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大气环境红线划定技术研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
大气环境质量安全底线是环境质量安全底线的重要内容,其划定工作能够更好地为环境管理提供服务.本研究旨在建立大气环境质量安全底线划定技术方法,为国家和地方大气环境质量安全底线划分和管控措施设计提供导引,为建立国家环境质量安全底线提供技术支撑.  相似文献
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概述了我国履行国际公约淘汰哈龙的整体情况,分析相关管理政策执行现状,指出了我国哈龙管理中存在的问题。根据澳大利亚哈龙回收和再利用管理的经验,提出在中国设立哈龙银行并实行三级管理机制,开发替代技术以及加强回收再利用等哈龙管理建议。  相似文献
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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD) and polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs) are among persistent polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons that exist as complex mixtures in the environment worldwide.The present study was attempted to investigate the hepatotoxicity following repeated exposure to TCDD and PCBs in combination in male rats,and to reveal the involvement of potential mechanisms.Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to TCDD(10 μg/kg) and Aroclor 1254(10 mg/kg,a representative mixture of PCBs) alone ...  相似文献
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T-2 toxin is one of the most important trichothecene mycotoxins occurring in various agriculture products. The developmental toxicity of T-2 toxin and the exact mechanism of action at early life stages are not understood precisely. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to different concentrations of the toxin at 4-6 hours post fertilization (hpf) stage of development, and were observed for different developmental toxic effects at 24, 48, 72, and 144 hpf. Exposure to 0.20 Ixmol/L or higher concentrations of T-2 toxin significantly increased the mortality and malformation rate such as tail deformities, cardiovascular defects and behavioral changes in early developmental stages of zebrafish. T-2 toxin exposure resulted in significant increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell apoptosis, mainly in the tall areas, as revealed by Acridine Orange staining at 24 hpf. In addition, T-2 toxin-induced severe tail deformities could be attenuated by co-exposure to reduced glutathione (GSH). T-2 toxin and GSH co-exposure induced a significant decrease of ROS production in the embryos. The overall results demonstrate that T-2 toxin is able to produce oxidative stress and induce apoptosis, which are involved in the developmental toxicity of T-2 toxin in zebrafish embryos.  相似文献
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