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1.
水样中痕量有机物分析的前处理方法   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
对几种常用或新近发展起来的水中有机物分析的前处理方法作了简要论述 ,着重讨论了它们的应用特点、优缺点以及发展前景  相似文献
2.
采用固相微萃取与气相色谱-质谱联用测定饮用水中甲基叔丁基醚(MTBE),研究了萃取头涂层材料、萃取温度、盐浓度、萃取时间和溶液的pH值等操作条件对分析方法的影响.该方法分析MTBE的线性范围0.01-10μg/L,检出限0.66ng/L.0.01μg/L的MTBE水样五组平行测定实验中,相对标准偏差为4.8%.用所建立的方法测得大兴某地下水中MTBE的含量0.8μg/L,加标回收率达到90%.  相似文献
3.
顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱法测定水中四乙基铅   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
建立了水中四乙基铅的测定方法——顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱法,探讨了影响水中四乙基铅萃取效率的温度、转速和萃取时间等因素。实验结果表明,在0.08~10μg/L范围内线性关系良好,方法检出限为0.02μg/L,实际水样加标回收率为96.2%~98.3%。  相似文献
4.
The aim of this study is to evaluate extensively the characterization and identification of major pollutant parameters by paying attention to the organic chemical pollution for unregulated dumping site leachate in Eskişehir/Turkey. The study that is first and only one research has been very important data related with before new sanitary landfill site in Eskişehir city. For this purpose, in this study leachate samples were collected in-situ at monthly interval for a period of 8 months. Firstly, thirty three physicochemical parameters were monitored. Secondly, SPME technique was used for identification of organic pollutants. Meteorological data were also recorded for the same sampling period to correlate meteorological data and physicochemical parameters. Mean values are used in the correlation analysis. Correlation is shown only for the relationship between air temperature and NO3 . No correlation has been found between rain and leachate quality parameters since the amount of rain was very low during the sampling period. However, analysis results were generally decreased in winter season when each parameter and each sampling point are examined separately. According to correlation between every parameter, especially solid content and dissolved oxygen concentration of leachate is affecting to other parameters. Also, sodium and potassium are changing proportionally with same parameters (suspended solids, fixed solids, dissolved oxygen) and high correlation between chloride and heavy metal concentration is showing. The results were statistically evaluated by use of SPSS 10.0 program. Second part of the study, the leachate was extracted by Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) technique and then analyzed. Of the methodologies tested in this study, the best one selected was based on 100 μ m polydimethylsiloxane coated fiber (PDMS), headspace with heating (Δ HS) sampling mode and an extraction time of 15 min. at a temperature of 50 o C. Thirty three organic compounds in leachate were identified by GC/MS.  相似文献
5.
基于固相微萃取技术的GC法测定水中多环芳烃   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采取新型大容量固相微萃取器与热解吸/气相色谱联用技术,测定饮用水源地水样中的多环芳烃(主要是微量的萘、联苯及菲)。其实验最佳萃取时间为90 min,最佳解吸时间为5 min。该方法的回收率在68.2%~112.2%之间,最低检出限在2.0~3.0μg/L之间,并对饮用水源地的水质进行了检测。  相似文献
6.
固相微萃取-气相色谱法测定水中酞酸酯类化合物   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
建立了固相微萃取(SPME)-气相色谱(GC)法分析环境水样中痕量酞酸酯类化合物(PAEs)的方法。选用65 μm PDMS/CVB萃取纤维,在磁力搅拌转速为700 r/min、萃取温度为60℃条件下,对水样中的PAEs萃取富集50 min,然后直接注入GC进样口,在 250℃ 温度下解吸1.5 min后进行分析测定,6种PAEs能得到充分提取和分离。方法的检出限为0.010 8~0.029 3 μg/L。对水样进行3个质量浓度水平(0.025、0.125、0.25 μg/L)的加标实验,加标回收率为41.79%~132.80%,RSD为6.53%~18.74%(n=7),用该法测定了某制药厂的实际水样,测得DBP含量为0.018 6 μg/L,DEHP、 DMP、DEP、DOP、BBP均未检测到。  相似文献
7.
固相微萃取-气相色谱法测定生活污水中壬基酚   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
采用固相微萃取-气相色谱法测定生活污水中的壬基酚,优化了萃取纤维涂层材料、萃取时间与温度、解析时间与温度、盐度、pH值、搅拌速度等试验参数。方法在0.001mg/L-1.00mg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.0006mg/L,标准溶液平行测定的RSD为7.6%,生活污水加标回收率为42.7%-74.0%。  相似文献
8.
周宁孙  林荣儿 《干旱环境监测》1999,13(4):207-212,231
介绍了固相微萃取法(SPME)的原理,装置,影响因素及其在水质监测中的应用和发展趋势,并比较了一些有机物的SPME研究情况。  相似文献
9.
The aim of this study is to evaluate extensively the characterization and identification of major pollutant parameters by paying attention to the organic chemical pollution for unregulated dumping site leachate in Eskişehir/Turkey. The study that is first and only one research has been very important data related with before new sanitary landfill site in Eskişehir city. For this purpose, in this study leachate samples were collected in-situ at monthly interval for a period of 8 months. Firstly, thirty three physicochemical parameters were monitored. Secondly, SPME technique was used for identification of organic pollutants. Meteorological data were also recorded for the same sampling period to correlate meteorological data and physicochemical parameters. Mean values are used in the correlation analysis. Correlation is shown only for the relationship between air temperature and NO3 . No correlation has been found between rain and leachate quality parameters since the amount of rain was very low during the sampling period. However, analysis results were generally decreased in winter season when each parameter and each sampling point are examined separately. According to correlation between every parameter, especially solid content and dissolved oxygen concentration of leachate is affecting to other parameters. Also, sodium and potassium are changing proportionally with same parameters (suspended solids, fixed solids, dissolved oxygen) and high correlation between chloride and heavy metal concentration is showing. The results were statistically evaluated by use of SPSS 10.0 program. Second part of the study, the leachate was extracted by Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) technique and then analyzed. Of the methodologies tested in this study, the best one selected was based on 100 μ m polydimethylsiloxane coated fiber (PDMS), headspace with heating (Δ HS) sampling mode and an extraction time of 15 min. at a temperature of 50 o C. Thirty three organic compounds in leachate were identified by GC/MS.  相似文献
10.
利用100μmPDMS(聚二甲基硅氧烷)涂层,建立了非平衡固相微萃取_气相色谱_质谱联用测定水中甲拌磷的新方法。在萃取效果确证的基础上,对溶液体积、萃取时间、搅拌速度和溶液离子强度等实验条件进行了优化。方法的线性范围为0 005~50μg/L,相关系数为0 997,检测限(信噪比3∶1)为0 002μg/L,对于0 1μg/L的甲拌磷相对标准偏差(n=6)为7 16%。所建立的方法直接用于田间表面水和河水样品中甲拌磷的测定,结果满意。  相似文献
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