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1.
阳极溶出伏安法快速测定地表水中镉   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
利用阳极溶出伏安法原理,采用PDV 6000型重金属快速分析仪测定地表水中的镉。在1.25μg/L~40.0μg/L范围内,质量浓度与阳极溶出峰电流和峰面积呈良好的线性关系,方法检出限为0.001 mg/L,水样平行测定的RSD为8.9%,加标回收率为80.5%~118%,与石墨炉原子吸收光谱法的测定结果基本一致。  相似文献
2.
采用Nafion修饰汞膜电极微分脉冲阳极溶出伏安法测定蔬菜中的铅,选择0.1 mol/L NH4NO3作为支持电解质,富集时间420 s,搅拌速度300 r/min,Nafion修饰体积10 μL,考察了共存离子的干扰.方法在0.01 μg/L~ 14.0 μg/L范围内线性良好,检出限为0.2 μg/L,铅酸电池厂附近蔬菜样品的测定结果与石墨炉原子吸收光谱法相吻合,加标回收率为89.5%~106%.  相似文献
3.
人工神经网络用于铅的化学形态模拟计算   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
邓勃  莫华 《干旱环境监测》1996,10(3):155-162
用前馈线性网络法求解水体系中Pb(2+)与OH-之间的反应常数,不同训练算法对求解结果的精度、收敛速度及权值均有影响.结果表明,批处理算法的精度最好,权值不出现负值,但运算时间最长;在线算法的精度虽不如批处理算法,而比数据变换-在线算法好,权值有时会出现负值.运算时间较长;数据变换-在线算法的优点是运算时间短,但相对误差较大,权值出现负值的机会多。采用反馈网络模拟计算铅的各种化学形态的浓度.用物料核算的方法对反馈网络模型进行检验表明,此种模型用于平衡计算是可行的,详细分析了理论模拟和实验曲线的差异的原因,温度的影响最小,在4<pH<9时,CO有重要的影响.在国代检验时,n值取整所引入的误差的影响亦不可忽视。从本文的结果可以看到,采用前馈网络和反馈网络相结合的方法考察水体中的化学形态是可行的.从而为解决这一类问题提供了一种可能的途径.  相似文献
4.
The determination of trace amount nitrobenzene in wastewater on a hanging mercury drop electrode was studied. The determination conditions of pH, supporting electrolyte, accumulation potential, accumulation time, and voltammetric response were optimized. The sharp peak of the nitrobenzene was appeared at 0.05 V. The peak electric current was proportional to the concentration of nitrobenzene in the range of 1.47 × 10−5 ∼ 1.0 × 10−3 mol/l with relative standard deviations of 3.99 ∼ 8.94%. The detection limit of the nitrobenzene in water was 5 × 10−6 mol/l. The proposed method offered low limit of determination, easy operation, the use of simple instrumentation, high sensitivity and good reproducibility. It was applied to the determination of nitrobenzene in wastewater with an average recovery of 94.0% ∼ 105%. The proposed method provided fast, sensitive and sometimes real time detection of nitrobenzene.  相似文献
5.
M etalSafe 便携式分析仪快速测定水中重金属   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
以镉和铅为例,采用MetalSafe便携式分析仪快速测定水中重金属,介绍了基于阳极溶出伏安法的测定原理及仪器操作步骤和技术参数。采用标准加入法,镉和铅的校准曲线线性良好,检出限分别为0.022μg/L和0.025μg/L,两个质量浓度水平的镉和铅标准溶液平行测定的RSD≤0.6%,相对误差〈5%。与火焰原子吸收光谱法作对比试验,铅的测定数据经F检验和t检验表明不存在显著差异。  相似文献
6.
本文报道了一种阴极溶出伏安法测定硫脲的新方法。在乙二胺介质中,于-0.76V处出现硫脲峰电流.在PH11的条件下可获得很高的灵敏度。电富集10分钟便可测出0.05PPb(6.57×10~(-10)mol/L)的硫脲.硫脲在1~1000PPb浓度范围内呈良好的线性关系.此法可用了废水中痕量硫脲的测定。  相似文献
7.
本文报道了一种阴极溶出伏安法测定硫脲的新方法。在乙二胺介质中,于-0.76V处出现硫脲峰电流.在PH11的条件下可获得很高的灵敏度。电富集10分钟便可测出0.05PPb(6.57×10~(-10)mol/L)的硫脲.硫脲在1~1000PPb浓度范围内呈良好的线性关系.此法可用了废水中痕量硫脲的测定。  相似文献
8.
In this present work the distribution of heavy metals in sea water and sediments of the Salerno Gulf is measured. The elements determined were Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn and Hg, employing, as instrumental techniques, either differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS). A comparison of the results of the two analytical techniques is also made. Mercury determination was carried out employing the cold vapour atomic absorption spectroscopy (CVAAS) technique, with SnCl2 as the reducing agent. The sample digestion was performed by a new procedure using concentrated suprapure H2SO4–K2Cr2O7 mixture. The accuracy and precision of the analytical procedure were evaluated employing Sea Water BCR-CRM 403 and Estuarine Sediment BCR-CRM 277 as reference materials. Accuracy, expressed as relative error e and precision, expressed as relative standard deviation sr, were in order of 2 to 5%. For both matrices, the detection limits, for all the elements, were in the range g g-1 to ng g-1.  相似文献
9.
In this present work the distribution of heavy metals in sea water and sediments of the Salerno Gulf is measured. The elements determined were Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn and Hg, employing, as instrumental techniques, either differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS). A comparison of the results of the two analytical techniques is also made. Mercury determination was carried out employing the cold vapour atomic absorption spectroscopy (CVAAS) technique, with SnCl2 as the reducing agent. The sample digestion was performed by a new procedure using concentrated suprapure H2SO4–K2Cr2O7 mixture. The accuracy and precision of the analytical procedure were evaluated employing Sea Water BCR-CRM 403 and Estuarine Sediment BCR-CRM 277 as reference materials. Accuracy, expressed as relative error e and precision, expressed as relative standard deviation sr, were in order of 2 to 5%. For both matrices, the detection limits, for all the elements, were in the range g g-1 to ng g-1.  相似文献
10.
Cadmium and lead were determined simultaneously in seawater by differential pulse stripping voltammetry (DPSV) preceded by adsoptive collection of complexes with 8-hydroxyquinoline (oxine) on to a hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE). In preliminary experiments the optimal analytical condition for oxine concentration was found to be 2.10−5 M, at pH 7.7, the accumulation potential was −1.1 V, and the initial scannig potential was −0.8 V. The peak potentials were found −0.652 V for Cd and −0.463 V for Pb At the 60 s accumalation time. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitatification (LOQ) were found to be by voltammetry as 0.588 and 1.959 μg l−1 (RSD, 5.50%) for Cd and 0.931 and 3.104 μg l−1 (RSD, 4.10%) for Pb at 60 s stirred accumulation time respectively. In these conditions the most of the seawater samples are amenable for direct voltammetric determination of cadmium and lead using a HMDE. An adsorptive stripping mechanism of the electrode reaction was proposed. For the comparison, seawater samples were also analysed by ICP-atomic emission spectrometry method (ICP-AES). The applied voltammetric technique was validated and good recoveries were obtained.  相似文献
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