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Natech风险研究:现状、理论及展望
引用本文:马宗伟,高越,毕军.Natech风险研究:现状、理论及展望[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(2):69-75.
作者姓名:马宗伟  高越  毕军
作者单位:污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室, 南京大学环境学院, 江苏南京 210023,污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室, 南京大学环境学院, 江苏南京 210023,污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室, 南京大学环境学院, 江苏南京 210023
基金项目:国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目(71921003);国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作与交流项目(71761147002)。
摘    要:由自然灾害引发的工业企业环境安全事故又称为自然灾害诱发的技术事故(Natech)。我国是工业大国,重化工业是我国的主导产业之一;同时我国还是世界上自然灾害严重的国家之一,Natech风险不容忽视。开展Natech风险识别、评估和管理研究,有助于我国Natech风险管理体系的完善,防范和降低区域Natech风险。目前,我国Natech风险基础研究尚处于起步阶段,难以支撑我国Natech风险防控实践。本文从Natech风险发生机制、风险评估、风险感知与最大可接受风险水平、风险管理体系等四个方面回顾了国内外Natech风险研究现状,初步梳理了Natech风险的基本理论,并对我国未来Natech风险的研究方向进行了展望,为我国Natech风险研究领域的发展提供参考。

关 键 词:自然灾害  技术事故  Natech风险  研究现状  研究展望

Natech Risk Research: Status, Theory and Prospect
MA Zongwei,GAO Yue and BI Jun.Natech Risk Research: Status, Theory and Prospect[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Management,2020,12(2):69-75.
Authors:MA Zongwei  GAO Yue and BI Jun
Institution:State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China,State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China and State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
Abstract:Environmental and safety incidents of industrial enterprises caused by natural disasters are also called natural hazard triggered technological accidents (Natech). China is a highly industrialized country and the heavy chemical industry is one of the leading industries. At the same time, China is one of the countries with severe natural disasters in the world. The Natech risk in China could not be ignored. To carry out relevant studies on Natech risk identification, assessment and management will help to improve the Natech risk management system, and prevent and reduce regional Natech risks in China. At present, Natech risk research in China is still in its early stage, which cannot support the practice of Natech risk management in China. In this paper, we reviewed the research status of Natech risk at home and abroad from four aspects, namely, the risk occurrence mechanism, risk assessment, risk perception and maximum acceptable risk level, and risk management system. On this basis, we preliminarily summarized the basic theories for Natech risk management. We then proposed the research prospects of Natech risk, so as to provide references for the development of Natech risk research in China.
Keywords:natural hazard  technological accident  Natech risk  research status  research prospects
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