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1.
This research aimed to evaluate the alga Scenedesmus obliquus toxicity induced by textiledyeing effluents(TDE).The toxicity indicator of TDE in alga at the physiological(algal growyth),biochemical(chlorophyll-a(Chl-a) synthesis and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity) and structural(cell membrane integrity) level were investigated.Then we further study the relationship among toxicity indicators at physiological and biochemical level,and supplemented by research on algal biomacromolecules.According to the analysis of various endpoints of the alga,the general sensitivity sequence of toxicity endpoints of Scenedesmus obliquus was:SOD activity Chl-a synthesis algal growth.The stimulation rate of SOD activity increased from day 3(57.25%~83.02%) to day 6(57.25%~103.81%),and then decreased on day 15(-4.23%~-32.96%),which indicated that the antioxidant balance system of the algal cells was destroyed.The rate of Chl-a synthesis inhibition increased gradually,reaching19.70%~79.39% on day 15,while the rate of growth inhibition increased from day 3(-12.90%~10.16%) to day 15(-21.27%~72.46%).Moreover,the algal growth inhibition rate was positively correlated with the inhibition rate of SOD activity or Chl-a synthesis,with the correlation coefficients were 0.6713 and 0.5217,respectively.Algal cells would be stimulating to produce excessive reactive oxygen species,which would cause peroxidation in the cells,thereby destroying chloroplasts,inhibiting chlorophyll synthesis and reducing photosynthesis.With increasing exposure time,irreversible damage to algae can lead to death.This study is expected to enhance our understanding of the ecological risks through algal tests caused by TDE.  相似文献   
2.
混凝法在滇池蓝藻暴发期净水除藻的可行性研究   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
采用精制硫酸铝为混凝剂,L93^4正交法安排滇池蓝藻暴发期混凝沉降除藻除净水工艺实验。结果表明,混凝剂种类、水样pH值对蓝藻去除率有很大影响。研究确定了混凝剂除藻最佳操作条件,为混凝法去除蓝藻的工业化提供了理论和实际操作依据。  相似文献   
3.
杂多化合物脱硫化氢动力学研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
在双搅拌、无浓度梯度气液反应器中考察了磷钼杂多化合物吸收H2S过程的宏观动力学行为.结果表明,吸收剂浓度提高,脱硫效果增强,当磷钼酸钠浓度超过6.25×10-3mol/L后,单一与复配体系对H2S的吸收速率均趋恒定.从工业操作角度来看,6.25×10-3mol/L是适宜的操作浓度温度提高,吸收效果略有降低,但变化幅度不大,实际操作温度可选择常温;进气H2S浓度提高,吸收效果增强.两种脱硫体系中,以复配体系脱硫性能为优.实验测得25℃下反应器中H2S的气、液相传质系数分别为:kGH-2S =8.201×10-10kmol/(m2.s.Pa),kLH-2S=3.440×10-4m/s.吸收反应对磷钼酸钠及硫化氢的反应级数分别为0.339与1.055.  相似文献   
4.
生物膜填料塔处理浓度有机废气的工业应用试验研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
工业应用试验研究表明,生物膜填料塔处理工业有机废气是可行的,当运行条件控制适当时,净化效率可保持在90%以上,能够实现达标排放,这一成果填补了我国环保工业技术领域的空白,工程技术上接近现阶段国外的技术研究水平。  相似文献   
5.
Effects of pH, temperature, and oxygen on the production and release of phosphine in eutrophic lake sediments were investigated under laboratory tests. Results indicated that the elimination of matrix-bound phosphine was accelerated under initial pH 1 or 12. Phosphine levels could reach maximum under initial pH 10. The contents of phosphine increased with the addition of alkali under pH 4–12. The rates of phosphine production and release from lake sediments varied with temperature. 20°C was the most favorable temperature for the production of matrix-bound phosphine. Oxygen showed little effect on matrix-bound phosphine. Matrix-bound phosphine concentrations in lake sediments were concluded to be dependent on a balance of natural generation and depletion processes. Translated from Acta Scientise Circumstantiae, 2005, 25(5): 681–685 [译自: 环境科学学报]  相似文献   
6.
生物法处理低浓度有机废气的填料选择研究   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
采用不锈钢环、瓷环、陶粒、塑料环、海藻石、轻质陶块、煤渣等作为填料的试验研究,结果表明七种填料的净化性能顺序为:海藻石>轻质陶块>陶粒>瓷环>不锈钢环>煤渣>塑料环。  相似文献   
7.
Nitrogen evolution was studied during the co-combustion of hydrothermally treated municipal solid wastes (HT MSW) and coal in a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB). HT MSW blending ratios as 10%, 20% and 30% (wt.%) were selected and tested at 700, 800, 900 °C. Emissions of NO and N2O from blends were measured and compared with the results of mono-combustion trials. Moreover, concentrations of precursors like NH3 and HCN were also quantified. The results are summarized as follows: NO emissions were predominant in all the cases, which rose with increasing temperature. The blending of HT MSW contributed to the NO reduction. N2O emissions decreased with temperature rising and the blending of HT MSW also presented positive effects. At 30% HT MSW addition, both NO and N2O emissions showed the lowest values (391.85 ppm and 55.33 ppm, respectively at 900 °C). For the precursors, more HCN was detected than NH3 and both played important roles on the gas side nitrogen evolution.  相似文献   
8.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - Low-carbon transition has gradually become the focus of research on environmental issues. This paper takes China’s eight major economic regions...  相似文献   
9.
近年来,采石场大面积弃渣边坡无防护堆积和坡面水土流失等问题严重.文章基于"蓄水范式"理念,以山阴县小娘娘山采石场为例,采用理论研究与实用施工技术相结合的方法,提出一套因地制宜的弃渣边坡稳定技术,该技术包括蓄水稳定技术设计和配套措施设计,以研究区内的一处弃渣边坡为示范点进行了实际设计和施工.结果表明,弃渣边坡稳定技术能有效提高弃渣边坡的稳定性和蓄水能力,施工方便、成本低,在实际工程中具有广泛地推广性.  相似文献   
10.
A new method that utilizes pretreated silica gel as an adsorbent has been developed for simultaneous preconcentration of trace Cd(II) and Pb(II) prior to the measurement by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The effects of pH, the shaking time, the elution condition and the coexisting ions on the separation/preconcentration conditions of analytes were investigated. Under optimized conditions, the static adsorption capacity of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were 45.5 and 27.1mg/g, the relative standard deviations were 3.2% and 1.7% (for n = 11), and the limits of detection obtained were 4.25 and 0.60 ng/mL, respectively. The method was validated by analyzing the certified reference materials GBW 07304a (stream sediment) and successfully applied to the analysis of various treated wastewater samples with satisfactory results.  相似文献   
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