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固体废弃物浸出毒性特性及美国EPA的实验室测定(待续)   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
王炳华  赵明 《干旱环境监测》2001,15(4):224-230,233
围绕固体废弃物浸出毒性特性这个中心,综述了它在有害废弃物的鉴别和管理,在执行陆地处置限制法规过程中的重要作用。以及在保护水资源、特别是地下水资源方面的重要意义。并简要介绍和评论了美国固体废弃物浸出毒性的实验室测定方法EPT和TCLP。  相似文献
2.
The leaching tests, including the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), EDTA extraction and BCR sequential extractions before and after EDTA treatments, were performed on two specific soils to elucidate heavy metal-associated mineral fractions and general leachability. The TCLP illustrated the low leachability of heavy metals in soils from two sites. EDTA is a strong chelator and therefore had higher extraction efficiency compared to that of TCLP. The lower extraction percentages by EDTA for As and Sb were found compared to the other heavy metals derived from anthropogenic sources. Sequential extractions showed that the importance of acid-extractable, organically-bound and Fe–Mn oxide fractions was identified for anthropogenic heavy metals with the exception of As and Ni while the importance of residual fraction was identified for endogenous metals. Changes in sequential fractions of heavy metals after leaching with EDTA are very complex and it is difficult to generalize on which fraction was more mobile than the others. These combined results are helpful in elucidating the association of heavy metals to soil fractions and the mobility characteristics of heavy metals under certain environmental conditions.  相似文献
3.
王炳华  赵明 《干旱环境监测》2002,16(1):50-53,62
围绕固体废弃物浸出毒性特性这个中心,综述了它在有害废弃物的鉴别和管理,在执行陆地处置限制法规过程中的重要作用。以及在保护水资源,特别是地下水资源方面的重要意义,并简要介绍和评论了美国固体废弃物浸出毒性的实验室测定方法ETP和TCLP。  相似文献
4.
建立了一种利用固相萃取法对固体废物浸出液(TCLP)中二硝基苯进行萃取,DB-5石英毛细管柱(30 m×0.25 mm×0.25 μm)进行分离,质谱检测器检测二硝基苯的方法。方法在0.002 0~0.020 0 mg/L之间线性关系良好,二硝基苯三种同分异构体的检出限均为0.5 μg/L,模拟样品加标回收率为93%~96%,RSD≤2%;实际固体废物样品测定的加标回收率为95%~98%。  相似文献
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