, especially, for urban areas located not far from these activities, due to additional contribution from the urban pollution sources. Knowledge of the distribution of airborne particulate matter into size fraction has become an increasing area of focus when examining the effects of particulate pollution. On the other hand, airborne particle concentration measurements are useful in order to assess the air pollution levels based on national and international air quality standards. These measurements are also necessary for developing air pollutants control strategies or for evaluating the effectiveness of these strategies, especially, for long periods. In this study an attempt is made in order to investigate the particle size distribution of fly ash and fugitive dust in a heavy industrialized (mining and power stations operations) area with complex terrain in the northwestern part of Greece. Parallel total suspended particulates (TSP) and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM10) concentrations are analyzed. These measurements gathered from thirteen monitoring stations located in the greater area of interest. Spatial, temporal variation and trend are analyzed over the last seven years. Furthermore, the geographical variation of PM10 – TSP correlation and PM10/TSP ratio are investigated and compared to those in the literature. The analysis has indicated that a complex system of sources and meteorological conditions modulate the particulate pollution of the examined area.  相似文献
9.
Beryllium concentrations in atmospheric particulate and soil samples in and around a Beryllium Processing Facility (BPF) have been measured. The mean air concentration level of beryllium in and around the fence line of the BPF is 0.48 ± 0.43 ng m-3 (n = 397) and is mostly influenced by diurnaland seasonal changes. The observed air concentration levelswere well below the prescribed ambient air quality (AAQ)standard of 10 ng m-3. The soil concentration levels ofberyllium in the study area were found to be in the range of 1.42–2.75 g g-1. The mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD)of beryllium aerosols in ambient air was found to be 6.9 m.Source identification using the Enrichment Factor (EF) approachindicates soil as the predominant contributory source for air concentrations at the site.  相似文献
10.
Particulate matter emissions from stack number 2 of a majorferrochrome smelter, Zimbabwe Mining and Smelting Company(ZIMASCO) were characterized and the rates at which the elementsCr, Fe, Cu and Zn and total ferrochrome dust are emitted into theatmosphere were determined. The extent of soil contamination bythe dust deposited around the smelter in the generally prevailingsoutheasterly wind direction around the smelter was carried out.The highest concentrations of Cr and Fe occurred in the fineparticulates of sizes less than 59 m whilst that of Cu and Znoccurred in the coarse particulates of size range 70-100 m.The emission rates from stack 2 were; total ferrochromeparticulates 62.17 kg h-1, Cr 6.217 kg h-1, Fe 2.423 kg h-1, Zn42 mg h-1 and 6 mg h-1 for Cu. Particulate matter was emitted at arate of 289 mg m-3 from stack number 2. This value exceeds thelegal limit of 200 mg m-3. Chromium and iron are the metalsin the largest amounts. The particles that constitute the largestproportion of the dust were in the range of 58-107.5 m. Thisis a characteristic feature of the particulate matter emissionsfrom ZIMASCO. Soils in the downwind direction from the smelterwere polluted with Cr up to a distance of about 700 m outward fromthe perimeter of the boundary of the smelter.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号