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“湖泛”恶臭物质分析及来源浅析   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
介绍了中国南方"湖泛"中的恶臭物质及检测情况,采用常规分析和气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)对"湖泛"水样进行检测,认为"湖泛"恶臭物主要是氨和硫醚类物质。根据"湖泛"发生的时间及频次,结合南方地区农业水稻秧田的农药使用情况,推断氨基甲酸酯类农药的使用可能是"湖泛"发生的诱因。  相似文献
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In order to explore the environmental behavior of reduced sulfur compounds (RSC) as malodorous components emitted from diverse source processes, the distribution characteristics of four sulfur (S) compounds - hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), dimethyl sulfide (DMS: (CH3)2S), and dimethyl disulfide (DMDS: (CH3)2S2) – were investigated in a municipal landfill area. In the course of this study, their ambient concentration levels were measured during two time periods from 13 individual spots selected as a function of distance from the center of the landfill site. The results generally indicated the absolute dominance of H2S over the other S compounds investigated (up to 5 km radius) such that their mean values were found as 1415 (H2S), 148 (DMS), 20.6 (CH3SH), and 14.4 ppt (DMDS). When our data were compared in terms of either varying distance from the source or relationship with meteorological conditions, the H2S data sets were most evident to reflect the potential effects of strong source processes in the landfill environment, relative to other S gases (or to volatile organic compounds measured concurrently). The results of this study further indicated the relatively good correspondence between the measured H2S concentration level and humans' intuitive sensory of odor and nuisance.  相似文献
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建立一种利用便携式气相色谱仪快速、简便地测定恶臭气体样品中硫化物的方法,对硫化氢、甲硫醇、甲硫醚及二硫化碳能实现良好分离,光离子化检测器PID可实现甲硫醇、甲硫醚、二硫化碳的快速定性、定量分析,还能避免高浓度二氧化硫对测定的干扰,检出限分别为0.05、0.03、0.02ppm,精密度好,相对标准偏差RSD分别小于11.6%、7.89%和2.14%,经实际应用,效果良好。  相似文献
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