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The activity concentrations of soil samples collected from thirty different locations of Malwa region of Punjab were determined by using HPGe detector based on high-resolution gamma spectrometry system. The range of activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in the soil from the studied areas varies from 18.37 Bq kg−1 (Sangrur) to 53.11 Bq kg−1 (Sitoguno), 57.28 Bq kg−1 (Dhanola) to 148.28 Bq kg−1 (Sitoguno) and 211.13 Bq kg−1 (Sunam) to 413.27 Bq kg−1 (Virk Khera) with overall mean values of 35 Bq kg−1, 80 Bq kg−1and 317 Bq kg−1 respectively. The absorbed dose rate calculated from activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K ranges between 8.47 and 24.48, 35.68 and 92.38, and 8.74 and 17.11 nGy h−1, respectively. The total absorbed dose in the study area ranges from 58.08 nGy h−1 to 130.85 nGy h−1 with an average value of 79.11 nGy h−1. The calculated values of external hazard index (Hex) for the soil samples of the study area range from 0.35 to 0.79. Since these values are lower than unity, therefore, according to the Radiation Protection 112 (European Commission. Radiation Protection 112 1999) report, soil from these regions is safe and can be used as a construction material without posing any significant radiological threat to population.  相似文献
2.
利用IED22000A便携式微机多道能谱仪对成都市区土壤的天然放射性核素进行了直接就地测量,估算出天然环境放射性核素^238U、^232Th、^40K的比活度范围分别为10.37~77.19Bq/kg、17,85~225.74Bq/kg、284.83~892.67Bq/kg;外照射指数范围为0.16—0.8;离地面1m高的空气吸收剂量率均值为83.23nGy/h;1外照射年有效剂量当量为0.34~0.70mSv;等效镭浓度的变化范围是59.06-386.45Bq/kg,均值为164.15Bq/kg。各项指标均在容许范围之内,因而成都市属于外照射水平的安全区域,人居环境不受影响。  相似文献
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