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1.
以玉米淀粉为载体,采用液相还原法制备纳米零价铁/玉米淀粉,并用于溶液中Pb2+的去除。采用SEM技术对吸附材料进行了表征。考察了溶液pH、纳米零价铁/玉米淀粉加入量、初始Pb2+质量浓度、反应时间等因素对Pb2+吸附效果的影响。表征结果显示,纳米零价铁/玉米淀粉球体间主要呈链状连接,不仅保持了纳米零价铁的特性,且颗粒的团聚现象明显减少。实验结果表明,在溶液pH 7.0、纳米零价铁/玉米淀粉加入量0.8 g/L、初始Pb2+质量浓度50 mg/L、反应时间60 min的条件下,纳米零价铁/玉米淀粉对Pb2+具有较好的吸附效果,Pb2+去除率为93.17%、吸附量为47.27 mg/g。  相似文献   

2.
锰氧化物的零价汞吸附性能初探   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以不同锰盐为锰源制备了三种锰氧化物,并将其作为吸附剂用于模拟烟气中零价汞的脱除。采用PXRD、TEM、N2吸附、H2-TPR、XPS等技术手段对制备的吸附剂进行了表征,利用固定床装置考察了其在不同温度下对模拟烟气中零价汞的吸附能力,并对穿透后吸附剂的脱附性能进行试验探讨。结果表明不同锰源制备的锰氧化物在低温条件下对零价汞的吸附性能不同,其中以硝酸锰为锰源制备的锰氧化物具有较高的吸附性能,并且吸附在锰氧化物表面的汞能够在加热条件下释放出来。另外,试验还发现当烟气中无SO2时,制备的吸附剂具有较好的循环使用性能。  相似文献   

3.
研究了以钨渣提钪后的含锰废液、软锰矿和菱锰矿为原料制备高纯硫酸锰的工艺方法.探讨了反应温度、菱锰矿用量及其反应时间对锰浸出效果的影响.在硫酸锰溶液中,加入碳酸锰中和水解除去铁、铝,加入硫化锰除去重金属,加入水合二氧化锰吸附除去硅,加入氟化锰除去钙、镁、稀土元素,最后加热浓缩析出硫酸锰结晶,干燥后获得高纯硫酸锰.  相似文献   

4.
刘强 《化工环保》2022,(1):94-100
以甘蔗渣为原料,采用水热合成法制备了水热炭,再通过浸渍法负载上铁或锰的氧化物,得到具有吸附-催化氧化双功能的铁/锰氧化物改性碳基催化剂CMF,对催化剂进行了表征,并考察了其对甲苯的脱除性能.表征结果显示,CMF具有比表面积大、活性成分分布均匀等良好的表面结构.实验结果表明:CMF具有较高的甲苯脱除性能,当温度高于250...  相似文献   

5.
《化工环保》2014,(6):547+556+560+580+594
一种用于光降解全氟有机酸的掺杂二氧化钛炭铁复合材料的制备方法该专利涉及一种用于光降解全氟有机酸的掺杂二氧化钛炭铁复合材料的制备方法。该掺杂二氧化钛炭铁复合材料是将纳米二氧化钛和纳米羟基铁固定在颗粒活性炭上,然后将该材料加入到全氟有  相似文献   

6.
制备了沸石负载纳米TiO_2催化剂和蒙脱土负载纳米零价铁吸附剂,结合传统处理技术,构建了"絮凝—预氧化(Fenton氧化)—沸石负载纳米TiO_2催化臭氧氧化—蒙脱土载负纳米零价铁吸附"组合工艺,处理压裂返排液,考察了影响COD去除效果的因素。实验结果表明:在催化剂投加量1.0 g/L、臭氧通入时间5 min、吸附剂投加量5.0 g/L、吸附时间4 h的最佳条件下,COD从原水的4 032.60 mg/L降至37.03 mg/L,处理后出水各项指标均达到GB 8978—1996《污水综合排放标准》中的一级标准;80℃下,出水回用配制的压裂液黏度为4.4 mPa·s,高于自来水配制和压裂返排液配制的压裂液,耐温性有一定提升。  相似文献   

7.
概括了纳米铁酸盐(以ZnFe2O4和BiFeO3为代表)光催化剂的制备方法;综述了其在废水处理中的应用现状;讨论了催化反应中铁酸盐的特性及工艺条件(初始反应p H、初始污染物浓度、H2O2的加入等)对有机污染物降解率的影响;介绍了光助-类Fenton氧化反应的机理;对纳米铁酸盐在废水处理应用中存在的问题进行了总结,并对今后的研究方向进行了展望。  相似文献   

8.
以Na_2SiO_3为原料、聚乙二醇-2000为结构导向剂,采用溶胶-凝胶和高温煅烧两步法制备SiO_2微球,再以其为载体,采用液相还原法负载零价纳米铁,制得Fe/SiO_2复合材料。采用SEM,FTIR,XRD技术对Fe/SiO_2复合材料的形貌结构进行表征,研究了Fe/SiO_2复合材料对Cd~(2+)的吸附性能。表征结果显示,纳米铁以毛绒状负载在SiO_2微球上。实验结果表明,在溶液pH为5、n(SiO_2):n(Fe)=2、老化温度为70℃的最佳工艺条件下制备的Fe/SiO_2复合材料在25℃时处理Cd~(2+)初始质量浓度为35 mg/L的模拟含Cd~(2+)废水,Cd~(2+)吸附容量为28.10 mg/g。Fe/SiO_2复合材料对Cd~(2+)的吸附作用较符合准二级吸附动力学方程,对Cd~(2+)的等温吸附过程更符合Langmuir模型。  相似文献   

9.
概述了改性聚合物膜在重金属去除领域的应用及研究进展,介绍了表面改性、共混改性以及支撑层改性等改性方法。分析了改性聚合物膜表面或基体内部的官能团与功能材料对重金属去除效果的影响及主要作用机理。指出:支撑层改性可以有效提高膜基体孔内负载吸附剂的分散性进而提高重金属吸附量,但改性聚合物膜的稳定性有待进一步评估和提升。  相似文献   

10.
以小麦秸秆为原料制备生物炭,再通过液相还原法制备了生物炭负载纳米铁镍双金属材料(Ni/Fe/BC),运用FTIR,SEM,XRD技术进行了表征,并将该材料用于水中1,1,1-三氯乙烷(TCA)的去除。表征结果显示,生物炭具有良好的空隙结构和较大的比表面积,能有效负载纳米铁镍双金属,防止纳米铁镍双金属颗粒的团聚。实验结果表明:Ni/Fe/BC的最佳制备条件为生物炭、Fe、Ni的质量比1∶1∶0.01;在TCA质量浓度200 mg/L、Fe加入量1 g/L的条件下,反应60 min时,Ni/Fe/BC对TCA的去除率达99.2%,与未经生物炭负载时的39.1%相比显著提高;生物炭通过吸附TCA使TCA与双金属的接触增多,而铁腐蚀产生的氢被吸附在镍金属表面形成活性氢自由基,促进了TCA的去除。  相似文献   

11.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment - This investigation compared the adsorption behavior of humic acid (HA) on cellulose, chitosan and nano zerovalent iron/chitosan (nZVI/chitosan). Results...  相似文献   

12.
城市污泥制备水中重金属吸附剂及其吸附特性研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本实验利用城市污水厂的脱水污泥,通过化学活化法制备活性炭.研究活化温度、活化时间、固液比和活化剂浓度等因素对制备污泥活性炭的影响,确定氯化锌法制备污泥活性炭的最佳工艺为活化温度550 ℃、活化时间30 min、固液比1∶2、氯化剂浓度45%.将制备的污泥活性炭吸附Cu2+,Cr6+,Cd2+3种重金属离子模拟废水,研究pH值、吸附时间、污泥投加量、温度等因素对吸附过程的影响.实验结果表明,剩余污泥对Cu2+,Cr6+,Cd2+3种重金属离子都具有良好的吸附效果,在优化条件下,3种重金属离子去除率分别达到94%,76%,81%,吸附能力大小顺序为Cu2+>Cd2+>+Cr6+.  相似文献   

13.
简述了零价铁(ZVI)处理废水的机理。综述了ZVI、纳米零价铁 (nZVI)对焦化废水、军火厂废水、制药废水、橄榄油厂废水、染料废水、含盐类废水及含重金属废水处理的研究进展以及ZVI复合材料处理废水的研究进展。指出将ZVI与超声波、微波及Fenton法等技术联合,形成具有各自优点的新处理技术,将是今后的研究重点。  相似文献   

14.
Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soil using amendments--a review   总被引:45,自引:0,他引:45  
The spread of contaminants in soil can be hindered by the soil stabilization technique. Contaminant immobilizing amendments decrease trace element leaching and their bioavailability by inducing various sorption processes: adsorption to mineral surfaces, formation of stable complexes with organic ligands, surface precipitation and ion exchange. Precipitation as salts and co-precipitation can also contribute to reducing contaminant mobility. The technique can be used in in situ and ex situ applications to reclaim and re-vegetate industrially devastated areas and mine-spoils, improve soil quality and reduce contaminant mobility by stabilizing agents and a beneficial use of industrial by-products. This study is an overview of data published during the last five years on the immobilization of one metalloid, As, and four heavy metals, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn, in soils. The most extensively studied amendments for As immobilization are Fe containing materials. The immobilization of As occurs through adsorption on Fe oxides by replacing the surface hydroxyl groups with the As ions, as well as by the formation of amorphous Fe(III) arsenates and/or insoluble secondary oxidation minerals. Cr stabilization mainly deals with Cr reduction from its toxic and mobile hexavalent form Cr(VI) to stable in natural environments Cr(III). The reduction is accelerated in soil by the presence of organic matter and divalent iron. Clays, carbonates, phosphates and Fe oxides were the common amendments tested for Cu immobilization. The suggested mechanisms of Cu retention were precipitation of Cu carbonates and oxy-hydroxides, ion exchange and formation of ternary cation-anion complexes on the surface of Fe and Al oxy-hydroxides. Most of the studies on Pb stabilization were performed using various phosphorus-containing amendments, which reduce the Pb mobility by ionic exchange and precipitation of pyromorphite-type minerals. Zn can be successfully immobilized in soil by phosphorus amendments and clays.  相似文献   

15.
陈东  曾玉彬  李源  汪勉  李嘉晨 《化工环保》2015,35(5):481-486
以纳米γ-Fe2O3为磁性介质制备了磁性纳米γ-Fe2O3/SiO2,并将其用于水中亚甲基蓝的吸附。表征结果显示:制备的γ-Fe2O3/SiO2呈不规则核壳结构,平均粒径为38 nm,比表面积为74.35 m2/g,比饱和磁化强度为55 A·m2/kg。实验结果表明:γ-Fe2O3/SiO2对亚甲基蓝的吸附适宜在中碱性条件下进行,4 h即可达吸附平衡;在初始亚甲基蓝质量浓度为180 mg/L、γ-Fe2O3/SiO2加入量为2 g/L、初始溶液pH为7.0、吸附温度为298 K的条件下,吸附量最高为25.4 mg/g;共存金属离子会降低吸附效率,而少量的腐殖酸则会促进吸附;吸附过程符合准二级动力学方程,颗粒内扩散不是唯一的控速步骤;等温吸附满足Langmuir模型,该吸附是一个物理吸附过程;用乙醇洗涤的γ-Fe2O3/SiO2重复使用4次时仍能保持约80%的原吸附量。  相似文献   

16.
Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash contains a considerable amount of Fe-rich constituents. The behaviors of these constituents, such as dissolution and precipitation, are quite important as they regulate the distribution of a series of ions between the liquid (percolated fluid) and solid (ash deposit) phases. This paper studied both fresh and weathered MSWI bottom ash from the mineralogical and geochemical viewpoint by utilizing optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), and powder X-ray diffraction. The analysis results revealed that for the fresh bottom ash, iron preferentially existed in the chemical forms of spinel group (mainly Fe(3)O(4), and a series of Al- or Ti- substituted varieties), metallic inclusions (including Fe-P, Fe-S, Fe-Cu-Pb), hematite (Fe(2)O(3)) and unburned iron pieces. In the 1-20 years weathered bottom ash collected from a landfill site, interconversions among these Fe-rich constituents were identified. Consequently, numerous secondary products were developed, including goethite (α-FeOOH), lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH), hematite, magnetite, wustite (FeO), Fe-Si-rich gel phase. Of all these transformation products, hydrous iron oxides were the most common secondary minerals. Quantitative chemical analysis of these secondary products by SEM/EDX disclosed a strong association between the newly formed hydrous iron oxides and heavy metals (e.g. Pb, Zn, Ni, and Cu). The results of this study suggest that the processes of natural weathering and secondary mineralization contribute to reduction of the potential risks of heavy metals to the surrounding environments.  相似文献   

17.
采用水热合成法将Mn O_2包覆于纳米Fe_3O_4的表面,制备出纳米Mn O_2/Fe_3O_4,并将其用于含镉溶液的吸附。考察了吸附效果的影响因素,并研究了纳米Mn O_2/Fe_3O_4的重复使用性能。实验结果表明:在初始镉离子质量浓度为10 mg/L、吸附剂投加量为4 g/L、吸附温度为20℃、溶液p H为6.0、吸附时间为12 h的条件下,镉离子去除率由使用纳米Fe_3O_4时的3%增至使用纳米Mn O_2/Fe_3O_4时的96%;在初始镉离子质量浓度为50 mg/L、纳米Mn O_2/Fe_3O_4投加量为4 g/L、吸附温度为20℃、溶液p H为6.0、吸附时间为1 h的条件下,镉离子去除率达78%,吸附量为9.7 mg/g;经5次重复使用后,纳米Mn O_2/Fe_3O_4对镉离子的去除率仅比首次使用时降低了10百分点,具有良好的重复使用性能。  相似文献   

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