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1.
双波长分光光度法同时测定叶绿素a、b   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
介绍了同时测定叶绿素a、b 的双波长分光光度法。该法不进行预分离,直接测定,操作简便,结果与先分离、再以强氧化剂消解后分别测定镁离子浓度进而推算叶绿素a、b 浓度的原子吸收法有一定可比性,本法具有进一步推广应用的价值。  相似文献
2.
建立了淡水鱼类中多氯联苯和有机氯农药等36种半挥发性有机物的同时测定方法。样品用正己烷和丙酮(体积比为1∶ 1)进行提取,提取溶液经凝胶色谱和弗罗里硅土两级净化,浓缩后采用气相色谱法测定,回收率为70.3%~84.8%,检出限为0.05~0.20ng/g。该方法准确度和回收率较好,适合淡水鱼类中多氯联苯和有机氯农药含量的测定。  相似文献
3.
离子色谱法同时测定大气中二氧化硫和氮氧化物   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
建立以2.2mmol/L的Na2CO3和2.7mmol/L的NaHCO3的混合溶液为吸收液,同时串联两个大气采样瓶采样,第一个采样瓶的吸收液内含质量体积比为0.05%的乙二胺四乙酸二钠盐(EDTA)吸收大气中SO2和NO2,第二个采样瓶的吸收液中内舍质量体积比为0.9%的过氧化氢采集大气中的NO,采样后用离子色谱法测定,若用10ml吸收液,采样体积为30L时,SO2的检出限为0.004mg/m3,可测浓度范围为0.03~26.7mg/m3;NO2的检出限为6.7×10-4mg/m3,可测浓度范围为0.03~20mg/m3.方法简便快速、准确、选择性好,完全满足环境监测对大气中二氧化硫和氮氧化物的同时测定.  相似文献
4.
建立了一种利用吹扫捕集(P&T)-气相色谱(GC)/火焰光度检测器(FPD)同时测定水中16种致嗅类有机硫化物的分析方法。研究并优化了捕集阱类型、吹扫温度、吹扫时间,解吸温度以及解吸时间对P&T的影响。实验表明:大部分硫醚类和硫醇类化合物分别在1~100 ng/L和3~300 ng/L范围内线性良好,线性相关系数大于0.99;相对标准偏差小于9.47%(n=6);加标回收率为81.68%~115.18%。定量下限(10倍信噪比)范围从0.19 ng/L(二乙基二硫醚)到2.67 ng/L(2-甲基-1-丙硫醇)。采用此方法对北京市3条河流水样进行了检测,除1-丙基二硫醚和2-甲基-2-丙硫醇外,其他14种有机硫化物都有检出,质量浓度为1.95~1 282.35 ng/L。  相似文献
5.
将含有苯胺及联苯胺的水样过滤后加入乙腈(水样中乙腈比例为20%)直接进样,使用超高效液相色谱三重四极杆质谱联用法测定。通过选择离子反应监测,可实现定性和外标法定量分析。该法测定生活饮用水及其水源水中苯胺和联苯胺的最低检测浓度分别为2和0.2ng/mL,对实际样品的加标回收率为苯胺:112%~115%,联苯胺:84.5%~86.5%,该方法绿色环保、简单、具有较高的灵敏度和较低的检出限。  相似文献
6.
A simple method by first derivative spectrophotometry is proposed for the simultaneous determination of o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol. The analytes were separated from samples by liquid-liquid extraction (pH = 7.4) as tetrabutylammonium ion pairs into the 1,2-dichloroethane organic phase and subsequently the extracts were evaluated directly by derivative spectrophotometry. Simultaneous determination of both analytes could be carried out using the zero-crossing and the graphical methods for o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol, respectively. The determination ranges were found to be between 0.115 to 3.00 ppm and 0.130 to 3.00 ppm for o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol, respectively. The relative standard deviations were in all instances less than 2.0%. The proposed method was applied to the determination of these compounds in fruit juices.  相似文献
7.
A simple method by first derivative spectrophotometry is proposed for the simultaneous determination of o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol. The analytes were separated from samples by liquid-liquid extraction (pH = 7.4) as tetrabutylammonium ion pairs into the 1,2-dichloroethane organic phase and subsequently the extracts were evaluated directly by derivative spectrophotometry. Simultaneous determination of both analytes could be carried out using the zero-crossing and the graphical methods for o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol, respectively. The determination ranges were found to be between 0.115 to 3.00 ppm and 0.130 to 3.00 ppm for o-nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol, respectively. The relative standard deviations were in all instances less than 2.0%. The proposed method was applied to the determination of these compounds in fruit juices.  相似文献
8.
A first derivative spectrophotometric method has been developedfor the determination of parathion and p-nitrophenol in vegetabletissues. Ethanol was used as solvent for extracting the compoundsfrom the tissues and subsequently the samples were evaluated against a vegetable tissue blank, directly by derivative spectrophotometry. The simultaneous determination of these compounds can be carried out using the zero-crossing approach for parathion at 253.0 nm and for p-nitrophenol at 273.1 nm. In the samples each analyte was determined in the presence of one another in the ranges between 4.9 to 3883.5 g g-1 forparathion and 4.9 to 3285.3 g g-1 for p-nitrophenol.The detection limits (3) were found to be 1.5 and 1.4 g g-1 for parathion and p-nitrophenol, respectively. The relative standard deviations were in all instances less than1.8%. The proposed method was applied to the determination ofthe analytes in spiked leafs of corn. The results show a goodrecovery and they are in agreement with those obtained bypolarography.  相似文献
9.
通过应用FIA流动注射分析仪,成功进行水中挥发酚和氰化物的同时测定,测定数据准确、可靠、高效,大大缩短了测定时间,只需将两种标准配制成混合标样,一次取样完成两个项目的测定。回收率为93%~106%,相关系数达到0 9998以上。  相似文献
10.
对测定方法进行了改进,建立了用还原-偶氮分光光度法同时快速测定水中硝基苯和苯胺的分析方法。根据实验原理,对样品前处理装置进行了改进,实验步骤得到了简化,避免了样品溶液过滤转移过程造成样品损失,使样品前处理实验效率提高了90%以上;改进后的测定方法不仅可快速测定样品中硝基苯,还可同时测定样品中苯胺;达到了用一种分析方法同时测定样品中两种污染物的目的。方法精密度测定结果,相对标准偏差(n=6,RSD)为1.9%~3.2%;对硝基苯、苯胺混合标准样品以及实际废水样品进行了测定,并与原测定方法及苯胺国标测定方法进行了比对实验;测定结果具有一致性。加标实验回收率为96%~101%,表明方法准确可靠,可用于水和废水中硝基苯或硝基苯和苯胺的同时测定。  相似文献
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