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张家界市旅游生态安全评价及障碍因子分析
引用本文:徐美,刘春腊.张家界市旅游生态安全评价及障碍因子分析[J].长江流域资源与环境,2018(3):605-614.
作者姓名:徐美  刘春腊
作者单位:中南林业科技大学旅游学院,湖南长沙,410004 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,湖南长沙,410081
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41601143),教育部人文社会科学项目(16YJC840012),湖南省自然科学基金项目(2015JJ3179),湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(16YBQ076),2016年度湖南省社会科学成果评审委员会一般课题(XSPYBZZ064),湖南省教育厅科学研究项目(15C1447),中南林业科技大学青年科学研究基金(2015QZ004)
摘    要:开展旅游生态安全研究对旅游地协调生态环境保护与旅游业发展的关系具有重要意义。基于2001~2014年张家界市旅游生态安全的相关数据,从威胁、质量、调控3方面构建了张家界市旅游生态安全评价的"TQR"指标体系,并运用灰色关联投影法及障碍度模型对其旅游生态安全状况及主要障碍因子进行了分析。结果表明:总体上,2001~2014年,张家界市的旅游生态安全灰色关联投影值呈波动上升态势,但幅度有限,旅游生态安全水平未得到根本提升,除2003年外,安全状况均处于"一般"水平;就各子系统而言,2001~2014年,张家界市旅游生态安全威胁系统的安全状况由"一般"下降到"较不安全",质量系统除2003年外均处于"较安全"水平,调控系统的安全状况由"较不安全"提升到"较安全";2001~2014年,影响张家界市旅游生态安全的主要障碍因子有一定变化,早期的威胁主要为生态用地被占用、污水处理水平较低、从业人员素质不高等因素,近期则在游客密度控制、旅游资源利用强度调控、生态用地保护及污染减排等方面面临的压力越来越大。

关 键 词:旅游生态安全  评价  灰色关联投影法  障碍因子  张家界市  tourism  ecological  security  evaluation  grey  relation  projection  method  obstacle  factors  Zhangjiajie

Tourism Ecological Security Evaluation and Obstacle Factors Analysis of Zhangjiajie
XU Mei,LIU Chun-la.Tourism Ecological Security Evaluation and Obstacle Factors Analysis of Zhangjiajie[J].Resources and Environment in the Yangtza Basin,2018(3):605-614.
Authors:XU Mei  LIU Chun-la
Abstract:Study on tourism ecological security is of great significance for tourism destination to the coordination of ecological environment protection and tourism development.Based on tourism ecological security data of Zhangjiajie from 2001 to 2014,the tourism ecological safety evaluation index system of "TQR" was constructed from 3 aspects,which were threaten,quality and regulation.Then,by using the grey relation projection method and obstacle degree model,the ecological security status and main obstacle factors were analyzed.Results indicated that:In 2001-2014,the tourism ecological security grey related projection value kept the rise trend although there was some volatility,and the security situation was in the "general" level except in 2003.In terms of each subsystem,in 2001-2014,the ecological security situation of threaten system drop from "general" level to "relatively unsafe" level,the ecological security situation of quality system was in "relatively safe" level except in 2003,the ecological security situation of regulation system raised from "less safety" level to "safer" level.In 2001-2014,the main obstacle factors that influencing the tourism ecological security of Zhangjiajie had some changes.In early times,the main obstacle factors were ecological land be occupied,sewage treatment level was low,and the quality of practitioners was not high.In recent years,factors as visitor density control,tourism resource utilization intensity control,ecological land protection and pollution reduction were facing a growing press.
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