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利用SO2和硫酸盐化速率相关斜率,推算了有实际意义的总物质移动系数值,并确定了其允许范围,这为各地今后更地建立了硫酸盐化速率和大气SO2相关性提供技术依据。  相似文献
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青华 《干旱环境监测》2001,15(4):245-245,253
有2种不同方法制备的H2S标准溶液进行测定,结果表明,所得标准曲线斜率一致,因此,在实际工作中可对其灵活运用。  相似文献
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Food crops such as cassava, cocoyam and other tuber crops grown in mining communities uptake toxic or hazardous chemicals such as arsenic, and cadmium, from the soil. Cassava is a stable food for Ghanaians. This study evaluated human health risk from eating cassava grown in some mining communities in Ghana such as Bogoso, Prestea, Tarkwa and Tamso, which are important mining towns in the Western Region of Ghana. The study evaluated cancer and non-cancer health effects from eating cassava grown in the study areas in accordance with US Environmental Protection Agency’s Risk Assessment guidelines. The results of the study revealed the following: cancer health risk for Tamso, 0.098 (RME – Reasonable Maximum Exposure) and 0.082 (CTE – Central Tendency Exposure). This means that approximately 10 and 8 out of 100 resident adults are likely to suffer from cancer related cases by RME and CTE parameters respectively. For Prestea, we have 0.010 and 0.12, which also means that approximately 1 out of 100 and 10 resident adults out of 100 are also likely to suffer from cancer related diseases by RME and CTE parameters. The results of the study obtained were found to be above the acceptable cancer risk range of 1× 10−6 to 1× 10−4, i.e., 1 case of cancer out of 1 million or 100,000 people respectively.  相似文献
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This paper considers the two-dimensional saturated and unsaturated flow of water through inclined porous media, namely a waste dump or hill slope. Since the partial differential equation governing this water flow transforms from being parabolic to elliptic as the water flow varies from unsaturated to saturated, an iterative, finite differencing scheme is used to develop a numerical solution. The model can be used to investigate the effects that hill slope angle, depth of soil cover and hilltop width have on water accumulation in the dump and the time required for saturation to occur at different areas in the dump domain. The accuracy and reliability of the computer based solution is tested for two different boundary conditions – (1) no flow on all boundaries (i.e., the internal redistribution of soil moisture to steady state) and (2) a constant rainfall flux on the dump surface. Numerical studies then show the effects of changing the hill slope angle, depth of layer, and dump geometry on the flow characteristics in the dump.  相似文献
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为研究高架斜坡道路声场分布规律,根据城市快速路设计规范建立相应的斜坡道路模型,通过微观交通仿真软件结合噪声计算插件对其进行噪声动态模拟,获取三维空间的噪声值及道路垂直截面声场分布图,给出高架斜坡道路的声场分布规律。结果表明:高架斜坡道路上下坡两侧声场分布不对称,上坡一侧声影区界限划分较为明显,而下坡一侧声影区界限划分不明显;下坡侧接受点在高度4~20 m时,噪声值大于上坡侧对称点处的噪声值。  相似文献
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