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1.
浅谈生态影响型建设项目竣工环保验收调查报告编制   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10       下载免费PDF全文
阐述了编制生态影响型建设项目竣工验收调查报告的重点和内容。该报告的编制重点应是施工期为减轻施工对周围生态环境影响采取的保护措施调查、竣工后环境恢复措施调查和工程建设前后周围环境质量变化调查与监测;该报告的编制内容包括介绍验收调查任务的由来、验收调查的依据、确定验收调查重点和采用的评价标准,对工程概况和环境概况也需进行简要描述。指出生态环境影响调查水、气、声环境质量调查和环境管理制度调查是调查报告的核心部分,并且环境影响报告结论及有关批复内容和对公众意见调查所起的作用也不容忽视。  相似文献
2.
生态工程治理玄武湖水污染效果的监测与评价   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
选取总磷、总氮、叶绿素a、浮游生物、浮游植物等多项环境监测指标,对利用生态工程治疗玄武湖水环境污染的效果进行了环境监测与评价。指出生态工程治理玄武湖水环境污染效果显著,经过治理使湖水中生物多样性大大增加,浮游植物大幅减少,湖水透明度增加,总磷、总氮等主要指标大幅下降,生态工程区中的水环境已从高度富营养化降到中度富营养化。  相似文献
3.
自动监测技术在污染物总量控制监测上的应用   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
为配合<"九五"期间全国主要污染物排放总量控制计划>的实施,中国环境监测总站与燕化公司环境保护监测站合作,在燕化公司某化工厂排放口设立了水污染物总量控制自动监测技术示范工程.该示范工程采用在线流量计、pH计、COD仪、油监测仪、采样器等监测设备和技术,对水污染物在线自动监测技术进行了多方面的试验,为实施水污染物总量控制的在线自动监测提供了经验.  相似文献
4.
Total captures, species richness, diversity, and assemblages of adult carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in a boreal mixed-wood ecosystem study were compared among unharvested, and clear-cut plots untreated or treated with herbicides (Vision® and Release®), mechanical treatments (brush saw and Silvana Selective). Carabids were sampled using unbaited pitfall traps for one growing season 7 and 9 years after clear-cutting, in the second growing season after competition control was applied. A total of 5032 individuals representing 30 species were collected between June 1 and September 25, 1995. Total catches were not affected by the harvest or the conifer release alternatives applied. Species richness and diversity increased following conifer release alternatives. Ten species showed habitat preferences after treatment whereas the remaining 20 species were not significantly affected by treatment.  相似文献
5.
Total captures, species richness, diversity, and assemblages of adult carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in a boreal mixed-wood ecosystem study were compared among unharvested, and clear-cut plots untreated or treated with herbicides (Vision® and Release®), mechanical treatments (brush saw and Silvana Selective). Carabids were sampled using unbaited pitfall traps for one growing season 7 and 9 years after clear-cutting, in the second growing season after competition control was applied. A total of 5032 individuals representing 30 species were collected between June 1 and September 25, 1995. Total catches were not affected by the harvest or the conifer release alternatives applied. Species richness and diversity increased following conifer release alternatives. Ten species showed habitat preferences after treatment whereas the remaining 20 species were not significantly affected by treatment.  相似文献
6.
玄武湖引水工程的环境效益分析   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
从现有引水工程环境实施效果入手,通过小试试验,响应模型计算及投资效益分析,提出了引水工程的改进方案。  相似文献
7.
湖泊富营养化控制理论与技术   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
从外部控制及内部控制二方面综述了湖泊富营养化的控制理论与技术,讨论了各项技术的优缺点及可行性,并提出了相应的发展方向。  相似文献
8.
深圳市政污水排海工程排污混合区范围的确定   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
应用全场数学模型模拟了深圳排海的市政污水中悬浮物、化学需氧量、无机氮、活性磷酸盐及大肠菌群5个污染因子在海域大潮和小潮时对海域面积的影响。指出在不同水文条件和23m^3/d排放量下,不同质量浓度的活性磷酸盐和大肠菌群超过Ⅲ类海水水质标准的影响面积在大潮时分别为0.04km^2和7.72km^2,小潮时分别大于0.08km^2和6.16km^2;无机氮由于海水本底值较高,使得这一指标在全海域内超过Ⅲ类海水水质标准;而化学需氧量和总悬浮物质量浓度符合Ⅲ类海水水质标准。通过将现场监测资料用数模计算,提出排海污水混合区面积为1.5km^2。同时还引用部分国外的计算公式,对几种混合区允许范围进行了估算。  相似文献
9.
This paper takes the ecological water conveyance project (EWCP) that transfers water from the Bosten Lake, to Daxihaizi Reservoir, and finally to the Taitema Lake as a case study to analyze the dynamic change of the groundwater depth, the vegetation responses to the elevation of the groundwater depth as well as the relationship between the groundwater depth and the natural vegetation. The results from many years’ monitoring in field indicate: (1) the groundwater depth has been elevating gradually with the increase in the times of watering and the elevation range has been expanding continuously in the lower reaches of Tarim River. Correspondingly, the natural vegetation has a favorable response to the elevation of the groundwater depth. The change of the natural vegetation has accordance with that of the groundwater depth. Such facts not only show that groundwater is a key factor to the growth of the native vegetation but also prove it is feasible that the degraded ecosystem can be restored and protected by the EWCP; (2) the results of analysis of the spatial-temporal response of the natural vegetation to watering reveals that the beneficial influence of the EWCP on the ecosystem in the lower Tarim River is a long-term process; (3) in terms of the function and structure of ecosystem after watering in the lower reaches of Tarim River, the EWCP does not still reach the goal of ecological restoration at a large spatial scale at present. Based on such monitoring results, some countermeasures and suggestions for the future restoration strategy are proposed so as to provide a theoretical basis for restoring and protecting the ecosystem in Tarim River, and meanwhile it can also provide some scientific references for implementing the similar ecological projects in other areas.  相似文献
10.
环境质量评价中关键因子识别的方法研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
应用投影寻踪聚类方法分析环境影响指标的数据资料 ,不但可以根据数据内在特性确定各评价指标的相对权重 ,避免权重人为给定的任意性 ,而且还可以通过逐次筛选找出影响环境质量的关键因子。本文将该方法成功地应用于南京市秦淮河水环境评价中 ,筛选出了影响秦淮河水质的关键因子 ,可供秦淮河水环境监测和治理作参考。另一方面 ,该方法还可以推广应用于其它类似问题的综合分析研究中。  相似文献
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