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以芜湖市高新技术开发区、中心城区和经济技术开发区为研究区域,于2008年春季对其地表灰尘中汞和砷含量、空间分布特征及其在粒径中的分布规律进行了研究.结果表明:芜湖市区地表灰尘中汞、砷含量范围分别为0.011~1.477mg·kg-1、3.533~169.368mg·kg-1,平均值分别为0.230、15.371mg·kg-1,分别是土壤背景值的1.9和1.5倍,存在一定程度的污染;;灰尘中汞含量在经济技术开发区较高,而砷则在高新技术开发区出现高值区;;汞属于空间中相关,说明其变异主要受随机或人为因素的影响;;砷属于空间强相关,说明其变异主要受土壤母质、土地利用方式等因素影响;;研究区地表灰尘汞和砷含量大体上呈随粒径减小而增加的趋势;;不同粒径上汞和砷含量的富集比例随粒径减小呈增加的趋势,汞和砷在>200目粒径上的平均富集比例分别为63.5%和55.8%,说明汞更容易富集在细小颗粒上.  相似文献
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客土覆盖对降低放射性锶在作物中积累的效应   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
采用模拟污染物的同位素示踪技术研究了客土覆盖对降低大豆和白菜(尤其是作物的可食用部分)中89Sr积累的效应.结果表明客土覆盖能有效降低大豆和后茬白菜对89Sr的吸收和积累,当客土覆盖深度为9cm时,豆籽、豆壳、豆秸和豆根中89Sr比活度分别下降了82.8%、56.4%、38.7%和66.5%,后茬白菜下降了68.8%;作物中吸收积累的89Sr比活度随客土覆盖深度的增加而下降,实验数据线性回归分析表明两者间呈显著线性负相  相似文献
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针对高矿化度含油污水处理,介绍了蒸发处理的技术概况,给出了可行的预处理方案,着重讨论了蒸发处理的影响因素,推导出自然水面蒸发量的计算公式,给出了蒸发池的基本形式和参数。  相似文献
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介绍了深井处置技术概况,探讨了污水深井处置的优缺点、处理费用,确定了选择深井的原则和污水处理的原则,同时对深井处置的水质标准进行了讨论。  相似文献
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A single particle aerosol mass spectrometer was deployed to measure the changes of single particle species and sizes during March 2015 in Weizhou Island of the Beibu Gulf, Guangxi province, South China. In this campaign, a total of 3,100,597 particles were sized, and 25.8%particles with both positive and negative mass spectrum were collected and 24.8%characterized in combination with the ART-2 a neural network algorithm. The distribution of sized particles was mainly in from 520 to 600 nm, and the diameters ranging from 340 to1000 nm accounted for above 90%. Eight types of particles were classified: Elemental Carbon containing(EC), Organic Carbon containing(OC), EC and OC combined containing particles,Na containing particles, K containing particles(K), Levoglucosan containing particles,mineral containing particles, and Heavy Metal containing particles(HM). EC, OC and K were the major containing particles, which accounted for 84.3% in the eight types particles. The relative ratio and size distribution of the three types were EC(48.1%, 620 nm), OC(12.7%,440 nm), and K(23.5%, 600 nm), respectively. The three types of particles were a bit increasing ratios compared with those in clean periods during haze pollution periods.Combined with the back-trajectory results from the Hysplit-4 model and local pollution sources revealed that the ambient air quality on the Weizhou Island may be influenced by biomass burning in the Indochina Peninsula(biomass burning in the Indochina Peninsula)from the transportation on higher level atmospheric layer and by mainland of south China located northeast of Weizhou Island on the ground.  相似文献
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Time-resolved single-particle measurements were conducted during Chinese New Year in Nanning, China. Firework displays resulted in a burst of SO2, coarse mode, and accumulation mode (100–500 nm) particles. Through single particle mass spectrometry analysis, five different types of particles (fireworks-metal, ash, dust, organic carbon-sulfate (OC-sulfate), biomass burning) with different size distributions were identified as primary emissions from firework displays. The fireworks-related particles accounted for more than 70% of the total analyzed particles during severe firework detonations. The formation of secondary particulate sulfate and nitrate during firework events was investigated on single particle level. An increase of sulfite peak (80SO3) followed by an increase of sulfate peaks (97HSO4+ 96SO4) in the mass spectra during firework displays indicated the aqueous uptake and oxidation of SO2 on particles. High concentration of gaseous SO2, high relative humidity and high particle loading likely promoted SO2 oxidation. Secondary nitrate formed through gas-phase oxidation of NO2 to nitric acid, followed by the condensation into particles as ammonium nitrate. This study shows that under worm, humid conditions, both primary and secondary aerosols contribute to the particulate air pollution during firework displays.  相似文献
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