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不同生境苔类和角苔类植物对生态环境的指示作用
引用本文:黄文琥,王之明,梁盛.不同生境苔类和角苔类植物对生态环境的指示作用[J].中国环境监测,2014,30(3):70-74.
作者姓名:黄文琥  王之明  梁盛
作者单位:贵州省环境监测中心站, 贵州 贵阳 550081;贵州省环境监测中心站, 贵州 贵阳 550081;赤水桫椤国家级自然保护区管理局, 贵州 赤水 564700
基金项目:贵州省科学技术基金(黔科合J字[2011]2167号);环保部环保公益性行业科研项目(201209038)
摘    要:利用植物对生态环境进行监测能综合地判断生态环境变化情况。通过对黔北丹霞地貌区、香纸沟喀斯特地貌区及烂泥沟卡林型金矿区苔类、角苔类植物的比较研究,统计分析种群的分布情况。结果表明,角苔类植物主要生长于生态环境保护较好的区域,扁萼苔科、角苔科为生态环境保护较好区域监测指示科植物,蛇苔属为生态环境保护较好区域监测指示属植物,小蛇苔、蛇苔为生态环境保护较好区域监测指示种植物。

关 键 词:苔类  角苔类  生态环境  指示植物
收稿时间:4/9/2013 12:00:00 AM

Eco-Environment Monitoring Using Liverworts and Hornworts from Different Habitat
HUANG Wen-hu,WANG Zhi-ming and LIANG Sheng.Eco-Environment Monitoring Using Liverworts and Hornworts from Different Habitat[J].Environmental Monitoring in China,2014,30(3):70-74.
Authors:HUANG Wen-hu  WANG Zhi-ming and LIANG Sheng
Institution:Guizhou Environmental Monitoring Centre, Guiyang 550081, China;Guizhou Environmental Monitoring Centre, Guiyang 550081, China;The National Nature reserve Administration of CHISHUI Cyathea, Chishui 564700, China
Abstract:Eco-environment monitoring using plants can provide comprehensive information for determination of environmental changes. Through flora investigations of liverworts and hornworts in three substrates including Danxia Landform of north Guizhou province, Xiangzhigou Karst landform, and Lannigou Karlin Gold Mine, a close correlation was found between bryophytes flora and substrates. Hornworts mainly grew in the sites with better environmental protection. Radulaceae, Anthocerotaceae and Conocephalum could be used as indicators of better environmental protection at family and genus levels, respectively. Species of Conocephalum japonicum(Thunb.) Grolle and C. conicum (L.) Dum. may be used as direct indicators for sites with better environment conditions at species level.
Keywords:liverworts  hornworts  eco-environmental  plant indicator
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