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赣东北德兴矿区周边女性居民头发中重金属分布特征
引用本文:倪善芹,李瑞萍,王安建.赣东北德兴矿区周边女性居民头发中重金属分布特征[J].中国环境监测,2012,28(2):81-87.
作者姓名:倪善芹  李瑞萍  王安建
作者单位:中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所,北京,100049
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(K0905,K1020); "十一五"国家科技攻关项目(2006BAB01B05)
摘    要:应用ICP-MS/AFS测定江西德兴矿区(铜矿和铅锌矿)周边地区祝家村和戴村女性居民头发中重金属含量。探讨了河水、土壤、饮用水、人发中的重金属分布,着重分析了人发中重金属含量与年龄间的关系,指出最易受环境污染危害的人群。研究表明,人发中重金属含量与人所处的地质环境密切相关,人发中重金属含量主要受控于地质环境中某个(些)主导因素。不同年龄段人群重金属元素的分布对矿山开发环境的响应不同。人发中一些有害元素(Pb、Cd)在儿童组(15岁以下)普遍表现为高含量。这说明矿山开发释放的污染元素对儿童的危害最大。不同地区不同元素与年龄间的关系不同。人发重金属含量与年龄关系较为复杂,不存在统一的结论,应具体情况具体分析。

关 键 词:人发  德兴矿区  重金属含量  环境污染

The Distribution of Heavy Metal in the Scalp Hair of the Females Near Dexing Mine Area, Jiangxi, China
NI Shan-qin.The Distribution of Heavy Metal in the Scalp Hair of the Females Near Dexing Mine Area, Jiangxi, China[J].Environmental Monitoring in China,2012,28(2):81-87.
Authors:NI Shan-qin
Institution:Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:Levels of seven metals (Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Cd and Se) in the scalp hair of Daicun female inhabitants were determined by ICP-MS/AFS. The heavy metal distribution in river water, soil and drinking, and human scalp hair was discussed. The relations between heavy content and age were deeply analyzed. The main results can be concluded as following:The heavy metal levels in the scalp hair were Closely related to local geological environment,and controlled by one or more leading factors of geological environment. The content of some harmful elements such as Pb and Cd are highest in the child group compared to other groups. The correlations between the heavy metal content of scalp hair and age are complex. There is no Unified conclusion.
Keywords:Hair  Dexing mine area  Heavy metal contents  Environment pollution
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