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1.
制定南京市机动车污染防治地方性法规的思考   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
简述了南京市机动车污染现状,分析了目前机动车污染防治规章在实施过程中存在的问题。借鉴国内其他城市机动车污染防治相关法规的规定及其成功经验,提出应建立部门联动机制,加强尾气执法监管,强化定期检测和监督抽测,确保达标排放,启动环保标志管理,积极推进区域限行,完善管理手段,逐步淘汰高污染车辆,建立信息平台,加强对在用车维修治理工作的监管。  相似文献
2.
污染防治设施运行状态监控网开发应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用现代成熟的计算机技术、公用电话网通讯技术及 TMR电话抄表机电能测试技术 ,实现对污染治理设施进行远程监控并具有报警能力。监控中心计算机界面友好 ,可对现场监控数据随时查询、检索、打印。经试点 ,效果良好 ,具有应用推广价值  相似文献
3.
Following the implementation of the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations on 1st August 2000, health authorities (now Primary Care Trusts) became statutory consultees for permits issued to industry by the environmental regulators (the Environmental Agency, Local Authorities). The aims of this paper are to review the process of providing public health input in the light of its similarities to and differences from HIA and to identify the opportunities for both HIA and PPC to learn from each other's practice. We emphasise the challenges that are encountered by public health professionals who provide the public health input in the PPC. We use both our own experience of providing this input on behalf of health authorities and our expertise in HIA, environmental epidemiology and contaminated land.  相似文献
4.
The precautionary principle is increasingly discussed in debates over appropriate measures to address complex and uncertain risks. The principle has generally been defined as having two main components: preventive action in the face of uncertainty and reversing the burden of proof. In isolation, these two components would suggest that precaution is primarily reactive to potential problems rather than proactive. More recent statements have suggested that thorough assessment of alternatives is critical to the effective implementation of the precautionary principle. Alternatives assessment—also referred to as options analysis and facility planning—redirects environmental science and policy debates from characterizing problems to identifying solutions. In this commentary, we examine the rationale for a focus on alternatives assessment in implementing the precautionary principle. We examine methods and examples of alternatives assessment, as well as opportunities for the principle's integration in environmental policy. We argue that a greater focus on alternatives assessment can enhance the ability of decision makers to make truly precautionary decisions, stimulate innovation toward sustainable production, and more effectively place burdens on to those creating risks. Such a focus forms an essential component of a shift from “problem-based” environmental policy to “solutions-based” policy. This shift requires adequate research resources, tools, and a government commitment to a new paradigm of environmental protection. We conclude that we will only reach the goal of sustainable production if we change our environmental protection focus from figuring out how bad the situation will be to seeking alternatives to problematic activities and designing the conditions for a more sustainable future.  相似文献
5.
Seaports are major hubs of economic activity and of environmental pollution in coastal urban areas. Due to increasing global trade, transport of goods through ports has been steadily increasing and will likely continue to increase in the future. Evaluating air pollution impacts of ports requires consideration of numerous sources, including marine vessels, trucks, locomotives, and off-road equipment used for moving cargo. The air quality impacts of ports are significant, with particularly large emissions of diesel exhaust, particulate matter, and nitrogen oxides. The health effects of these air pollutants to residents of local communities include asthma, other respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and premature mortality. In children, there are links with asthma, bronchitis, missed school days, and emergency room visits. The significance of these environmental health impacts requires aggressive efforts to mitigate the problem. Approaches to mitigation encompass a range of possibilities from currently available, low-cost approaches, to more significant investments for cleaner air. Examples of the former include restrictions on truck idling and the use of low-sulfur diesel fuel; the latter includes shore-side power for docked ships, and alternative fuels. A precautionary approach to port-related air pollution would encourage local production of goods in order to reduce marine traffic, greener design for new terminals, and state-of-the art approaches to emissions-control that have been successfully demonstrated at ports throughout the world.  相似文献
6.
Green chemistry     
A grand challenge facing government, industry, and academia in the relationship of our technological society to the environment is reinventing the use of materials. To address this challenge, collaboration from an interdisciplinary group of stakeholders will be necessary. Traditionally, the approach to risk management of materials and chemicals has been through inerventions intended to reduce exposure to materials that are hazardous to health and the environment. In 1990, the Pollution Prevention Act encouraged a new tact-elimination of hazards at the source. An emerging approach to this grand challenge seeks to embed the diverse set of environmental perspectives and interests in the everyday practice of the people most responsible for using and creating new materials—chemists. The approach, which has come to be known as Green Chemistry, intends to eliminate intrinsic hazard itself, rather than focusing on reducing risk by minimizing exposure. This chapter addresses the representation of downstream environmental stakeholder interests in the upstream everyday practice that is reinventing chemistry and its material inputs, products, and waste as described in the “12 Principles of Green Chemistry”.  相似文献
7.
伊布.   《干旱环境监测》1998,12(2):104-109
对新疆工业污染的现状及产生的原因进行了分析论述,并提出了相应的防治对策。  相似文献
8.
以规模化畜禽养殖业为调查对象,主要调查统计了蛋鸡、肉鸡、猪、肉牛、奶牛、羊。根据调查和数据统计,掌握了鞍山市规模化畜禽养殖业的特点及规模化畜禽养殖业污染物的排放量,并以此提出了污染防治对策。  相似文献
9.
当前,河道型水库水污染问题(包括水库自身及其支流)受到越来越多的关注.黄柏河是长江的一级支流,属于葛洲坝水库流域,受葛洲坝水库蓄水影响,其水体水动力条件完全改变,使水体污染日益严重,已严重影响到沿岸经济的发展.根据1998 - 2002年黄柏河河道断面水质监测资料,进行水质现状评价,分析引起流域水体污染的主要环境问题及其产生原因,提出黄柏河流域水污染综合防治措施.  相似文献
10.
赖继荣 《干旱环境监测》2002,16(1):29-30,44
对永定县酸雨污染现状进行了分析,并提出了防治对策。  相似文献
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