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1.
兰州大气微生物的监测与评价   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
报道了兰州大气微生物的污染状况,结果是城区比郊区污染严重。用中科院生态学研究中心制订的7级标准评价,兰州属污染和中度污染区,其污染程度高于北京,天津等城市。  相似文献
2.
BOD微生物传感器和BOD智能生物检测仪的研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
报道了一种具有广泛底物的高效菌种制成的 BOD微生物传感器及智能型快速 BOD测定仪。采用该仪器 ,可快速测定水中的 BOD,测定周期仅为 3 0分钟  相似文献
3.
The effects of eleven pesticides on the populations of bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi and protozoa was investigated by treating a garden soil with their recommended rates. The microbial populations were estimated using the standard plate-count technique. Of the ll pesticides investigated, phenylmercuric acetate (agrosan) at 50 g g-1 inhibited bacterial density the most, i.e. from 4,600,000 to 220 cells g-1. The pesticides were Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB), tetramethylmethylthiuram disulphide (thiram),1- naphthylmethylcarbamate (Vetox 85), 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane (Gammalin 20), phenylmercuric acetate (Agrosan), tetrachloroterephthalic acid (Dacthal), 4-nitrophenyl –2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl ether (Preforan), 2-ethyl-6-methyl –N-2-methoxy –1-methyl ethyl-chloroacetanide (Dual), Benlate, Brestan and Gramoxone. Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) at 240,000 g g-1 reduced bacterial population from 4,600,000 to 2,100 cells g-1, whereas tetramethylthiuram disulphide (thiram) at 100 g g-1 suppressed it by 2 log orders of magnitude. Soil application of 1-naphthylmethylcarbamate (Vetox 85) at 100 g g-1 and 1,2,3,4,5,6,-hexachlorocyclohexane (Gamalin 20) at 1,300 g g-1 repressed the bacterial numbers by 2 log orders of magnitude each. Pentachloronitrobenzene reduced the actinomycetes density from 340,000 to 320 cells g-1 and completely eliminated all fungal and protozoan propagules from the soil. The Gammalin 20 completely wiped out all the fungi, whereas phenylmercuric acetate totally eliminated all the protozoa and reduced the fungal population from 34,000 to 60 cells g-1. In general, protozoa and fungi were more susceptible to fungicides than bacteria and actinomycetes. Pentachloronitrobenzene, 1,2,3,4,5,6,-hexachlorocyclohexane and phenylmercuric acetate were toxic particularly to soil microorganisms, whereas the herbicides dacthal, Preforan and Dual were quite harmless in soil at application rates of 0.1, 0.06 and 0.02 g g-1 respectively.  相似文献
4.
Microbiological characteristics in a zero-valent iron reactive barrier   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Zero-valent iron (Fe0)-based permeable reactive barriertreatment has been generating great interest for passivegroundwater remediation, yet few studies have paid particularattention to the microbial activity and characteristics withinand in the vicinity of the Fe0-barrier matrix. The presentstudy was undertaken to evaluate the microbial population andcommunity composition in the reducing zone of influence byFe0 corrosion in the barrier at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plantsite. Both phospholipid fatty acids and DNA analyses were usedto determine the total microbial population and microbialfunctional groups, including sulfate-reducing bacteria,denitrifying bacteria, and methanogens, in groundwater andsoil/iron core samples. A diverse microbial community wasidentified in the strongly reducing Fe0 environment despitea relatively high pH condition within the Fe0 barrier (up topH 10). In comparison with those found in the backgroundsoil/groundwater samples, the enhanced microbial populationranged from 1 to 3 orders of magnitude and appeared to increase from upgradient of the barrier to downgradient soil. Inaddition, microbial community composition appeared to change overtime, and the bacterial types of microorganismsincreased consistently as the barrier aged. DNA analysisindicated the presence of sulfate-reducing and denitrifyingbacteria in the barrier and its surrounding soil. However, theactivity of methanogens was found to be relatively low,presumably as a result of the competition by sulfate/metal-reducing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria because of the unlimited availability of sulfate and nitrate in the site groundwater. Results of this study provide evidenceof a diverse microbial population within and in the vicinity ofthe iron barrier, although the important roles of microbial activity, either beneficially or detrimentally, on the longevityand enduring efficiency of the Fe0 barriers are yet to be evaluated.  相似文献
5.
微生物絮凝剂应用现状   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
微生物絮凝剂是一类由微生物产生的天然生物高分子物质。文章综述了微生物絮凝剂的发展及其特性,介绍了其分类、絮凝机理及其影响因素,并对其应用特别是在水处理技术方面的应用进行了简要概述。  相似文献
6.
大气微生物与气象条件及大气污染物的灰色关联分析   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
根据大气微生物浓度、气象因子和大气污染理化因子的监测结果,应用灰色关联分析原理,分析研究大气微生物浓度与气象条件和大气污染物的关联程度,说明气象因子对各类微生物浓度的影响大于大气污染因子,特别是对耐高渗透压霉菌。  相似文献
7.
吐鲁番市空气微生物浓度状况   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
对吐鲁番市空气微生物进行了初步测定。结果表明,室外平均空气细菌(B)、真菌(F)、总菌(T)的浓度及F/T分别为33106.3、0、33106.3CFU/m3及0,说明室外空气处于中度微生物污染状态.一些室外测点的空气已受到微生物的严重污染。室内平均空气细菌浓度为9982.2 CFU/m3,说明室内空气污染较重。室内外均未测到空气真菌。本文对吐鲁番市空气微生物浓度指标的时空分布状态作了分析。  相似文献
8.
环境空气中细菌总数和霉菌总数监测方法的研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
分别对环境空气中细菌和霉菌监测的不同采样仪器、采样方式、培养条件的结果进行对比分析,并进行差异显著性检验.结果表明,FA-1型和FA-2型采样器的采样结果无显著性差异;细菌和霉菌监测的采样时间以5min为最佳;细菌的培养以48h、37℃±1℃为优,霉菌的培养为96h、28℃±1℃为宜;对实验结果进行精密度检验,均达到了质量控制的要求.  相似文献
9.
洛阳市空气微生物污染初步调查   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
采用平皿沉降法对洛阳市空气微生物浓度进行了初步测定。结果表明:空气细菌、真菌和总菌的浓度分别为7448CFU/m^3、782CFU/m^3和9063CFU/m^3,真菌与总菌的浓度比值为8.64%,空气质量处于微污染水平;空气微牛物浓度空间差异显著,可分为中度污染、轻度污染、微污染和较清洁4个等级;从功能区划看,商业交通混合区污染最重,生活区和工业区空气质量最好;空气污染微生物主要为G^+球菌和交链孢,其次还有少量芽孢杆菌和青霉、曲霉、毛霉等。  相似文献
10.
浙江沿海海洋微生物群落的研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
沿海微生物群落与陆源排污、养殖生产和人类健康密切相关,使用API细菌鉴定系统时浙江沿海四个区域的微生物进行了调查研究,发现被调查的沿海微生物主要种类为杀鲑气单胞菌、少动鞘氨醇单胞菌等,浙江沿海四个区域的优势种组成有各自的特点.使用SPSS10.0软件对各个区域的微生物群落进行聚类性分析,结果表明象山港区域与其它区域差异较大.  相似文献
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