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A 2-year monitoring study was conducted to estimate nitrogen deposition to a typical red soil forestland in southeastern China. The dry deposition velocities (V(d)) were estimated using big leaf resistance analogy model. Atmospheric nitrogen dry deposition was estimated by combing V(d) and nitrogen compounds concentrations, and the wet deposition was calculated via rainfall and nitrogen concentrations in rainwater. The total inorganic nitrogen deposition was 83.7 kg ha(-1) a(-1) in 2004 and 81.3 kg ha(-1) a(-1) in 2005, respectively. The dry deposition contributed 78.6% to total nitrogen deposition, in which ammonia was the predominant contributor that accounted for 86.1%. Reduced nitrogen compounds were the predominant contributors, accounting for 78.3% of total nitrogen deposition. The results suggested that atmospheric inorganic nitrogen could be attributed to intensive agricultural practices such as excessive nitrogen fertilization and livestock production. Therefore, impacts of atmospheric nitrogen originated from agriculture practices on nearby forest ecosystems should be evaluated.  相似文献
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紫外分光光度法测定水中挥发酚的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目前,测定水中挥发酚一般采用4-氨基安替比林直接比色法和萃取法.为了克服4-氨基安替比林比色法测定挥发酚时需蒸馏、试剂不稳定等缺点或不足,提高挥发酚的检测上限,本文提出用紫外光度法测定水中挥发酚.用浓磷酸固定水样,用三氯甲烷、乙醚萃取水样,使挥发酚转移到乙醚中,排除多种离子的干扰;加入无水硫酸钠脱水,用乙醚定容,269 nm处测定吸光度.此方法不仅使测定范围增大到0.409~120 mg/L,且简便、快速、准确.本方法与标准方法有很好的可比性,同时,有很好的重现性.  相似文献
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王刚  相涛  郑毅 《干旱环境监测》2007,21(3):176-180
对当前我国粘胶纤维行业采用的几种主要水污染防治技术进行了介绍,较为详细地说明了这几种水污染防治技术的主要技术特点及应用条件,为相关企业及环保工作者了解和掌握我国粘胶纤维行业水污染防治技术现状提供了方便.  相似文献
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建立了紫外可见分光光度法检测退浆废水中聚乙烯醇(PVA)含量的方法.以硼酸为介质,碘化钾-碘溶液为显色剂,检测波长为680 nm,测定退浆废水中PVA含量的线性方程为Y=0.018 8X+0.003 2,相关系数R2=0.999 3,平均加标回收率为97.6%;方法精密度(RSD=1.5%)、重现性(RSD=1.8%)均较好.该方法操作简单、准确度高、测定快速,适用于测定退浆废水中PVA的含量.  相似文献
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