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排序方式: 共有103条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
Zhu  Rong  Wang  Shixin  Srinivasakannan  C.  Li  Shiwei  Yin  Shaohua  Zhang  Libo  Jiang  Xiaobin  Zhou  Guoli  Zhang  Ning 《Environmental Chemistry Letters》2023,21(3):1611-1626
Environmental Chemistry Letters - The demand for lithium is growing rapidly with the increase in electric vehicles, batteries and electronic equipments. Lithium can be extracted from brines, yet...  相似文献   
2.
重庆市主城区及近郊居民环境意识状况分析   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
采用非概率抽样方法,对重庆市主城区及近郊区居民共542户进行入户调查,分析了居民环境意识状况,发现环境意识水平与文化,经济水平以及信息媒体有密切关系,并提出了具体建议。  相似文献   
3.
MAE/GC-MS测定底泥中PCBs的研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
采用微波辅助萃取、气相色谱柱分离、质谱检测器检测底泥中PCBs的含量.通过实验对微波辅助参数优化,研究表明优化后的微波辅助萃取法不仅能够取得与索氏萃取法相当的效果,而且它还具有溶剂用量少、提取时间短等优点,是提取底泥中PCBs较好的方法.  相似文献   
4.
闽江下游突发性水污染事故时空模拟   总被引:9,自引:1,他引:8  
以闽江下游为例,基于有限元法建立闽江下游水动力模型及水质模型,通过对模型进行率定和验证,表明该模型具有较理想的模拟效果.在此基础上,利用闽江下游2004年的水文情况,模拟了突发性水污染事故中污染物的运移扩散过程.定量模拟了突发性水污染事故发生后,闽江下游不同地点处污染物到达的时间和浓度值,并对突发风险事故的影响范围、程...  相似文献   
5.
壳聚糖絮凝微藻的研究进展及展望   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
微藻作为一种卓越的生物资源已经受到全世界的关注。从藻液中采收微藻一直是个瓶颈。壳聚糖是目前被普遍认可的安全有效的微藻絮凝剂,通过对其进行适当的改性,可以更好地提高絮凝效率。文章综述了壳聚糖以及改性壳聚糖絮凝剂的絮凝机理和性能,并对壳聚糖絮凝微藻研究的发展趋势进行了展望。  相似文献   
6.
Characteristics of toluene decomposition and formation of nitrogen oxide (NOx) by-products were investigated in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor with/without catalyst at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Four kinds of metal oxides, i.e., manganese oxide (MnOx), iron oxide (FeOx), cobalt oxide (CoOx) and copper oxide (CuO), supported on Al2O3/nickel foam, were used as catalysts. It was found that introducing catalysts could improve toluene removal efficiency, promote decomposition of by-product ozone and enhance CO2 selectivity. In addition, NOx was suppressed with the decrease of specific energy density (SED) and the increase of humidity, gas flow rate and toluene concentration, or catalyst introduction. Among the four kinds of catalysts, the CuO catalyst showed the best performance in NOx suppression. The MnOx catalyst exhibited the lowest concentration of O3 and highest CO2 selectivity but the highest concentration of NOx. A possible pathway for NOx production in DBD was discussed. The contributions of oxygen active species and hydroxyl radicals are dominant in NOx suppression.  相似文献   
7.
3种酚酸对中肋骨条藻生长的抑制作用   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
采用外源添加方式,通过监测藻细胞数量变化,分析了香草酸、对羟基苯甲酸和焦性没食子酸对中肋骨条藻生长的抑制作用。结果表明,在32~256mg/L浓度范围内,随着浓度的增大,3种酚酸对中肋骨条藻的抑制作用明显增强。当浓度为192mg/L时,3种酚酸对中肋骨条藻的生长抑制率超过50%。香草酸、对羟基苯甲酸和焦性没食子酸对中肋骨条藻的半抑制浓度分别为153mg/L、145mg/L和108.0mg/L。进一步,研究发现3种酚酸的半抑制浓度作用下,藻细胞内叶绿素、蛋白质和多糖含量明显低于对照组,胞外蛋白质和胞外多糖含量没有明显差异,但二者比值与对照组相比,有明显的增大趋势。3种酚酸显著降低了藻细胞SOD和POD比活力,尤其是显著降低了POD比活力,使其比活力降低为对照组的18%~39%。香草酸、对羟基苯甲酸和焦性没食子酸均致使藻细胞MDA含量明显升高,其数值增大为对照组的1.6、2.2和2.4倍。上述研究表明,3种酚酸通过影响某些主要生化成分的合成及其活性的影响,从而实现对中肋骨条藻生长的抑制作用。  相似文献   
8.
Excessive livestock grazing degrades grasslands ecosystem stability and sustainability by reducing soil organic matter and plant productivity. However, the effects of grazing on soil cellulolytic fungi, an important indicator of the degradation process for soil organic matter, remain less well understood. Using T-RFLP and sequencing methods, we investigated the effects of grazing on the temporal changes of cellulolytic fungal abundance and community structure in dry steppe soils during the growing months from May to September, on the Tibetan Plateau using T-RFLP and sequencing methods. The results demonstrated that the abundance of soil cellulolytic fungi under grazing treatment changed significantly from month to month, and was positively correlated with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and soil temperature, but negatively correlated with soil pH. Contrastingly, cellulolytic fungal abundance did not change within the fencing treatment (ungrazed conditions). Cellulolytic fungal community structure changed significantly in the growing months in grazed soils, but did not change in fenced soils. Grazing played a key role in determining the community structure of soil cellulolytic fungi by explaining 8.1% of the variation, while pH and DOC explained 4.1% and 4.0%, respectively. Phylogenetically, the cellulolytic fungi were primarily affiliated with Ascomycota (69.65% in relative abundance) and Basidiomycota (30.35%). Therefore, grazing substantially reduced the stability of soil cellulolytic fungal abundance and community structure, as compared with the fencing treatment. Our finding provides a new insight into the responses of organic matter-decomposing microbes for grassland managements.  相似文献   
9.
SO2 measurements made in recent years at sites in Beijing and its surrounding areas are performed to study the variations and trends of surface SO2 at different types of sites in Northern China. The overall average concentrations of SO2 are (16.8 ± 13.1) ppb, (14.8 ± 9.4) ppb, and (7.5 ± 4.0) ppb at China Meteorological Administration (CMA, Beijing urban area), Gucheng (GCH, relatively polluted rural area, 110 km to the southwest of Beijing urban area), and Shangdianzi (SDZ, clean background area, 100 km to the northeast of Beijing urban area), respectively. The SO2 levels in winter (heating season) are 4-6 folds higher than those in summer. There are highly significant correlations among the daily means of SO2 at different sites, indicating regional characteristics of SO2 pollution. Diurnal patterns of surface SO2 at all sites have a common feature with a daytime peak, which is probably caused by the downward mixing and/or the advection transport of SO2-richer air over the North China Plain. The concentrations of SO2 at CMA and GCH show highly significant downward trends (-4.4 ppb/yr for CMA and -2.4 ppb/yr for GCH), while a less significant trend (-0.3 ppb/yr) is identified in the data from SDZ, reflecting the character of SDZ as a regional atmospheric background site in North China. The SO2 concentrations of all three sites show a significant decrease from period before to after the control measures for the 2008 Olympic Games, suggesting that the SO2 pollution control has long-term effectiveness and benefits. In the post-Olympics period, the mean concentrations of SO2 at CMA, GCH, and SDZ are (14.3 ± 11.0) ppb, (12.1 ± 7.7) ppb, and (7.5 ± 4.0) ppb, respectively, with reductions of 26%, 36%, and 13%, respectively, compared to the levels before. Detailed analysis shows that the differences of temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction were not the dominant factors for the significant differences of SO2 between the pre-Olympics and post-Olympics periods. By extracting the data being more representative of local or regional characteristics, a reduction of up to 40% for SO2 in polluted areas and a reduction of 20% for regional SO2 are obtained for the effect of control measures implemented for the Olympic Games.  相似文献   
10.
介绍了邯钢焦化厂煤气回收系统废气净化工艺的操作情况及存在的问题,指出了改造后的净化工艺的特点和效果。  相似文献   
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